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Study paves the way for Clostridium difficile treatment in pill form

Tue, 14/03/2017 - 12:16pm
Frozen and freeze-dried products for Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) are nearly as effective as fresh product at treating patients with Clostridium difficile (C-diff) infection, according to researchers.
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Increased risk of postop infection when surgery closely follows epidural steroid injection

Tue, 14/03/2017 - 12:16pm
Patients may wish to take a one- to three-month break from lumbar epidural steroid injections (LESIs) before undergoing lumbar spinal fusion surgery. Why? An increased risk of infection has been identified when LESIs are administered within 3 months prior to surgery.
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Greenhouse gases: First it was cows, now it's larvae

Tue, 14/03/2017 - 12:16pm
A certain species of larva uses methane to propel itself, and it is even possible that this mechanism is accelerating the release of gases into the atmosphere and magnifying global warming, scientists have discovered. The research demonstrates the negative role played by the larvae not just in global warming but also in disturbing the sedimentary layers at the bottom of lakes.
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Study casts doubt on whether internet filters in the home protect teenagers online

Tue, 14/03/2017 - 12:16pm
A new study finds no link between household internet filters and the likelihood of the teenagers in those households being better protected from unpleasant online material.
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Experts find strong case for over-the-counter oral contraceptives for adults and teens

Tue, 14/03/2017 - 12:16pm
A team of pediatric, adolescent and women's health experts concludes that regulatory, behavioral and scientific evidence supports switching oral contraceptives from prescription-only status to over-the-counter (OTC) availability.
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Conducting the Milgram experiment in Poland, psychologists show people still obey

Tue, 14/03/2017 - 12:15pm
A replication of one of the most widely known obedience studies, the Stanley Milgram experiment, shows that even today, people are still willing to harm others in pursuit of obeying authority.
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Louisiana wetlands struggling with sea-level rise 4 times the global average

Tue, 14/03/2017 - 12:15pm
Without major efforts to rebuild Louisiana's wetlands, particularly in the westernmost part of the state, there is little chance that the coast will be able to withstand the accelerating rate of sea-level rise, a new study concludes.
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Buzzing the brain with electricity can boost working memory

Tue, 14/03/2017 - 12:15pm
Scientists have uncovered a method for improving short-term working memory, by stimulating the brain with electricity to synchronize brain waves.
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Power of shared pain triggers extreme self-sacrifice

Tue, 14/03/2017 - 12:15pm
The extreme self-sacrificial behavior found in suicide bombers and soldiers presents an evolutionary puzzle: how can a trait that calls for an individual to make the ultimate sacrifice, especially in defense of a group of non-kin, persist over evolutionary time?
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Defect in non-coding DNA might trigger brain disorders such as severe language impairment

Tue, 14/03/2017 - 12:15pm
Genetic variation in the non-coding DNA could give rise to language impairments in children and other neurodevelopmental disorders including schizophrenia, autism, and bipolar disorder, scientists have found.
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Major research project provides new clues to schizophrenia

Tue, 14/03/2017 - 12:15pm
Researchers are taking an integrative approach to unravel the disease mechanisms of schizophrenia. In the very first results, the researchers show that patients with schizophrenia have lower levels of the vital neurotransmitter GABA as well as changes in the brain's immune cells.
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Female soccer players suffer the most concussions in high school sports

Tue, 14/03/2017 - 12:15pm
High school girls have a significantly higher concussion rate than boys, with female soccer players suffering the most concussions, according to new research.
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Enlarged prostate later in life could stem from fetal development early on

Mon, 13/03/2017 - 11:27pm
Embryonic tissue, key to the development of a baby’s gender, could contribute to an enlarged prostate, or BPH, in men later in life, new research suggests.
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400,000-year-old fossil human cranium is oldest ever found in Portugal

Mon, 13/03/2017 - 11:27pm
Researchers have found the oldest fossil human cranium in Portugal, marking an important contribution to knowledge of human evolution during the middle Pleistocene in Europe and to the origin of the Neanderthals.
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Scientists predict crime knowledge states in the human brain

Mon, 13/03/2017 - 11:27pm
Scientists and lawyers speak different languages, but there is common ground. Scientists working in a multi-institutional team with legal authorities have discovered that brain imaging can determine whether someone is acting in a state of knowledge about a crime.
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Hydrogen on demand

Mon, 13/03/2017 - 11:27pm
Using solar energy, researchers have developed a new method for safely and efficiently producing hydrogen in a centralized manner, miles away from the solar farm. It could greatly reduce the cost of producing hydrogen and shipping it to customers.
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Study indicates promising new approach to prevent and treat cholesterol gallstones

Mon, 13/03/2017 - 11:25pm
A new study reports on a promising new approach to prevent and treat cholesterol gallstone disease (CGD) that reduces the biliary output of cholesterol via activation of receptors present in tissues of the liver and small intestine.
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A novel protein regulates cancer immunity and could offer a therapeutic target

Mon, 13/03/2017 - 8:18pm
The protein moesin could be a target for cancer immunotherapy. New data suggest that moesin promotes conversion of naive T cells into regulatory T cells that suppress the immune response against cancer. Inhibiting moesin could help restore the anti-tumor T cell response and also improve the survival of cancer-killing CD8+ cells after adoptive T cell transfer.
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Hodgkin lymphoma survivors at high risk of second cancers

Mon, 13/03/2017 - 8:18pm
Patients who are cured of Hodgkin lymphoma are at a high risk of developing a second type of cancer, particularly if they have a family history of the disease, a major new study reports.
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Fish oil supplements may help prevent death after MI but lack evidence of CV benefit for general population

Mon, 13/03/2017 - 8:18pm
Omega-3 fish oil supplements prescribed by a healthcare provider may be reasonable for patients who have had a heart attack. Patients with heart failure may also benefit from supplementation with omega-3 fish oil. However, there is a lack of evidence that omega-3 fish oil supplements prevent cardiovascular diseases in the general population.
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