Threading the way to touch-sensitive robots

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:40pm
Smart threads can be woven into pressure-sensitive electronic skin for robots or medical prosthetics.
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Nanotech extends shelf life of fresh fruit

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:40pm
An international research team is developing nanotechnology-based applications of hexanal, a natural plant extract that extends the storage life of harvested fruit.
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Map of diamond-boron bond paves way for new materials

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:40pm
Scientists have successfully recorded the atomic bonds between diamond and cubic boron nitride: the hardest known materials on Earth. This feat could ultimately lead to the design of new types of semiconductors, they say.
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A mathematical analysis of urban traffic models clarifies dispute over which approach is best

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:40pm
A long-running debate among traffic engineers has been resolved by researchers who have discovered that two seemingly very different models of traffic flow in cities actually have similar underlying mathematical structures.
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Graphene-based thermal modulators

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:40pm
Squeezing graphene is a way to control its heat conduction, paving the way to harvesting waste heat for power.
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Compound eye for high-density 3D imaging

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:38pm
A system named "Compound eye for high-density 3D imaging" has now been developed by researchers. This innovation was inspired by the physiological structure of flies' compound eyes. Applying ultra-precision rolled plate machining technology, this low-cost system realizes higher quality of images, say the researchers.
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Gold dust to control stem cells

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:38pm
Modified gold nanoparticles can be used to control the differentiation of stem cells into bone, researchers have demonstrated.
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Successful demonstration of nonvolatile memory sub-nanosecond operation spells good news for Internet of Things

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:38pm
A research team has demonstrated he sub-nanosecond operation of a nonvolatile magnetic memory device.
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The dopamine advantage

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:38pm
The junctions between nerve cells responsible for releasing and receiving dopamine in the brain are a surprising mismatch that gives this chemical a strong competitive advantage, report researchers.
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Potential drug target identified for Zika, similar viruses

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:37pm
A single gene pathway that is vital for Zika and other flaviviruses to spread infection between cells has now been identified by researchers. Further, they showed that shutting down a single gene in this pathway -- in both human and insect cells -- does not negatively affect the cells themselves and renders flaviviruses unable to leave the infected cell, curbing the spread of infection.
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Laser manipulates electronic properties

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:37pm
A new semiconducting material that is only three atomic-layers thick has emerged with more exotic, malleable electronic properties than those of traditional semiconductors.
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Bone artifacts suggest early adoption of poison-tipped arrow technology in Eastern Africa

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:36pm
Researchers studying bone artifacts have discovered in the Kuumbi Cave, Zanzibar, have found evidence to suggest that bone tools were used for hunting, and even as poison arrow tips. The findings suggest that bone technology was a central element to the Kuumbi Cave's inhabitants over 13,000 years ago.
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Fetal BPA exposure in mice linked to estrogen-related diseases after adolescence

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:36pm
The genome is permanently altered in the uterus of mice that had been exposed to BPA during their fetal development, new research indicates.
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Exercise may have therapeutic potential for expediting muscle repair in older populations

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:36pm
Here's another reason why you should hit the gym regularly as you grow older: a new report shows that regular exercise plays a critical role in helping muscles repair themselves as quickly as possible after injury. After only eight weeks of exercise, old mice experienced faster muscle repair and regained more muscle mass than those of the same age that had not exercised.
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Circuit technology that resolves issues with high-frequency piezoelectric resonators

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:35pm
Scientists have developed a new algorithm and circuit technology allowing high-frequency piezoelectric resonators to be used for phase locked loops (PLL). It was confirmed that these operate with low noise and have an excellent Figure of Merit compared to conventional PLLs.
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Unveiling the distinctive features of a promising industrial microorganism

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:35pm
A research team has deciphered the genome sequence of C. tyrobutyricum and its proteome profiles during the course of batch fermentation. As a result, the research team learned that the bacterium is not only capable of producing a large amount of butyric acid but also can tolerate toxic compounds such as 1-butanol.
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Mother mongooses may risk death to protect unborn children

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:35pm
Mothers will do anything to protect their children, but mongooses go a step further. Mongooses risk their own survival to protect their unborn children through a remarkable ability to adapt their own bodies, says new research.
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Rapid risk assessment outlines actions to reduce the spread of the mcr-1 gene

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:35pm
In a rapid risk assessment, researchers outline a number of actions that need to be considered to reduce identified risks of mcr-1 spread. These include improved laboratory methods for colistin resistance testing and mcr-1 detection, improved surveillance, options for appropriate clinical management, and actions to prevent transmission in healthcare settings as well as in the community.
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Safety-net hospitals remain vital resource for minority patients following health reform

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:35pm
The proportion of discharges among minority patients receiving inpatient care at minority-serving hospitals in Massachusetts increased after the implementation of health insurance reform measures which expanded access to care in non-safety net hospitals. This research suggests that minority-serving hospitals remain an important and vital component of the health care system and may benefit greatly from interventions such as raising Medicaid reimbursement rates.
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E-cigarettes: Gateway or roadblock to cigarette smoking?

Science Daily - Fri, 17/06/2016 - 3:35pm
New research on e-cigarettes and young people has been presented by experts. In detailed qualitative interviews with young people aged 16 to 25 across Scotland and England, the majority of participants viewed e-cigarettes as having reduced - not increased - the possibility of both themselves and other people smoking.
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