Canine influenza transmitted to cats in Midwestern shelter

Science Daily - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 12:07pm
It may be called canine influenza, but an expert has confirmed that the virus that sickened a large number of dogs in the Midwest last year has now infected a group of cats in the region.
Categories: Science

The Artist Using Museums to Amplify Tor’s Anonymity Network

Wired News - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 12:00pm
A growing number of museums are installing Trevor Paglen's Tor node sculptures, offering their Internet bandwidth to the cause of online anonymity. The post The Artist Using Museums to Amplify Tor's Anonymity Network appeared first on WIRED.









Categories: Science

If Hitomi is Lost, What Science is Lost With It? (Op-Ed)

Space.com - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 12:00pm
Hope remains to save Hitomi — if the craft is lost, science faces a setback.
Categories: Science

Jeff Bezos' Blue Origin to Launch Reusable Rocket Again Saturday

Space.com - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 11:56am
The private spaceflight company, which was established by Amazon.com founder Jeff Bezos, aims to launch its New Shepard rocket to suborbital space, and bring it back to Earth in a soft landing, for the third time Saturday (April 2).
Categories: Science

Did public opinion of immigration take a negative turn during the recession?

Science Daily - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 11:52am
Increasingly popularity of right-wing political parties has not been because of an increase in anti-immigrant sentiment, suggests a new report.
Categories: Science

Crafting a sustainable future for humanity

Science Daily - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 11:51am
Global efforts to protect the planet will fail unless we take concepts like equality and wellbeing into account, according to a new article.
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Hard mathematical problems as basis for new cryptographic techniques

Science Daily - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 11:51am
New cryptographic algorithms have been created that are based on particularly hard mathematical problems. They would be virtually unbreakable, say investigators.
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Study on the assessment of students: Overcoming bias in decision making

Science Daily - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 11:51am
Even experienced teachers may be involuntarily affected by psychological bias related to pupils’ ethnicity. This could affect key decisions related to a child’s educational career. Researchers have shown that these biases can be overcome.
Categories: Science

Tactile power steering for order picking carts

Science Daily - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 11:51am
Vehicles in logistics centers will be more intuitive to steer in the future, thus making work easier and safer. “Tactile” handles will make this possible: They employ pressure sensors to detect the direction in which a user is pushing or pulling the cart. Whenever there is a risk of a collision, the cart stops immediately.
Categories: Science

Radar with 360° vision

Science Daily - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 11:51am
Nowadays it is impossible to imagine industry without robots. Safety laser scanners mostly safeguard dangerous areas and protect people from collisions. But optical sensors have their limitations, for instance when plastic surfaces, dust or smoke obstruct their line of sight. Researchers have now developed a new, high-frequency radar scanner that cuts through these obstacles. It can monitor its environment in a 360-degree radius, making it ideal for safety applications wherever people and robots work together.
Categories: Science

The Moon may play a major role in maintaining Earth's magnetic field

Science Daily - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 11:51am
The Earth's magnetic field permanently protects us from the charged particles and radiation that originate in the Sun. This shield is produced by the geodynamo, the rapid motion of huge quantities of liquid iron alloy in the Earth's outer core. To maintain this magnetic field until the present day, the classical model required the Earth's core to have cooled by around 3 000 °C over the past 4.3 billion years. Now, astronomers suggest that, on the contrary, its temperature has fallen by only 300 °C. The action of the Moon, overlooked until now, is thought to have compensated for this difference and kept the geodynamo active.
Categories: Science

New insights in blood vessel formation

Science Daily - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 11:51am
How vascular tubes build, maintain and adapt continuously perfused lumens to meet local metabolic needs remains poorly understood. Recent studies showed that blood flow itself plays a critical role in the remodelling of vascular networks and suggested it is also required for the lumenization of new vascular connections. However, it is still unknown how haemodynamic forces contribute to the formation of new vascular lumens during blood vessel morphogenesis.
Categories: Science

Climate change drives UK wine production but not without weather shocks

Science Daily - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 11:44am
The idea of climate change turning the UK into a viable wine-making region may have boosted the industry in recent years. But cold snaps, sharp frosts and downpours threaten productivity. Research reveals that year-to-year climate variability and hazardous weather at key points in the growing season leave the industry highly sensitive to the elements. It also suggests that in vogue varieties (Chardonnay and Pinot noir) are more susceptible to UK climate variability than traditional varieties.
Categories: Science

Infants born prematurely may show less interest in others

Science Daily - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 11:44am
Researchers found evidence that babies born prematurely are less interested in other people compared to infants born full-term, when tested at 6 and 12 months of age. The study adds further insight into recent reports about the links between premature birth and autism.
Categories: Science

We now live in a world in which more people are obese than underweight, major global analysis reveals

Science Daily - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 11:44am
In the past 40 years, there has been a startling increase in the number of obese people worldwide -- rising from 105 million in 1975 to 641 million in 2014, according to the most comprehensive analysis of trends in body mass index to date.
Categories: Science

Monetary incentives for healthy behavior can pay off, says study

Science Daily - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 11:44am
Monetary rewards for healthy behavior can pay off both in the pocketbook and in positive psychological factors like internal motivation, according to a new study.
Categories: Science

Mars Life Hunt: Could Basin Host Remains of an Ancient Biosphere?

Space.com - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 11:44am
The huge Argyre basin in southern Mars contains a wealth of ingredients thought necessary for the evolution of life, and should be a prime target for a tier of future missions, study team members said.
Categories: Science

Professional burnout associated with physicians limiting practice

Science Daily - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 11:37am
At a time when the nation is facing projected physician shortages, a study shows an association between burnout and declining professional satisfaction with physicians reducing the number of hours they devote to clinical practice.
Categories: Science

Lifting the veil on sex: Can males be less expensive?

Science Daily - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 11:37am
Males can 'cost' less when there is a higher proportion of females, a result that may have broad implications for studies of the evolution and sustainability of sexual reproduction.
Categories: Science

Coffee consumption linked to decreased risk of colorectal cancer

Science Daily - Fri, 01/04/2016 - 11:37am
Researchers have found that coffee consumption, including decaf, instant and espresso, decreases the risk of colorectal cancer. Moreover, these benefits increase the more coffee you drink.
Categories: Science