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For post-operative atrial fibrillation, two common treatments show equal outcomes

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:59pm
Researchers have found that two common approaches to post-operative atrial fibrillation -- rhythm control and rate control -- are equally safe and effective.
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Pituitary insufficiency is prevalent after blast concussion in military veterans

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:13pm
A study in military veterans finds that explosive blast-related concussions frequently result in hormone changes leading to problems such as sleep disturbances, fatigue, depression and poor quality of life. The research evaluated hormone levels in 41 male veterans who had been deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan.
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Anabolic steroid abuse is associated with increased systolic hypertension risk

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:12pm
Anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) abuse is associated with severe blood pressure (BP) increase and hypertension, new research reports.
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Common flame retardant chemical disrupts a hormone that is essential to life

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:12pm
Brominated fire retardants, used in many consumer products and known to cause hormonal irregularities, overstimulates an adrenal gland hormone in a way that may lead to the development of cardiovascular disease, new research in human cells finds.
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New procedure could improve success rate of cell transplant to cure type 1 diabetes

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:12pm
New research suggests pretreating cells with a peptide hormone may improve the success rate of pancreatic islet cell transplants, a procedure that holds great promise for curing Type 1 diabetes.
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In some men, taking testosterone while dieting may help lose fat, not muscle

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:12pm
In obese middle-aged men, losing weight while dieting normally depletes both fat and muscle. But adding testosterone treatment may help them lose only fat and retain their muscle, new research suggests.
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Aromatase inhibitors plus growth hormone may help short adolescent boys grow taller

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:12pm
Aromatase inhibitors, when used for up to three years in combination with growth hormone, may effectively and safely help very short adolescent boys grow taller, new research suggests.
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Early childhood antibiotics may change gut microbes and lead to adolescent prediabetes

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:12pm
Young children who take antibiotics may disrupt their gut’s microbial ecosystem and be more likely to develop prediabetes in adolescence, new research reports.
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Salmonella-based oral vaccine a promising therapy for preventing type 1 diabetes

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:12pm
A combined vaccine therapy including live Salmonella is a safe and effective way to prevent diabetes in mice and may point to future human therapies, a new study finds.
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Prolonged seizures require immediate interventions to prevent permanent damage

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:12pm
A new article provides much-needed guidance for critical care nurses and other clinicians whose patients experience continuous or recurrent seizures.
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Nanoparticles can grow in cubic shape

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:08pm
Use of nanoparticles in many applications, for instance for catalysis, relies on the surface area of the particles. Now scientists show how originally spherical nucleus can transform into cube with high surface-to-volume ratio. These nanocubes are available to be used in practice, and may interest many designers of new materials.
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Do social factors affect children’s educational achievements more than cognitive ability?

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:08pm
It could be perceived that social status can be correlated with better life chances and educational achievements for children. But is it all about the social background and income of the parents, or should children’s own cognitive abilities be taken into account? Recent research considers 4 key areas of parental social background against children’s cognitive ability to decipher their impact on educational outcomes. 
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Catching more of the sun

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:08pm
Combining quantum dots and organic molecules can enable solar cells to capture more of the sun’s light, researchers report. Light from the sun is our most abundant source of renewable energy, and learning how best to harvest this radiation is key for the world's future power needs. The scientists have discovered that the efficiency of solar cells can be boosted by combining inorganic semiconductor nanocrystals with organic molecules.
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We haven't finished with Tutankhamun's tomb yet, say scientists

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:08pm
Two new chambers have been discovered in the tomb of pharoah Tutankhamun. Now scientists are hoping that a second set of scans will confirm their presence unequivocally.
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Sushi-bar-coding in the UK: Another kettle of fish

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:08pm
Critically-endangered species of fish are being sold in sushi restaurants in the UK without adequate labeling, report researchers. Overfished species of tuna and eel are among the sushi dishes being served up without adequate information to consumers, the report outlines.
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Unnoticed sex reversal in amphibians due to artificial estrogen from pills

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:08pm
Hormonally active substances may contribute to global amphibian decline. Some compounds, for example from pharmaceuticals, occur in biologically relevant concentrations in freshwater ecosystems, and thus can affect the hormonal system and the sexual development of animals. Researchers have compared the effects of the pill estrogen ethinylestradiol (EE2) in three amphibian species. The study shows that EE2 can lead to a complete feminization of genetic males. Without molecular establishment of the genetic sex, this has remained partly unnoticed.
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Longtime mystery clarified: Transporter protein involved in renal reabsorption of cystine

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:08pm
Cystinuria occurs in one out of every 7,000 in the world, but its curative treatment has not been established. AGT1/SLC7A13, a protein, is an unknown factor that binds with the protein rBAT/SLC3A2, of which mutations may cause cystinuria leading to serious kidney failure, report researchers.
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New, cost-effective therapy on the horizon: Magnesium treatment for genetic coagulation disorder

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:07pm
An international team of scientists was able to demonstrate in mouse and patient studies, how magnesium affects the production of blood platelets and that the TRPM7 channel function plays a key role in this process.
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Terahertz technology reaches industrial maturity

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:07pm
Terahertz is a new technology in which nondestructive testing of components and surfaces is possible. Until now, these devices and, in particular, the sensor heads have been expensive and unwieldy. Researchers have now succeeded in making sensor heads more compact and, thus, cheaper, which facilitates their handling considerably.
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Real environmental data in real time for simulations

Mon, 04/04/2016 - 1:07pm
In computer aided vehicle engineering, you need accurate data on various environmental influences. This is the only way developers can conduct tests that simulate the experience of a real car. A quick and inexpensive new system collects real data at normal driving speeds and processes this data in real time as fine-grained and coarse-grained data for 3D driving simulations.
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