British chemist Martin Fleischmann, one of the two scientists involved in the initial, controversial claim of 'cold fusion' back in 1989, has passed away aged 85. Along with his partner Stanley Pons, Fleischmann claimed to have achieved a fusion reaction at room temperature in an experiment at the University of Utah - a breathtaking result that, if true, would have massive implications for future energy production.
However, after a flurry of widespread media attention, further research and replications by other scientists failed to find enough evidence for the cold fusion claim to be accepted. In the absence of support from further testing, Fleischmann and Pons' positive results were soon turned against them, with accusations of shoddy science gaining enough momentum to eventually make 'cold fusion' a heretical topic in scientific circles, and turn the scientists involved into 'poster boys' for pseudo-science. In 2005, Fleischmann described the whole affair as "a terrible experience". Nevertheless, some anomalous cold fusion results have continued to provoke interest in the topic, not least from the U.S. Department of Energy.
One wonders if one day, with future research into the topic, Fleischmann's reputation may be reinstated.
Fleischmann was born in Czechoslovakia. When the Nazis occupied the country in 1938, the family fled to England. To gain legal status for the move, Fleischmann was adopted by a British bachelor.
He studied chemistry at the Imperial College in London, and became known for a strong grasp of mathematics and an imagination unusual for a chemist. He took over the chemistry department of the University of Southampton in 1967 and gave it an international reputation. He was a fellow of the Royal Society, Britain's Academy of Sciences.
After retiring from the university, he spent a lot of time in Salt Lake City, collaborating on experiments with his friend Pons, an American. Together, they decided to revive an idea Fleischmann had years ago. He had speculated that something interesting, perhaps a nuclear reaction, could be achieved by taking advantage of the peculiar behavior of hydrogen atoms infused in palladium, a precious metal.
Source: Associated Press
I've used my iPad for gaming, for eBook reading, for taking notes and doing art. But I haven't yet used it to enter the fourth dimension. Until now...
The Fourth Dimension is a new app for iPad and iPhone. This app is a 30-page interactive book that explains the fourth dimension and lets you directly manipulate a 4D object called a tesseract using a unique touch-based interface.
This is the closest you will ever get to holding a chunk of the fourth dimension in your hand without using dangerous, expensive, and prohibitively theoretical lab equipment.
More information, and a link to the App Store, at the app's website. Love the app's icon too.
- Dr Ian Rubenstein on how he transitioned from an atheistic worldview to becoming a spirit medium.
- Guy Lyon Playfair explores the science and stories about twins and telepathy.
- Garret Model ruminates on how to build a machine that could see into the future.
- Andrew May explains the controversy over "scalar waves".
- Stephen C. Jett reviews Alice Beck Kehoe's book, "The Kensington Runestone: Approaching a Research Question Holistically".
Don't forget also: if you enjoy the mag, send a bit of love via the PayPal button to help ensure the future of this excellent free e-zine (or alternatively pick up a paper copy for $4.95). According to a recent email from the organisation, the SSE "is in serious financial trouble", and so the future of EdgeScience, and the Journal of Scientific Exploration, may well be in doubt. If you value researchers willing to go out on a limb and investigate the fringes of science, then please do support both EdgeScience with a donation, and the SSE with membership/subscription to JSE.
- Rupert Sheldrake on the 'Experimenter Effect'.
- Dean Radin on consciousness research at the Institute of Noetic Sciences (IONS).
- Jack Hunter on anthropology's encounters with the supernatural.
More content as well as that listed above, plus all nine previous issues remain available to download from the website. Remember too that there is an iPad app for viewing the PDF release if you prefer to read it on your favourite Apple device, and you can also send a bit of love via the PayPal button to help ensure the future of this excellent free e-zine (or alternatively pick up a paper copy for $4.95).
When the musical robotic quadrotors come for you and your family, will you march to their beat (or at least, their James Bond theme song?
That buzzing sound they make is the sound of humanity's ultimate downfall...
Though we posted it in the news briefs last week, I wanted to bring attention to this profile of scientific 'heretic' Rupert Sheldrake in The Guardian. It is, I think, a nice little insight into the life and thinking of a particularly fascinating man, without getting too deeply into the arguments about his research and theories:
Sheldrake is the same age as Dawkins – 70 this year – and though their careers began in an almost identical biochemical place, they could hardly have ended up further apart. If Sheldrake's ideas could be boiled down to a sentence, you might borrow one from Hamlet: "There are more things in heaven and earth, Richard, than are dreamt of in your philosophy…"
"What we have in common," Sheldrake says, "is that we are both certain that evolution is the central feature of nature. But I would say his theory of evolution stops at biology. When it comes to cosmology, for example, he has little to say. I would take the evolutionary principle there, too. I think that the 'laws of nature' are also prone to evolve; I think they are more like habits than laws. Much of what we are beginning to understand is that they clearly have evolved differently in different parts of the universe."
The comments below the article are another matter. Which ironically perhaps illustrate Sheldrake's criticisms of 'scientific fundamentalism' better than even he can.
We're used to scientists telling us that the universe is inert matter, that we lack free will, and that our ideas, beliefs and goals are just 'folk psychology'. To voice dissent is to invite sharp correction or be denounced as a follower of pseudoscience. So for those of us who are suspicious of the claims of materialism it's astonishing, and also heartening, to hear a scientist agree that it's a hidebound ideology, dismiss the belief in determinism as a 'delusion' and call on the 'high priests' of science to abandon their 'fantasy of omniscience'.
All this sounds rather rhetorical, and the title of The Science Delusion seems to have been chosen as a counterblast to the Great Panjandrum of scientific orthodoxy himself. But Rupert Sheldrake is not Richard Dawkins, and this is as coloured as his language gets; the book certainly has little about religion. For the most part it's a dispassionate expose of materialism's failures and a plea for scientists to open up to new thinking. The sciences are being held back by 'assumptions that have hardened into dogmas, maintained by powerful taboos', he argues. Not only have the most fundamental questions not been answered for all time, they can all be replaced by more interesting and fruitful ones.
A fascinating synchronicity to share (though based on the sad news of someone's passing): I've been slowly working my way through the new book from Jeff Kripal, Mutants and Mystics: Science Fiction, Superhero Comics, and the Paranormal. Jeff's publisher kindly sent me a copy to peruse, but it's taken me a long time to get through the book as I've been ultra-busy recently getting both Communing with the Gods and the latest instalment of Darklore out the door, so by the time I've been getting to relax with a book it's after midnight and I'm already eye-balled out after proof-reading all day.
Anyhow, a large part of Mutants and Mystics addresses the links between the pioneers of the superhero genre and paranormal topics. So when I saw the news last week of the passing of Alvin Schwartz, former writer of Batman and Superman comics, and creator of the character of Superman's alter-ego Bizarro, I wondered whether Jeff Kripal's book discussed Schwartz. Later that night, on picking up the book and opening it to my bookmark from a few nights previous, I started the new section "Waking Up Inside a Story" on page 237. Here's the first words I read: "Alvin Schwartz began writing comics in 1939".
Now, ordinarily that would make me say "wow!" and have a bit of a laugh at the general weirdness of things. But in this case, it goes even deeper. You see, Kripal's book (like his previous release, Authors of the Impossible, available from Amazon US and UK), is *all about* how the paranormal and general weirdness such as synchronicities seem to suggest that we are 'being written' by something else (an extension of Fort's "we're property", if you will). He addresses these types of experiences specifically in this 'pitch video' for Scott Hulan Jones' documentary based on Authors of the Impossible, leading off with the bizarre and frightening account of another comic book legend, Doug Moench:
In the section about Schwartz that I went on to read, Kripal references a number of anomalistic experiences that Schwartz underwent, and the fact that these synchronicities were mentioned in a section which I had began after experiencing one myself was enough to raise the hair on my arms:
[T]hese anomalies began to fall into a consistent pattern. They seemed to connect to one another, to refer to each other in complex metaphorical ways... He began to realize in his own italicized terms that "in the multilayered universe, as it really exists, there are clumps of events that belong together, that are related in a kind of noncausal grouping, their connection having to do with value and meaning rather than material events" [A Gathering of Selves, p. 83].
Following C.G. Jung, he would call these patterns "deeper currents and vital synchronicities". In effect, these strange events were now making up their own story, as if they were taking on an independent life of their own. In my own terms, Alvin Schwartz was entering the stage of Realization, that is, he was beginning to realize that even as he wrote, and especially when he wrote, he was being written, and that the paranormal, like the person, is first and foremost a story.
Rather a jarring experience, I have to say. Add to that my coming across the video of Jacques Vallee (posted yesterday) the following day, in which he also references these sorts of strange coincidences, and what it might mean for our conception of reality, and I'm currently feeling a bit like there's a glitch in the matrix...
What do you get when you go to a TEDx talk by Jacques Vallee? Everything from UFO cults and synchronicities to Renaissance magic and the software of reality. Not for the faint-of-heart orthodox scientist, JV takes the audience on a wide-ranging tour of hints and suggestions that reality may not be exactly as we think it is:
The 'Melchidezek coincidence' that Jacques mentions is discussed in his book Messengers of Deception: UFO Contacts and Cults (Amazon US and Amazon UK), published by Daily Grail Publishing (I also noted that JV used part of the cover graphic from the book at the end of his talk...sweeeet).
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While the bizarre mysteries of the quantum world often get all the headlines, Einstein's special theory of relativity has its fair share of strange as well. Take a ride on the relativity rollercoaster (created by physicist Michael Hush from the Australian National University), in which the speed of light is reduced to 5m/s in order to show some of the odd effects on space and time that occur when traveling near the speed of light:
From New Scientist:
As the ride begins, you experience colour shifting caused by the Doppler effect. Your surroundings also appear distorted as objects are seen at different points in time because of the finite speed of light. Due to the extreme velocity and the effect of angular compression, you start to see objects you've already passed by.
As the rollercoaster passes over a series of bumps, colour-shifting and distortion increase and decrease. At this point, the animators ignore changes in colour to accentuate the bending and twisting of objects. As the ride descends towards a big loop, angular compression affects the horizon, which first looks like a ball, then later seems to wrap around you.
In the final segment of the ride, a column looks stretched as part of it is seen at an earlier time. "The rollercoaster is travelling at about 90 per cent of light speed," says Savage. "The viewer's position changes a lot during the time it takes light to reach the viewer from the object.
If you don't have a broadband connection, try a heavy dose of LSD for the same effect...