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Financial relationships between biomedical companies and organizations

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 8:52pm
Sixty-three percent of organizations that published clinical practice guidelines on the National Guideline Clearinghouse website in 2012 reported receiving funds from biomedical companies, but these relationships were seldom disclosed in the guidelines, according to a new study.
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Improving cell transplantation after spinal cord injury: When, where and how?

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 8:52pm
Spinal cord injuries are mostly caused by trauma, often incurred in road traffic or sporting incidents, often with devastating and irreversible consequences. According to a systematic analysis of 49 animal studies researchers found that after experimental spinal cord injury, transplanting olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) into the site of damage significantly improves locomotor performance.
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Leaving the electrical grid in the Upper Peninsula

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 6:34pm
While Michigan’s Upper Peninsula is not the sunniest place in the world, solar energy is viable in the region. With new technologies, some people might be inclined to leave the electrical grid. A team of researchers looked into the economic viability of grid defection in the Upper Peninsula.
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Algorithm could help detect, reduce power grid faults

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 6:34pm
The power grid is aging, overburdened and seeing more faults than ever, according to many experts. Any of those breaks could easily lead to prolonged power outages or even equipment damage. Now researchers have demonstrated that the Singular Spectrum Analysis (SSA) algorithm may be the best tool to help authorities remotely detect and locate power grid faults.
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Newly discovered gene regulates hyperglycemia-induced beta cell death in type 2 diabetes

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 6:33pm
Elevated levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia) can induce the death of the pancreatic beta cells over time. The death of these cells (responsible for the production of insulin) underlies much of the pathology of diabetes. Exactly how and why they die is not fully understood, but a new research report sheds light on the answer and a new therapeutic target.
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Mantis shrimp inspires next generation of ultra-strong materials

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 6:33pm
Researchers are one step closer to developing super strong composite materials, thanks to the mantis shrimp, a small, multicolored marine crustacean that crushes the shells of its prey using a fist-like appendage called a dactyl club. Their latest research describes for the first time a unique herringbone structure, not previously reported in nature, within the appendage's outer layer.
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Many patients continue using opioids months after joint replacement

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 6:33pm
Many patients undergoing hip or knee replacement are still taking prescription opioid pain medications up to six months after surgery, reports a new study.
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Risk of international spread of yellow fever re-assessed in light of the ongoing outbreaks

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 6:33pm
The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control has updated its rapid risk assessment on the outbreak of yellow fever with the latest developments, more comprehensive information on the current situation in Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Uganda and an extended threat assessment for the EU. Some of the data used in the assessment were collected during a mission to Angola in May 2016.
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Urine sample could be used to diagnose complex, serious pregnancy disorder

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 6:32pm
Scientists have developed a non-invasive method to diagnose preeclampsia -- a complex condition which occurs during pregnancy.
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Tiny probe could produce big improvements in batteries and fuel cells

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 6:32pm
The key to needed improvements in the quest for better batteries and fuels cells likely lies in the nanoscale, a realm so tiny that the movement of a few atoms or molecules can shift the landscape. A team researchers has built a new window into this world to help scientists better understand how batteries really work.
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Professor's new study emphasizes the impact of leaders' language

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 6:32pm
The language of leaders has a profound effect on the performance of their employees, new research shows. The research shows that how a company presents its vision and values is deeply entwined with its overall success.
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'Super Mario Brothers' is harder than NP-hard

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 6:32pm
Completing a game of 'Super Mario Brothers' can be hard -- very, very hard. That's the conclusion of a new paper that shows that the problem of solving a level in 'Super Mario Brothers' is as hard as the hardest problems in the 'complexity class' PSPACE.
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Hydrothermal vents, methane seeps play enormous role in marine life, global climate

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 6:32pm
The hydrothermal vents and methane seeps on the ocean floor that were once thought to be geologic and biological oddities are now emerging as a major force in ocean ecosystems, marine life and global climate. And through their methane consumption, the life forms living at these vents are helping to prevent potentially catastrophic greenhouse problems.
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Turning human waste into next generation biofuel

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 5:11pm
Researchers have found a new way to convert human waste into renewable energy sources.
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Mapping the defects of a supermaterial

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 5:11pm
Scientists have developed a technique that allows them to visualize defects on the surface of graphene. The technique may ultimately help scientists develop a better understanding of graphene’s properties in order to find novel applications for this supermaterial.
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Optical fiber monitoring key to waste oil recycling

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 5:11pm
Scientists are harnessing advanced fiber-sensor technologies to increase productivity and process safety in the waste oil recycling process.
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RNA simulations boost understanding of retroviral diseases

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 5:09pm
New molecular dynamics research into how RNA folds into hairpin-shaped structures called tetraloops could provide important insights into new treatments for retroviral diseases.
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‘Weak’ Materials Offer Strong Possibilities for Electronics

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 5:09pm
New fundamental research by physicists may accelerate the drive toward more advanced electronics and more powerful computers. The scientists are investigating materials called topological insulators, whose surface electrical properties are essentially the opposite of the properties inside.
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Study paves way for new therapies in fight against calcium disorders

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 5:08pm
New insights have been gained into the molecular basis of human diseases resulting from mutations in the calcium-sensing receptor, a protein found in cell membranes.
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Brain's trigger for binge behavior

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 5:08pm
Rats that responded to cues for sugar with the speed and excitement of binge-eaters were less motivated for the treat when certain neurons were suppressed, researchers discovered.
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