A summary of all the stories and news briefs posted on The Daily Grail over the past week. Feel free to share anything interesting!
- Supercut of References to Movies of the 70s and 80s Made in Netflix's Stranger Things
- News Briefs 08-08-2016 (Monday)
- Special Effects Legend Douglas Trumbull Talks About How He Has Created a System for Capturing UFOs
- News Briefs 09-08-2016 (Tuesday)
- Tabby's Star: Is It Beginning To Look A Lot Like Aliens?
- News Briefs 10-08-2016 (Wednesday)
- ESP in EEG? Study Finds That People's Brains Show a Neural Spike When a Friend's Brain is Stimulated
- News Briefs 11-08-2016 (Thursday)
- Fear and Loathing In Russia: Artificial Intelligences Made To Feel Emotions
- News Briefs 12-08-2016 (Friday)
Have a good weekend!
“Nirvana is a state of pure blissful knowledge.”
- The reality of the Continuity Equation.
- Was Venus habitable?
- The flooded canyons of Titan.
- Solar storm nearly caused WWIII in 1967.
- Eternal sunshine of the spotless mice.
- Scientists create quantum computer.
- Ancient earthwork uncovered in Spain.
- Proton radius puzzle solution still elusive.
- Unraveling a historic scientific hoax.
- Timber-henge revealed.
- A 400 yr. old shark.
- Shade cast on chem-trails.
- When lightning storms strike…
- This week’s evidence of the looming robot uprising… Bot’ handwriting.
Quote of the Day:
“No self is of itself alone. It has a long chain of intellectual ancestors. The "I" is chained to ancestry by many factors … This is not mere allegory, but an eternal memory.”
If you're afraid of artificial intelligences, like Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk, the tables are about to get turned. Researchers at Kazan Federal University made an artificial rat brain feel fear and disgust, and they're hoping to model more emotions soon.
An interdisciplinary team led by Maxim Talanov are modelling emotional states in a simulated rat brain using Lővheim's cube of emotion. Along the three axes of the cube of emotion are the neurotransmitters dopamine, serotonin, and noradrenaline with eight emotions at its corners. According to this theory emotions arise as neurotransmitters fluctuate; for example high levels of dopamine but low serotonin and noradrenaline cause fear.
In the case of Talanov's artificial rat brain, emotions are simulated by redistributing computer power between data storage processes and decision-making. So far the easiest emotions to provoke have been disgust and fear. Talanov and his team are certain other emotions, like joy and excitement, will be simulated in 2-3 years.
Which raises some ethical issues about the status of artificial intelligences. If an A.I. feels the whole spectrum of human emotions, should we consider it conscious and afford the entity the same rights as us? Would a smartcar be considered culpable for murder because it felt road rage, its lawyer arguing "It was programmed that way" or hacked with a 'rage' virus?
Talanov acknowledges there's much more to be done since there's not enough computing power available to model the human brain. "This simluation is about a thousand times smaller than the real work of the cerebral cortex, and the brain only needs 20 watts of power to do its job" he told Nikita Statsenko of Rusbase.ru.
Maybe next time you hear someone peddling the horrors of A.I., take heart that they're probably just as afraid of you as you are of them.
You may also enjoy:
- Philosopher Says We Should Begin Planning Now, So That a Super-Intelligent A.I. Doesn't Kill Us All Off
- The Looming Robot Revolution
- A Modern Kōan Of Consciousness
Hang on tight fellow Grailers, as we explore today's news briefs together...
- Mystery object in weird orbit beyond Neptune cannot be explained.
- Tabby's Star: is it beginning to look a lot like aliens?
- NASA accidentally sold a precious Apollo artifact.
- Will modern-day skyscrapers outlast the pyramids?
- A solar flare almost caused nuclear war in 1967.
- ESP in EEG? Study finds that people's brains show a neural spike when a friend's brain is stimulated.
- The case for treating near-death experiences like acid trips.
- A skeptical view of a recent study on spirit mediums.
- Girly Ghosthunters: how the first all-female paranormal investigation team made ghost-hunting history.
- Husband and wife married for 63 years die 20 minutes apart.
- Man wins lottery six days after surviving plane crash in Dubai.
- Hidden meanings in Hieronymus Bosch's The Garden of Earthly Delights.
- Please Michael Phelps, stop cupping.
- Wild crows found to possess tool-craft talent.
- Russian navy plans to make a city disappear using strange-smelling fog.
- Church plans to use drones to bomb Daesh in Syria...with Bibles.
- Image of the Day: Close-up of the hand of a 2000-year-old 'bog body'.
- Video of the Day: Drone-eye view of Stonehenge (no Bible-dropping).
Quote of the Day:
The real problem of humanity is the following: we have paleolithic emotions; medieval institutions; and god-like technology
ESP in EEG? Study Finds That People's Brains Show a Neural Spike When a Friend's Brain is StimulatedPosted by Greg at 02:04, 11 Aug 2016
Recent research into the neuroscience of social interactions between humans has revealed fascinating details of how the brains of friends and family (in scientific terms, brains that "operate at least in part on shared information content”) can synchronise and 'align' with each other. So, given the (controversial) results from parapsychology that suggest telepathy and other 'psi' talents might be real, is it possible that this 'neuro-resonance' can be detected even when two people attempt to mentally interact despite being blocked from doing so via normal sensory means?
That is the question asked in a recent paper titled "EEG correlates of social interaction at a distance". Subject pairs were included based on criteria of (a) mutual friendship of more than a decade, and (b) experience in meditation, in order to maintain prolonged, focused concentration.
The members of each pair were placed in two separate rooms approximately five meters from each other - with appropriate measures taken to block any sharing of sensory information - and their brains were monitored using electroencephalograph (EEG).
The 'Sender' was told to relax, think about the 'Receiver, and simply "mentally transmit what you perceive". During a 10 minute session, the Sender was given 128 'stimulations' of 1 second duration each, separated by pauses of random length lasting 4 to 6 seconds (in order to avoid predictable rhythms). These stimulations were "from a light signal produced by an arrangement of red LEDs, and a simultaneous 500 Hz sinusoidal audio signal of the same length."
The 'Receiver', sitting in their isolated room, was told to relax and be prepared to "receive stimuli" from their partner: "Your task is to mentally connect with him/her and try to perceive the stimulus he/she is receiving".
Over three days, data from 25 pairs of subjects was collected. The result: "a weak but robust response" was detected in the EEG activity of the 'passive' Receiver, "particularly within 9 – 10 Hz in the Alpha range...this signal was found to be statistically significant".
The researchers concluded that, while the study was clearly explorative...
...it is in agreement with the results observed in three different experiments by Hinterberger (2008) who observed an increase in the ERPs in the Alpha (8–12 Hz) band only in the related pairs of participants. If further confirmed, these findings would be of huge scientific importance because they provide neurophysiological evidence of a connection – or social interaction – at distance.
I have to say I get a little concerned when I see papers on these sorts of controversial topics say the positive results showed up only "when a new algorithm was applied to the EEG activity". But certainly an interesting study all the same, worth more detailed and careful investigation.
(via Dr Carlos Alvarado)
You might also like:
Events and accidents?
- Piltdown Man hoax findings: Charles Dawson the likely fraudster.
- Alexander Dugin and the perils of immanentized eschatology.
- New dates for the oldest cave paintings.
- There's growing evidence that Venus was once habitable.
- Scientists discover light could exist in a previously unknown form.
- And a new type of fire.
- Sprinkling of neural dust opens door to electroceuticals.
- Shifting sands reveal petroglyphs on a Hawaiian beach.
- Study confirms high sex is better than drunk sex.
- We might live in a virtual universe — but does it really matter?
- Human-Neanderthal gene variance is involved in autism.
- The strangest creature just got unearthed from a Siberian diamond mine.
- Stone tools show evidence of processing animals 250,000 years ago.
- Baby born inside amniotic sac.
- The strange annual folk rituals of 1970s Britain.
- Hugh Grant hired actual Ghostbusters to exorcise his house.
Quote of the Day:
My life seemed to be a series of events and accidents. Yet when I look back I see a pattern.
The mystery surrounding Tabby's Star just ratched up another notch. Or down, considering the data outlined in Benjamin Montet and Joshua Simon's latest submission to the arXiv, "KIC 8462852 Faded Throughout The Kepler Mission". Everyone's favorite "megastructure" star continues to confound mainstream astronomers and the taboo of last resort, aliens, is still on the table.
Montet and Simon discovered KIC 8462852, a.k.a. Tabby's Star, dimmed by 2.5% over the course of Kepler's mission to survey the heavens for alien planets. The data lends support to Bradley Schafer's conclusion  that Tabby's Star steadily dimmed from 1890 to 1989. What everyone and their telescope are getting excited about is the rate of dimming has been increasing according to the Kepler data.
If the rate of dimming increases, this could be the product of self-replicating machines or von Neumann devices tasked to build this putative alien megastructure. When I looked at Montet and Simon's graphs, I had an insight on how they could suggest the possibility of self-replicating machines or aliens. Rather than charting the curve of the dimming light, but the 'growth' of material or machines causing the dimming, the a graph would show a sigmoid curve. In biology, sigmoid curves illustrate population growth [2, 3] through three phases of transitional and exponential growth before reaching a plateau. In this context transitional growth may be the dust of "construction crews" tearing apart an object for raw materials, followed by exponential growth as another segment of the megastructure is created, before plateauing as the 'bots travel to the next planetary or cometary resource a mere handful of astronomical units away.
The prospect of aliens, despite my speculation, remains unfalsifiable for now. But Montet and Simon do a handy job outlining the unlikely natural explanations most sane scientists would embrace. Astronomers have observed polar star spots on F-type stars like KIC 8462852, but those F-type stars are cooler and smaller in contrast. Also polar spots can't explain the short-term dips previously observed by Tabetha Boyajian, et al.. Some of the proposed transit events under suspicion for the star's dimming are even less likely.
For an optically thick transiting object, the 2.5% transit depth indicates a minimum radius of 0.15R* (Boyajian et al. 2016 estimate a radius of 1.58 R☉ for KIC 8462852). If the transiting body is in a Keplerian orbit, the extremely slow ingress time and long transit duration place it at the implausibly large distance of ~10 PC, with a transit possibility of ~10-9.
Fingers are crossed that the Tabby's Star observing campaign with the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, currently underway after the successful Kickstarter, will capture one of the mysterious long transits. Should the cause is a solid object, like a megastructure, then the dimming of KIC 8462852's light would be achromatic. On the other hand if the culprit is dust and/or gas, then the starlight would redden.
Maybe in a year we'll know for certain if the alien hypothesis is still worth consideration. Perhaps some science fiction-types will find inspiration around Tabby's Star for another big dumb object to fit the mystery. In either case, our interesting times are becoming more interesting by the moment.
You may also enjoy:
- The Culture Next Door: Tabby's Star Remains Strange... And Unique
- Astronomers Discover Something 'You Would Expect an Alien Civilization to Build', and SETI Wants a Look
- New Developments Around KIC 8462852
- Kickstarter: Help Investigate the 'Most Mysterious Star in the Galaxy'
- Astronomy, Megastructures, SETI, and Synchronicity
- Triple signal of 'alien megastructure' baffles astronomers.
- The special effects legend behind Bladerunner, 2001: A Space Odyssey and Close Encounters of the Third Kind has invented a UFO video tracking and capture system.
- The alien of the gaps.
- Floating 'alien orb' spotted by fisherman. Spoiler: it was a dead whale. Or at least that's what the alien orb camouflaged itself as.
- The idea that humans might be improved by jolts of electricity is not a new one.
- Black holes are 'doors to another world, scientists say.
- Aliens on the mind: Roswell and the UFO phenomenon.
- Mysterious clown creeps out town.
- The curse of Julia Brown: Voodoo priestess haunts Louisiana after killing whole town.
- The U.S. Department of Energy wants you to know that lights are not powered by monsters. Because, Stranger Things.
- Golden curse tablets found in ancient Serbian tombs invoke gods and demons.
- Rare Maya burial temple discovered in Belize.
- A nuclear-powered US military base buried under the ice of Greenland will re-emerge as the Arctic melts.
- Baby Japanese macaques smile as they sleep.
- China may lead us into a future of genetic enhancement.
- Is skepticism of unexpected scientific results reasonable?
- Armless research? Scientists might have discovered how to regrow human limbs.
- Cupping is the latest alternative healing fad to draw attention at the Olympics.
- Video of the Day: Begun, the Clone Wars hav...oh wait no, it's just lots of robots dancing.
Quote of the Day:
It seems that every time someone looks at the star, it gets weirder and weirder
Benjamin Montet, on KIC 8462852.
If you were to survey sci-fi geeks for a list of their favourite movies, there's a fairly good chance that somewhere near the top of that list you'd find Bladerunner, 2001: A Space Odyssey, and Close Encounters of the Third Kind. So it's easy to understand the legendary status of Douglas Trumbull within sci-fi geekdom, given he helped design the visual effects on all three of those seminal films.
When Jacques Vallee ran a crowd-funding campaign last year to create a collector's edition of Wonders in the Sky, his book with Chris Aubeck about historical sightings of UFOs, I was surprised to learn that Trumbull was one of the backers of the project. As it turns out though, Trumbull has been interested in the UFO phenomenon for some time now (in retrospect, it's probably not that surprising, given two of the three films above are specifically about humans making contact with an alien intelligence).
In a video interview posted by Open Minds (embedded below), Trumbull describes his interest in 'scientific ufology', and how he thinks he could help the effort with his own skills and network, by designing a 'UFO capture' system he calls UFOTOG:
When I started making inroads into MUFON and the UFO community, I found that there were a number of very highly-placed and credible people, like Jacques Vallee, like air-traffic controllers, like doctors, like scientists, who took the whole thing very seriously - mixed in with a lot of people who were into auras, and spirituality, and other kinds of things that were more hearsay than science. And I didn't like that part of it, I've never liked the hearsay part of it, I didn't like people telling their stories, even though many of them are tremendously compelling and heartbreaking - abduction stories in particular. I said well, you can't prove any of that, there's no evidence, there's nothing to do.
I started asking those people, has anybody ever mounted a scientific endeavour, a privately funded scientific endeavour, to quantify what a UFO is made up of, and how fast does it go, and how high does it fly, and where does it come from, and is it changing state from plasma energy to aluminum or whatever? And the answer was no, no-one had ever done that. And I said, well, I'm going to make that my mission, because that sounds like fun to me, 'cause I'm a geek.
So that was the beginning of UFOTOG, to try and spend at least some part of my hobby time going down that path, like an amateur astronomer.
UFOTOG - the name is a contraction of 'UFO photography' - is a UFO video tracking and capture system that came about when Trumbull considered how his own skill-set could best be put to use in seeking answers to the UFO mystery: "I had access to these high-end cameras, access to engineers who build motion-control systems that we use for movies that could be adapted to tracking systems and things like that."
Interestingly, even with his legendary status, Trumbull soon discovered how heretical the idea of scientifically researching the UFO phenomenon can be. "That's when I started finding out that talking about science fiction is fine," he notes, while "talking about actually capturing UFOs is not fine...it's actually antagonistically greeted." Trumbull even tried pitching the idea to 'reality TV' producers, but "couldn't get any traction at all...and I've got a really good resume."
In the video, Trumbull also discusses his work on 2001, why he turned down Star Wars but worked on Close Encounters, and how he created a science fiction movie about UFOs as a cover for his effort to photograph UFOs - even designing the story "so that if we actually got real photography, we could put that into the movie and suddenly the movie would become non-fiction".
All out of bubblegum...
- Geologists find evidence of China's supposedly mythical great flood.
- A new controversy erupts between Graham Hancock and TED.
- What the woolly mammoth extinction tells us about our rapidly-changing future.
- Acupuncture may stop memory loss that precedes dementia.
- Study on mental clarity during near-death experiences suggests that mind exists apart from the brain.
- Terminally-ill violinist reveals his bizarre visions of heaven and hell in seventeen near-death experiences.
- I feel, therefore I am: How exactly did consciousness become a problem?
- Remote control of the brain is coming: how will we by making Greg type silly things and not even realise he's doing it use it?
- Hackers fool Tesla S's autopilot, hiding and spoofing obstacles.
- New particle hopes fade as Large Hadron Collider data 'bump' disappears.
- New study finds that the 'alien megastructure' star is unique among a survey of more than 160,000 other stars.
- Mysterious light spotted over St. Louis Gateway Arch.
- The hidden military base that could have ended the world.
- Robot tattoo artist. Let me know when they start doing putting bar codes on wrists.
Quote of the Day:
Outside the limit of our sight, feeding off us, perched on top of us, from birth to death, are our owners! Our owners! They have us. They control us! They are our masters! Wake up! They're all about you! All around you!