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Brain shrinkage in multiple sclerosis associated with leaked protein in blood

Tue, 13/12/2016 - 12:41pm
A leak of a protein called haemoglobin from damaged red blood cells may be associated with brain shrinkage in multiple sclerosis, report scientists.
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Study offers approach to treating pain

Tue, 13/12/2016 - 12:41pm
For many patients with chronic pain, any light touch – even just their clothes touching their skin – can be agony. Scientists have found a possible new avenue for producing painkillers that specifically treat this kind of pain. They discovered how the stiffness of our nerve cells influences sensitivity to touch and pain.
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Young, thin and hyperactive: That's what outlier galaxies look like

Tue, 13/12/2016 - 12:41pm
The more massive, or full of stars, a galaxy is, the faster the stars in it are formed. This seems to be the general rule, which is contradicted, however, by some abnormal cases, for example thin (not massive) galaxies that are hyperactive in their star formation. Until now the phenomenon had been explained by catastrophic external events like galaxies colliding and merging, but a new theory offers an alternative explanation, related to an in situ (internal) process of galaxy evolution.
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Promising approach for prognosis, treatment in mastocytosis

Tue, 13/12/2016 - 12:40pm
Systemic mastocytosis is a rare, incurable disease that affects approximately one in every 10,000 people. It is a haematological tumor disease, similar to leukemia, in which the bone marrow and other organs, such as the bowel, liver or spleen, are infiltrated by mast cells. In the animal model, researchers have now discovered a new prognostic and therapeutic approach that could at least help to prevent rapid progression of the disease.
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It's basic: Alternative fuel cell technology reduces cost

Mon, 12/12/2016 - 9:00pm
The best road to zero-emission vehicles lies in fuel-cell technology. It preserves the advantages of gasoline automobiles, with low upfront costs, long driving range and fast refueling. But he also believes a new fuel-cell technology may be necessary. A new paper offers a strategic roadmap.
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How does water melt? Layer by layer!

Mon, 12/12/2016 - 8:59pm
Scientists have solved a controversial question concerning the melting of ice: it melts in a layer-by-layer fashion.
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What satellites can tell us about how animals will fare in a changing climate

Mon, 12/12/2016 - 8:59pm
From the Arctic to the Mojave Desert, terrestrial and marine habitats are quickly changing. Satellites are particularly well-suited to observe habitat transformation and help scientists forecast what animals might do next, suggest experts.
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Researchers explain why feather shafts change shape when under stress

Mon, 12/12/2016 - 8:59pm
Researchers,for the first time, have revealed why the shape of the feather shaft changes from round to square when it's put under stress.
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Kangaroo mother care helps premature babies thrive 20 years later

Mon, 12/12/2016 - 8:59pm
Better behaved, larger brains, higher paychecks: a new groundbreaking study finds that Kangaroo Mother Care has enduring benefits 20 years later.
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Type of psychotherapy matters in treatment of irritable bowel syndrome

Mon, 12/12/2016 - 8:27pm
The type of psychotherapy used to treat the gastrointestinal disorder irritable bowel syndrome makes a difference in improving patients' daily functioning, new research has found.
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Having a Meltdown at Work? Blame It on Your Passion

Mon, 12/12/2016 - 8:27pm
A novel strategy to save your professional reputation is outlined in a new report: Reframe your distress as passion for the project.
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Sawdust reinvented into super sponge for oil spills

Mon, 12/12/2016 - 8:26pm
Oil spills could be cleaned up in the icy, rough waters of the Arctic with a chemically modified sawdust material that absorbs up to five times its weight in oil and stays afloat for at least four months.
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Hydraulic fracturing fluids affect water chemistry from gas wells

Mon, 12/12/2016 - 8:25pm
Pressure, temperature and fluid composition play an important role in the amount of metals and other chemicals found in wastewaters from hydraulically fractured gas reservoirs, according to researchers.
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Researchers' findings offer clue on how to block biofilm shields of bacterial infections

Mon, 12/12/2016 - 8:25pm
Fatty acids known as oxylipins play a critical role in the formation of the biofilm shield that protects disease-causing bacteria from antibiotics, research reveals for the first time.
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New nonsurgical repair of the most common heart defect found in extremely premature newborns shown to be effective

Mon, 12/12/2016 - 8:25pm
A new minimally invasive technique for repairing the most common cardiac birth defect in extremely premature newborns can be performed safely with a high success rate in babies as small as 755 grams – about 1.6 pounds – only a few days after birth.
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Mystery molecule is a key to inhibiting colon cancer

Mon, 12/12/2016 - 8:24pm
Scientists tracking the protective role of the protein called NLRC3 have discovered multiple targets for drugs to switch on the cell's machinery to thwart colon cancer, outlines a new report.
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Neurons paralyze us during REM sleep

Mon, 12/12/2016 - 8:24pm
During REM sleep, the brain inhibits the motor system, which makes the sleeper completely immobile. Researchers have identified a population of neurons that is responsible for this transient muscle paralysis. The animal model created will shed light on the origin of some paradoxical sleep disorders, and more particularly the condition that prevents this paralysis. It will also be most useful in the study of Parkinson's disease, since these pathologies are related.
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Mitigating the risk of geoengineering

Mon, 12/12/2016 - 8:24pm
The planet is warming at an unprecedented rate and reducing emissions of greenhouse gasses alone is not enough to remove the risk, say experts.
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Drinking 'settings' tied to college sexual assault

Mon, 12/12/2016 - 6:46pm
Although alcohol is believed to play a role in college sexual assaults, there is no evidence that male students' binge drinking per se boosts their odds of becoming a perpetrator, according to a study.
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Anesthetic cream best for relieving vaccination pain in infants

Mon, 12/12/2016 - 6:46pm
For babies under age one year, lidocaine cream, combined with a small amount of sugar given by mouth and infant soothing, can help relieve pain from routine vaccinations, according to a study.
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