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Conversation cards© a useful tool in pediatric weight management

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 6:31pm
Conversation Cards© were developed to help families think about and prioritize key challenges regarding pediatric weight management. They also create points of reference for providers, which could help to create treatment plans for families based on their priorities. Using Conversation Cards©, researchers conducted a study that reviewed the way families use the cards and how their card selections aligned with family characteristics.
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Protecting wheat from wheat blast fungus, a potentially devastating disease

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 6:31pm
Scientists have uncovered an important link to a disease which left unchecked could prove devastating to wheat.
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Archaeologists put sound back into a previously silent past

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 6:31pm
Many attempts to explain how past people experienced their wider world have focused on sight at the expense of sound, but researchers have now developed a tool that puts sound back into the ancient landscape.
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Neurodegenerative diseases: A biophysical smoking gun

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 6:31pm
While much about Alzheimer's disease remains a mystery, scientists do know that part of the disease's progression involves a normal protein called tau, aggregating to form ropelike inclusions within brain cells that eventually strangle the neurons. Yet how this protein transitions from its soluble liquid state to solid fibers has remained unknown -- until now.
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Three Gorges Dam alters downstream schistosomiasis rates

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 6:31pm
The Three Gorges Dam is a massive hydroelectric dam that spans the Yangtze River in central China and became fully operational in 2010. Ecological changes caused by the dam have altered the distribution of snails -- including those that carry the Schistosoma parasites -- researchers now report.
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Snakebites cost Sri Lanka more than $10 million annually

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 6:31pm
Snakebites are a major public health problem in many rural communities around the world, often requiring medical care and affecting victims' ability to work. Every year, snakebites cost the Sri Lankan government more than US$10 million, and lead to economic loss of nearly US$4 million for individuals, according to a new study.
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Defensive bacterial symbionts of fruit flies attack ribosomes of parasitic wasps

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 6:31pm
Bacteria of the Spiroplasma genus produce toxic, ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) that appear to protect their symbiotic host flies against parasitic wasps.
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Immune system cell clones created before birth may last for decades

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 6:31pm
Key immune system cells produced before birth may survive well into adulthood, according to new research.
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Lymph node metastases may not always be the source of cancer's spread to other organs

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 6:31pm
The traditional model for the spread of carcinoma, the deadliest form of cancer -- from the primary tumor, to nearby lymph nodes, to other organs -- may not apply in all cases, say researchers.
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Electron orbitals may hold key to unifying concept of high-temperature superconductivity

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 6:31pm
Evidence has been found for a new type of electron pairing that may broaden the search for new high-temperature superconductors. The findings provide the basis for a unifying description of how radically different copper- and iron-based 'parent' materials can develop the ability to carry electrical current with no resistance at strikingly high temperatures.
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How humans transformed wild wheat into its modern counterpart

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 6:31pm
A sophisticated sequencing study reveals genetic changes that emerged in wheat as it became domesticated by agricultural societies in the Fertile Crescent, roughly 10,000 years ago.
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First direct look at how electrons 'dance' with vibrating atoms

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 6:31pm
The first direct measurements, and by far the most precise ones, have been made of how electrons move in sync with atomic vibrations rippling through an exotic material, as if they were dancing to the same beat. The new way to study materials shows this 'electron-phonon coupling' can be far stronger than predicted, and could potentially play a role in unconventional superconductivity.
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Exposing newborn mice to general anesthetic disrupts brain development

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 6:31pm
New research now shows that early postnatal mice exposed to isoflurane -- a standard and widely used inhaled general anesthetic agent -- leads to chronic, abnormal activation of the mTOR pathway, a signaling system critical for normal brain development.
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New method to fight malaria found by scientists

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 6:31pm
Scientists have discovered a new way to slow down malaria infections, providing a possible new target for antimalarial drugs. The team are already working with pharmaceutical companies to use this knowledge to develop new antimalarials -- an important step in the battle against drug resistant malaria.
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Preschoolers learn from math games, to a point

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 6:30pm
What is the best way to help poor schoolchildren succeed at math? A study now sheds light on the ways preschool activities may -- or may not -- help children develop cognitive skills.
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Antioxidants against sepsis

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 6:00pm
During sepsis, cells are swamped with reactive oxygen species generated in an aberrant response of the immune system to a local infection. If this fatal inflammatory path could be interfered, new treatment schemes could be developed. Now, scientists report that zirconia-doped ceria nanoparticles act as effective scavengers of these oxygen radicals, promoting a greatly enhanced surviving rate in sepsis model organisms.
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Hormonal changes during early development limit lifespan in mice

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 5:50pm
A new study could help inform future health care management during early life and the development of interventions aimed at improving quality of life for older individuals.
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'Weedy' fish species to take over our future oceans

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 5:50pm
The ocean acidification expected in the future will reduce fish diversity significantly, with small ‘weedy’ species dominating marine environments, researchers have demonstrated for the first time.
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Eyewitness recollection easily distorted by the views of others

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 5:46pm
It is human nature to give added credence to the views of family and friends. But this could lead to inaccurate eyewitness statements in court cases and therefore potential miscarriages of justice, argues an American lecturer, who is calling on police and the courts to take this factor into account.
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How to make 'your own supernova'

Thu, 06/07/2017 - 4:50pm
Researchers are using the largest, most intense lasers on the planet, to for the first time, show the general public how to recreate the effects of supernovae, in a laboratory.
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