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Updated: 13 hours 52 min ago

Market forces influence value of bat-provided services, such as pest control

Tue, 04/02/2014 - 12:18am
Researchers studied how forces such as volatile market conditions and technological substitutes affect the value of pest control services provided by Mexican free-tailed bats on cotton production in the US. They found the services are impacted by the forces to the tune of millions of dollars.
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Hot weather deaths projected to rise 257 percent in UK by 2050s, experts warn

Tue, 04/02/2014 - 12:18am
The number of annual excess deaths caused by hot weather in England and Wales is projected to surge by 257 percent by the middle of the century, as a result of climate change and population growth, concludes research published.
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South Africa has world's highest rate of high blood pressure, study shows

Tue, 04/02/2014 - 12:18am
New research reveals that South Africa has the highest rate of high blood pressure reported among people aged 50 and over for any country in the world, at any time in history.
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Simple, at-home test will detect most colorectal cancers

Tue, 04/02/2014 - 12:18am
Tests that require patients to collect a single stool sample at home and then send it to a lab for analysis will detect about 79 percent of colorectal cancers, according to a new evidence review. The review of 19 studies examining eight different fecal immunochemical tests, know as "FITs", also finds that the tests will correctly identify about 94 percent of patients who do not have cancers of the rectum or colon.
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Feeling powerless increases the weight of the world ... literally

Tue, 04/02/2014 - 12:17am
New research shows that the more personally and socially powerless you feel the heavier objects appear to weigh. Scientists have found that people who feel powerless actually see the world differently, and find a task to be more physically challenging than those with a greater sense of personal and social power.
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Facebook: Has it created a generation of 'self-absorbed spin doctors'?

Tue, 04/02/2014 - 12:17am
Like it or loathe it, 10 years on, you can’t escape Facebook and for a generation of 20 something digital natives it has helped to create a culture of narcissism, says an academic.
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British medical tourists seeking treatment overseas without sufficient information, advice

Tue, 04/02/2014 - 12:17am
A team of researchers has found that British people traveling abroad for medical treatment are often unaware of the potential health and financial consequences they could face.
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Symptoms of depression causally linked to coronary heart disease, not to stroke

Tue, 04/02/2014 - 12:17am
A report published provides strong evidence that the symptoms of depressive disorder are causally associated with the risk of coronary heart disease, and as such should be considered a potentially modifiable risk factor for the occurrence of CHD.
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New method for tracking T cells in HIV patients

Mon, 03/02/2014 - 10:19pm
A team of researchers has reported a novel method for tracking CD4+ T cells in people infected with HIV. CD4+ T cells are critical for immune defense against an array of pathogens and are a primary target of HIV.
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Quantifying the FDA's rulemaking delays highlights need for transparency

Mon, 03/02/2014 - 10:19pm
Researchers quantify how long it takes the FDA to enact a formal rule affecting drugs, medical devices and other health-related products.
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Telemedicine service may expand access to acute medical care, study finds

Mon, 03/02/2014 - 10:18pm
Interest has grown in telemedicine programs because of a shortage of primary care providers that is likely to become worse as more Americans acquire medical coverage under the Affordable Care Act. The first assessment of a large telemedicine program finds that patients use such services for a wide assortment of acute medical problems such as respiratory illnesses and skin problems. In addition, researchers found little evidence of misdiagnosis or treatment failure among those treated.
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Better access to healthy foods not enough to tackle obesity

Mon, 03/02/2014 - 10:18pm
Government initiatives to improve access to healthy foods may have a limited impact on obesity in the US, according to new research.
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Long-term survival among patients with most common childhood brain tumor is high; lower if treatment included radiation

Mon, 03/02/2014 - 9:34pm
Study of long-term survival of children with most common pediatric brain tumor finds almost 90 percent are alive 20 years later and few died from the tumor as adults. However, children treated with radiation had significantly lower long-term survival rates than children who were not radiated.
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HIV-infected teens delaying treatment until advanced disease

Mon, 03/02/2014 - 9:34pm
Nearly half of HIV-infected teenagers and young adults forego timely treatment, delaying care until their disease has advanced, which puts them at risk for dangerous infections and long-term complications, according to a study.
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Effect of lowering blood pressure on risk for cognitive decline in patients with diabetes

Mon, 03/02/2014 - 9:34pm
Intensive blood pressure and cholesterol lowering was not associated with reduced risk for diabetes-related cognitive decline in older patients with long-standing type 2 diabetes mellitus, according to a recent study.
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Study examines consumption of added sugar, death from cardiovascular disease

Mon, 03/02/2014 - 9:34pm
Many U.S. adults consume more added sugar (added in processing or preparing of foods, not naturally occurring as in fruits and fruit juices) than expert panels recommend for a healthy diet, and consumption of added sugar was associated with increased risk for death from cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study.
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Pesticides increase risk for Parkinson's disease: Certain people may be more susceptible

Mon, 03/02/2014 - 9:34pm
Previous studies have shown the certain pesticides can increase the risk for developing Parkinson’s disease. Now, researchers have now found that the strength of that risk depends on an individual’s genetic makeup, which in the most pesticide-exposed populations could increase the chances of developing the debilitating disease by two- to six-fold.
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Data-driven team key to sustaining positive behavior framework in schools

Mon, 03/02/2014 - 8:52pm
A new study finds that a dedicated team that makes decisions based on data is crucial for launching and sustaining a framework to prevent and reduce behavioral problems in the nation's schools.
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Mechanism discovered that helps HIV evade antibodies, stabilize key proteins

Mon, 03/02/2014 - 8:52pm
Scientists have discovered a mechanism involved in stabilizing key HIV proteins and thereby concealing sites where some of the most powerful HIV neutralizing antibodies bind, findings with potential implications for HIV vaccine research.
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How shape-shifting DNA-repair machine fights cancer

Mon, 03/02/2014 - 8:52pm
Maybe you've seen the movies or played with toy Transformers, those shape-shifting machines that morph in response to whatever challenge they face. It turns out that DNA-repair machines in your cells use a similar approach to fight cancer and other diseases, according to new research.
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