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People estimate their own abilities based on others' performance

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 4:28pm
Ratings of our own abilities are strongly influenced by the performance of others, according to a new study. Interacting with high performers makes us feel more capable in cooperative team settings, but less competent in competitive situations. Moreover, the degree of 'self-other-mergence' is associated with activity in a brain region previously implicated in theory of mind -- the ability to understand the mental states of oneself and others.
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Changes in brain activity after mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in adolescents

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 2:54pm
Researchers are studying how cognitive therapy that uses mindfulness techniques, such as meditation, quiet reflection and facilitator-led discussion, may serve as an adjunct to pharmacological treatments for youth with anxiety disorders.
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Indoor tanning rates among New Jersey teens remain stable following state enactment of under age 17 ban

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 2:54pm
Research shows no significant decline in indoor tanning rates among children under age 17 following a ban on such use in New Jersey enacted in 2013. The authors say it’s a finding that underscores a need for continued surveillance of this population and ongoing monitoring of indoor tanning facilities.
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Wolves seeks refuge from hunters during breeding periods

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 2:53pm
Wolves lower the risk of interacting with humans during the reproduction period -- when they are most vulnerable -- and adopt some similar behaviors in their areas, from Alaska to India and Afghanistan, according to a new study.
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Birds on top of the world, with nowhere to go

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 2:53pm
Climate change could make much of the Arctic unsuitable for millions of migratory birds that travel north to breed each year, according to a new international study. Suitable breeding conditions for Arctic shorebirds could collapse by 2070, according to biologists.
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Using bed bug shed skins to combat the pest

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 2:53pm
The shed skins of bed bugs retain the 'obnoxious sweetness' smell often associated with the pests, a finding that could potentially be used to combat infestations of the insects, new research suggests.
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Infections, antibiotic use linked to manic episodes in people with serious mental illness

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 2:53pm
In research using patient medical records, investigators report that people with serious mental disorders who were hospitalized for mania were more likely to be on antibiotics to treat active infections than a group of people without a mental disorder.
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New treatment developed to prevent nausea, vomiting caused by chemo

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 2:53pm
A drug that blocks neurotransmitters could reduce nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy, new research has found.
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World first discovery gets to the heart of birth defects

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 2:52pm
For the first time, scientists believe they've discovered a cause of multiple types of birth defects triggered by environmental stresses. The breakthrough shows that cellular stress could be the key to understanding why many babies are born with defects of the heart, vertebrae and kidney, among others.
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Functionalized surfaces with tailored wettability determine Influenza A infectivity

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 2:52pm
Findings of a research team may pave the way for the design of new and more effective antimicrobial surfaces. These insights constitute the basis for guiding the design and development of new surfaces with higher antiviral activity that can be important for applications in public and/or sensitive environments such as in hospitals.
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Diseases that run in families not all down to genes, study shows

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 2:52pm
Family history of disease may be as much the result of shared lifestyle and surroundings as inherited genes, research has shown. Factors that are common to the family environment -- such as shared living space and common eating habits -- can make a major contribution to a person's risk of disease, the study found.
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New sun cream compound offers unprecedented protection against UVA radiation

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 2:50pm
A new wonder compound offers unprecedented protection against the harmful effects of UVA radiation in sunlight, which include photo-ageing, cell damage and cancer.
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Female birds call the shots in divorce

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 2:50pm
Research is shedding new light on the causes of divorce in monogamous year-round territorial birds. A new study of the endangered Purple-crowned Fairy-wren has discovered the females are calling the shots when it comes to breaking up.
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Garnet-type fast ionic conductor for all-solid-state lithium battery

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 2:50pm
A garnet-type, fast ionic conducting oxide has been created by scientists. The developed garnet-type oxide showed not only high ionic conductivity around 1 mS/cm at room temperature, but also high electrochemical stability. Using this material as a solid electrolyte, an all-solid-state lithium battery was fabricated and its reversible charge and discharge reaction was demonstrated successfully. This finding contributes to the realization of highly safe, rechargeable batteries for large-scale power sources.
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North American forests unlikely to save us from climate change

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 2:50pm
An unprecedented study combining projections of future climate with more than two million tree-ring records spanning all of North America suggests that forests ache more and more under the burden of climate change. The resulting detailed forecast map for the continent reveals up to 75 percent slower growth projected for trees in the southwestern US, along the Rockies, through interior Canada and Alaska.
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Scientists review methods to prevent bites, suppress ticks that transmit Lyme disease

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 2:50pm
Decades of scientific literature on the effectiveness of various methods of preventing bites and controlling ticks that transmit Lyme disease has been reviewed by a research team, and outlined in a new report.
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FDA approves scalpel-free brain surgery for tremor

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 1:50pm
The Food and Drug Administration has approved the first focused ultrasound device to treat essential tremor, the most common movement disorder, in patients who do not respond to medication. The scalpel-free approach has been demonstrated to show the safety and effectiveness of the device.
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'Us versus them' social traits may have evolved in monkeys before humans

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 1:46pm
Our closest primate relatives may have evolved “us versus them” social traits as a means to cope with competition from rival groups of monkeys long before this behavior first occurred in humans, new research suggests.
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Social robots: Programmable by everyone

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 1:46pm
Social robots can be used in the educational or health system, where they would support trainers and therapists in their work. The robots can be programmed to practice vocabulary with children or to make rehabilitation exercises with stroke patients.
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A chair for getting fit and trim

Wed, 20/07/2016 - 1:46pm
Getting fit and athletic -- while sitting? Researchers are developing an active chair. At first glance, the chair looks just like another other reclining chair with a footrest you would find in a living room in front of the TV. But upon closer inspection, the chair is actually connected to a virtual avatar and has all manner of technical refinements.
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