Paranormal, science, faith, greed, zombie brains... today's news has it all.
- Kentucky man sees UFOs. MUFON investigates, with pictures.
- Paul Dale Roberts wonders if the UFOs seen in Kentucky are heavenly visitors.
- Frank Warrens discusses a new UFO documentary from ABC, Seeing is Believing.
- RAF radar operator says he tracked whole fleet of flying saucers, but MoD told him to keep quiet. Thankfully, he didn't listen.
- Amazing photo of an upside-down rainbow. Cheshire Cat or a drunk leprechaun?
- Science by the light of the moon: exploring the Earth's companion.
- Michio Kaku warns us not to buy into the LHC hype.
- Did evolution come before life? That's not one of those rhetorical Zen questions.
- Searching for intelligence in our genes. I'm not wearing pants.
- Crows are cleverer than chimps. Smarter than the Pentagon Hawk too.
- Is an inner zombie controlling your brain? Something's eating my brain.
- Why presents become less exciting as you get older. Or it could be we become less materialistic and enjoy the giving more than the receiving.
- The body of an aristocrat who died of the Spanish 'Flu will be exhumed so scientists can fight a future epidemic... hopefully not the same virus.
- Pope condemns 'pagan' love of money and power. The Vatican is 'pagan'?!
- Fractals explain what's wrong with Wall Street. There's 'frak all' that's right with it.
- 'Robin Hood' bank manager stole millions from rich clients and gave it to the poor.
- A Dublin seminar on angels reflects an increasing belief in spiritual guidance.
- Volunteers will re-chalk the Cerne Abbas giant. That's why he looks so happy.
- Prehistoric cattle remains suggest Stonehenge pilgrims came from afar.
- Eighty skeletons and stockpiles of textiles at least 550-years-old found in caves near Machu Picchu.
- OOPART: Ancient Chinese coin found in archaeological dig in upstate New York.
Thanks to Greg and Kat.
Quote of the Day:
Money can't buy friends, but it can get you a better class of enemy.
Paying due respect to our furry relations this week...
- Volunteers to help the fading Cerne Abbas giant stand proud once again.
- DNA analysis shows Siberian mammoths originated in North America.
- RAF officer breaks 37-year silence on UFO radar mystery.
- Creationism call divides UK's Royal Society.
- Charles Darwin to receive apology from the Church of England for rejecting evolution.
- Salvia divinorum: LSD-like drug legal in Canada.
- Simple powder that beats 2,400 genetic diseases to be available in two years.
- Stephen Hawking to unveil strange new way to tell the time.
- Star Wars Jedi Knights course offered by Queen's University Belfast.
- Put your questions about climate change to Professor Jean-Pascal van Ypersele, one of the world’s most respected climate change scientists, from 1.30pm BST (8.30am EST) on September 16 2008 -- or submit now using the form at the end of this article.
- Orwellian first: India convicts someone of a crime based on a brain scan that supposedly revealed the suspect's memories of the crime in question.
- Google knows where you are right now -- or will soon.
- Lieberman Saves YouTube From Terrorists.
- Pro-McCain group is distributing 28 million free terror-scare DVDs in 'swing states'.
- It's the creepy plotters who rule us we should really be scared of.
- Economic News: Chicken - Little - was - right -- the - sky - is - definitely - falling.
- Prefer a different analogy? How about Financial Russian Roulette.
- At Edge, Jonathan Haidt answers the question What Makes People Vote Republican?, followed by commentary from nine other Edge thinkers.
- This is your universe on acid: The theory that ate the world. Leonard Susskind's The Black Hole War: My Battle With Stephen Hawking to Make the World Safe for Quantum Mechanics is available at Amazon US & UK.
- Louisville, KY, honors Yeager, a 3-year-old Labrador retriever, with Distinguished Citizen Award.
- In China, five buffalo save their owner from a bear.
- German shepherd calls 911, saves his owner.
- Lexi, a Bichon Frise, rescues 85-year-old neighbour.
- Cat saves chicken by a whisker.
- Dog saves abandoned newborn baby in Argentina.
- Scooby the dog has become the first animal to appear as a witness in a murder trial.
- Hurricane Ike aftermath: Fema struggles to deliver much-needed supplies, highway flooding makes mess for returning evacuees. Two slide-shows here.
Quote of the Day:
Steven Rushing, a commercial fishmerman, tried to ride out the storm with his wife and several family members, including his pregnant 17-year-old daughter, in their one-story brick home on Galveston Island.
Early Saturday, they watched the water rise and donned life jackets. When the water reached the TV, about 4 feet high, Rushing's plan was to kick out a window so they could tie themselves to a tree and await rescue.
But then he noticed a sudden calm, apparently the hurricane's eye passing over. He loaded his family into a 17-foot ski boat and headed for the San Luis resort, the headquarters for emergency personnel about 20 blocks away. It took 20 minutes to float 16 blocks before the boat ran aground. Then the Rushings sprinted for safety, guided by lights from police responding to a 911 call made from the boat.
"I'm drained. I'm beat up," Rushing said later Saturday morning. "My family is traumatized. I kept them here, promising them everything would be alright, but this is the real deal and I won't stay no more."
Found in this NY Times article about Hurricane Ike.
- If the dinosaurs' reign was a ‘stroke of luck’ -- what does that say about us?
- Extinct Australian frog resurfaces after a 20 year absence.
- Okapi, Africa’s ‘unicorn’ goes from fiction to fact. More photos here from Nat. Geo.
- Beware the Kryostega… the Antarctic’s prehistoric Godzilla-mander.
- Titan… magnetized.
- Optimist or pessimist? Your age may have decided for you already.
- Apparently, black holes only come in so many sizes.
- Fireworks – the safe, sane, alternative to battle.
- Supernovae as measuring candles.
- The Gamma Ray Burst from March '08 - unofficially dubbed the ‘Clarke Event’ (since it happened only hours after Sir Arthur C. exited this mortal coil) - shone brightly not once but twice.
- The lost 4th pyramid of Giza… Rest assured ZH was available to the press.
- Evolutionists congregate around Darwin-shaped wall stain. H/t to L’Onion.
Merci Beaucoup au Gregory
Quote of the Day:
"Paracelsus described nature and creation as a “book that was written by God’s finger”. During my life I was given this exhilarating and entirely comforting experience: The one who understands how to read this book, not only with regards to scientific research but with marveling and loving eyes, will find a deeper, wonderful reality revealing itself - a reality in which we are all secure and united for ever and ever…”
I've known for years that, no matter how good your firewall, there's no faster way to royally mess up your computer than to do a thorough search for '9-11 Truth' or conspiracy news. So it took quite a bit of doing, but in honor of the 7th anniversary of September 11, there's (finally) a wealth of both in today's news.
- Unusual magnetic forces within the steel girders caused WTC towers to collapse on 9-11. More. So how did this magnetism create those pools of molten metal?
- More 9/11 Strangeness: Scorpions & Other Synchronicities.
- Significant new information details CIA criminal culpability in allowing the 9/11 attacks.
- US admits, 'We haven't seen Osama Bin Laden since Tora Bora -- we were distracted by Iraq.' Well, no wonder...
- Oops, missed a doozy: On the 7th Anniversary of Attacks, White House Claims Bin Laden Wan Not The 'Mastermind' of Sept 11.
- Bob Woodward says the death or capture of Osama bin Laden could be 'October surprise'. Or maybe not.
- Global poll of 16,063 people in 17 nations finds that majorities in only nine countries believe al Qaeda was behind the 9-11 terrorist attacks. On average, 46 percent of those surveyed said al Qaeda was responsible, 15 percent said the U.S. government, 7 percent said Israel and 7 percent said some other perpetrator.
- Big Bang machine makes huge impact: Jubilation as protons complete their first circuit of the Large Hadron Collider, hours ahead of schedule. With video.
- Disagreement between Peter Higgs and Stephen Hawking overshadows Large Hadron Collider experiment celebrations.
- Test your knowledge of fictional mad scientists.
- Apocalypse No
wt: 30 memorable dates when predictions of the Earth's eminent demise proved to be premature.
- Biologists say, before evolution came prevolution.
- Six fossilised forests the size of small cities have provided prehistoric evidence of how tropical rainforests are destroyed by global warming.
- Shadowy scientific elite, the Jasons, warned the US about global warming 30 years ago, but their report was sidelined for political convenience.
- Animal remains at a site near Stonehenge suggest neolithic people from as far away as Wales brought their own livestock to barbecue at cultural events.
- Ancient Macedonian dig yields treasures.
- Peru archaeologists find pre-Inca sacrificial tomb.
- The white priestess of Nigeria's 'black magic'.
- Why we evolved to be superstitious.
- Lack of water on Mars is perplexing NASA scientists.
- Shuttle mission to repair Hubble telescope faces increased threat from space junk.
- 'Naked Eye' Gamma Ray burst was aimed squarely at Earth.
- Gases that cause volcanoes to erupt may have spewed from meteorites that smashed into the earth billions of years ago.
- Eta Carinae, the galaxy's biggest, brightest and perhaps most studied star after the sun, has been keeping a secret: Its giant outbursts appear to be driven by an entirely new type of stellar explosion.
- Stephen Colbert's digitized DNA to back up the human race in space.
- 'Galactic Internet' could broadcast alien signals. More regarding these intergalactic telegrams.
- A batch of Henry Kissinger's phone conversations about Chile in 1970 and 1973 has just been declassified and released, with new info about how deeply Nixon and Kissinger were involved in the Chilean coup that brought Pinochet to power.
- Russia says 'foreign military' taught Georgians IED techniques.
- With a coup in the making in Bolivia, President Evo Morales accuses the US ambassador of conspiring against democracy, and orders him to leave the country.
- Shocking video footage lends credence to claims that 90 Afghans - not seven - died in US airstrike.
- The U.S. military relied on an 'independent journalist' to deny Afghan villagers' claims that a recent airstrike resulted in a large number of civilian deaths. It turns out that 'journalist' is Oliver North.
- Former top CIA official accused of corruption and fraud is threatening to expose the identities of numerous agents and programs as part of his defense.
- Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad 'could be kidnapped by Mossad'.
- Murder in Mexico: The police who are no better than the criminals.
- This is the 'video trailer' that sparked the preemptive police raids on protest groups, and 'Minority Report'-style pre-crime arrests for terrorism in the days before the Republican National Convention.
- The 65-mpg Ford that the US can't have.
- Farmers see 'Mark of the Beast' in RFID livestock tags.
- Mass media brainwashing creates false memories.
- War between Scientology and mask-wearing group 'Anonymous' heats up: Last week DMCA takedown notices demanded 4,000 videos criticizing Scientology be pulled from YouTube. After counter-notices poured in, the videos went back up.
- The shocking menace of satellite surveillance.
- Ghandi Pills? Psychatrist argues for 'moral performance enhancers'.
- How to score big in the stock market: First, hack into dozens of online traders' brokerage accounts. Next, buy hundreds of thousands of shares of selected stocks using your hacked accounts, a move that largely moves up the stock price. Then sell your own shares of the same stock that you already owned and profit millions.
- How a six-year-old news article caused United Airlines' stock to plummet 75% Monday.
- NZ scientists want to bring Fijian 'chicken man' to Auckland to study his brain.
- Criminals traced by text message grammar.
- The death of e-commerce? 'CookieMonster' can siphon net user's personal info even when browsing session is encrypted from start to finish.
- Aussie actress/author Blossom Goodchild has the internet abuzz over her channeled announcement that a huge UFO will appear on Oct 14th 'in the south of your hemisphere', and will hang around for 3 days. YouTube audio of the announcement.
- Still Waiting: A list of predictions from the UFO culture.
- YouTube: The storm and suddenly a UFO above Beverwijk Holland. (Pause at 19th second to freeze-frame UFO.)
A big thanks to Rick & Red Pill Junkie.
Quote of the Day:
One of the saddest lessons of history is this: If we’ve been bamboozled long enough, we tend to reject any evidence of the bamboozle. We’re no longer interested in finding out the truth. The bamboozle has captured us. It is simply too painful to acknowledge, even to ourselves, that we’ve been so credulous.
Welcome to the 3rd dimension! Oh wait...
- CERN has successfully fired protons around the Large Hadron Collider. The Earth is safe once more... until they decide to split whatever it is they find.
- Have archaeologists unearthed the legendary 'sleeping' Buddha in Afghanistan?
- A fantastic profile of retired professor Ekkehart Malotki, tirelessly protecting the rock-art of America's Southwest.
- Lourdes celebrates the 150th anniversary of a supernatural encounter, a beautiful lady who emerged surrounded by light from a cave to instruct a little girl named Bernadette. Was she the Virgin Mary, a pagan goddess, a fairy, or something else entirely? Jacques Vallee gives his opinion in Dimensions (Amazon US & UK), as does Graham Hancock in Supernatural (Amazon US or UK).
- Paradise Lost: was John Milton's night visitor an alien abuction? Writing a novel is like being 'anal probed' (I should know, I'm writing a novel and I've been abducted).
- Tessa Dick, Philip K Dick's 4th wife, tells how her late husband was visited by time travelers from ancient Rome. Romane ite domus!
- Searching for an ancient Epic's origins: touring the lost city of Troy.
- A 16th century Scottish alchemist may have been the first man to fly.
- The abuse of the natural hallucinogen Salvia divinorum in 'jackass' YouTube videos may thwart future medical research -- and responsible use.
- Avoiding shamanic tourism in search of the wisdom of San Pedro and ayahuasca.
- Walk in the clouds: arduous trek along Inca trail pays off at Machu Picchu.
- Japanese trees offer key to understanding wider nature.
- Maritime folklore laced with ghostly tales: Canada's Haunted Coast.
- New international laws are needed for rapidly changing polar regions.
- Cold War II just got icier: Russian nuclear warship joins Venezuela maneuvers.
- Loud booms that shook windows were heard in North Carolina.
- Maybe it was a cigar-chomping gorilla test-piloting the latest aircraft technology?
- A former naval radar operator witnessed UFOs in V formation.
- Can ETs tickle stars to create a galactic internet? The lag is bad in our solar system.
Quote of the Day:
Give me the liberty to know, to utter, and to argue freely according to conscience, above all liberties.
John Milton (1608 - 1674)
This Daily Grail news briefs is brought you by…Mace: When "get the #$%@ out of here!!" just won’t do :-P
- Physicists investigate how time moves forward. Gee! Couldn’t these dudes investigate how Time could stand still, or better yet: move BACKWARDS??
- Cool videos explaining the LHC, courtesy of the Beeb.
- The Science of Happiness. Well, I certainly hope it doesn't involve wearing a helmet!
- A glass pyramid that could house 1 million people. I bet Richard Hoagland would feel right at home in there ;-)
- Blurry UFO photo of the day: This time, over Purley Cross Tesco.
- Brad Steiger discusses Men In Black: Everybody put your sunglasses.
- What are we to make of the recent discovery of a "fossilized Bigfoot track" in Tennesee? Loren Coleman gives us a good idea at Cryptomundo (BTW, Have you donated to the Cryptozoology Museum yet?)
- Age of Monsters: With a remake of 'Frankenstein', 'Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde', as well as many other projects, Director Guillermo del Toro will be a busy little bee this coming decade.
- Bottlenose dolphins may be attacking other species over food shortages. A clear sign of intelligence by OUR standards.
- Elephant scores 87% on Math exam at zoo. The monkeys flunked and threw poo to the teacher.
- Good with numbers? It's in your genes. Lousy with Romance? It's in your breath.
- the world's first 'fully ecological' night club opens in London (Video here).
- People should consider eating less meat as a way of combating global warming, says the UN's top climate scientist. Remember: It was meat that gave us our big brains, who got is into this mess to begin with!
- Triple Whammy: Hurricane Ike lashes Cuba and adds more to the misery and death toll in Haiti.
- Taxing time to stabilize climate?
- China launches two disaster-monitoring satellites, & readies for third manned spaceflight.
- Spy satellites may soon identify people by analysing how their shadow moves. Only one safe will be Peter Pan.
- NASA Administrator Michael Griffin re-affirmed his backing of the Shuttle retirement in 2010. Griffin… that sounds kind of slavic, isn’t it? ;-)
- Bon Voyage, Jules Verne! Et merci beaucoup.
- Rosetta in the Sky with Diamonds. Awesome animation of Steins Asteroid, courtesy of ESA.
- Like father like... moon. Cassini detects partial rings with Saturn's moons.
- In an historic meeting, Condi & Khadafy met last week, proving that "The United States does not have permanent enemies."
- Then again... USS Mount Whitney, the flagship of the Mediterranean fleet, anchored Friday on the port of Poti, delivering both humanitarian aid to Georgia, and a bird sign to Moscow.
- Another journalist killed in Russia. Democracy is a bridge laid on a foundation made with the corpses of brave men and women.
- With friends like these... U.S. Spied on Prime Minister Nuri Kamal al-Maliki, upsetting Iraq., Hey! if you've got nothing to hide... right?
Thanks, Rick, Kat & Jon Stewart.
Quote of the Day:
"One day, my mother said to me, "If you become a soldier, you will be a general; if you become a monk you'll end up as the pope." Instead, I became a painter and now I am Picasso.."
“History will be kind to me… for I intend to write it.”
- It’s the end of the world as we show it…
- Oldest American skeleton may have been discovered -- underwater?
- New object discovered orbiting the Sun *backwards*. More here.
- The comet-chasing Rosetta Probe is ready for its close-up, Mr. DeMille.
- UK lab-coats lift fingerprints from bullets and shell-casings. Thought-crimes coming soon to a cyber-café near you.
- Riddle of gold's catalytic properties may have been solved - Sadly not by alchemists.
- If your computer is standoffish and has an unquenchable thirst for human brains, it may be a zombie…
- And whilst we speak of the walking dead, check out this inspired, animated re-telling of the Romero classic. They're coming to get you, Barbara...
- Overlooked, rampant Asian smog and soot could affect weather in the United States as well as increase global warning. When a butterfly flaps its wings, indeed.
- Could dark matter soon be transparent?
- And I quote: “Asian elephant cured of heroin addiction”…
- Getting by with a little help from my robot friends.
- Has the next chapter in gaming been… played? The makers of Spore certainly think so…
- Oceans will rise… just not the way Hollywood envisioned. A little more here from the BBC.
Quote of the Day:
“Today we may say aloud before an awestruck world: We are still masters of our fate. We are still captain of our souls…” W. Churchill
Wow! September is already here.
- 1 year later, and It seems the aliens still haven’t returned Steve Fosset. But in the meantime, here’s an interview made to Fosset… AFTER he disappeared.
- Interview with a —former— MIB. (H/T Greg Bishop @ UFO Mystic)
- If the Bank comes reclaiming your house, tell those bastards it’s haunted! Here are the signs that will convince them.
- Anthony North delves in how to explain shifts in consciousness, at Beyond the Blog.
- Symbolism Used by the Huichol Indians of the Southwest. And some fine examples of huichol art.
- What happens to Religion when it is ’biologized’ ? I don’t think God should wear a meat mask, do you?
- 'Bonding Gene' could help men stay married. That and a nice M.D. diploma…
- The Mother of all Medical Ironies! Tobacco could hold the key to revolutionary gene therapy.
- ’Miracle baby’ grows outside the womb. My momma thinks I’m a miracle too; my poppa… well, that’s between me and my shrink :-(
- After leaving everybody in awe with its games, what’s left for the Great Dragon? How about the world’s fastest train? Well, it’s easier to build than Democracy ;-)
- Not only did Canada not win too many gold medals this summer, it also lost a chunk of its ice shelf the size of Manhattan.
- The latest blog entry in Whitley Strieber’s journal deals with the ominous climate upheavals he foresees in the near future.
- How much is The Big Easy worth to America? Enough to rebuild again and again?
- We all love dolphins, but what is the sensible method to choose which species deserves saving the most?
- You’ve heard the excuses, maybe you uttered them yourself back in your childhood days, but can school REALLY make kids sick?
- Somebody tell DARPA to nix the Invisibility project.
- "Billions and Googles…" Looking for the next Carl Sagan.
- Take a glimpse of the future with the visions of NASA’s Orion.
- You think Palin’s life is being over-exposed? Well that’s nothing compared to what the Milky Way’s Black Hole is having coming.
- Sarah Palin, VP nominee… and would-be book-banner (H/T Boing Boing)
- Meatpackers aren’t allowed by the US Agriculture Dept to test their cattle for Mad Cow disease!
- After Google’s release of Chrome, just how concerned should you be about your privacy? Or about the stuff you’d plan to write using it?
- Neverending Story: North Korea is rebuilding nuclear complex, South says :-/
- In Liverpool first it was The Beatles, and now… here comes The Spider.
- Check out this cool Solar Tree sculpture/urban furniture that will debut at the Venice Biennale (Video here)
Quote of the Day:
Let the b****es rule, judge and look after us, since THEIR SONS have failed us
Message written on a banner displayed during the march against Insecurity in Mexico.
You blew it up! Ah, damn you! God damn you all to hell!
- Australia's biggest river system (ranked 15th in the world) is almost dead -- not just from a decade of drought, but human stupidity and greed.
- Global water crisis: every calorie of food requires a litre of water to produce it.
- Eroded gullies on Mars may have been carved by flowing meltwater as recently as a few hundred thousand years ago.
- Life in the stars: why the media must take the search for ET life seriously.
- Former US Army info officer is pressing for the USAF to release its radar records of the Stephenville/Dublin Texas UFO event.
- Regan Lee argues apparations of the Virgin Mary have more in common with UFOs, an argument put forth by Jacques Vallee in his classic Dimensions (Amazon US).
- Has the secret to yogic levitation been solved? With video.
- Are 11th-dimension exploding black holes possible? Do we want them to be?
- First test of the Large Hadron Collider postponed until October 21. That's cutting it close to Halloween.
- Melissa Alvarez presents an EVP recording that will chill your bones.
- Swedish magazine recalled after typo in recipe poisons four. But I didn't have any of the salmon mousse!
- If you don't mind a typo in your soup, make a bid for this haunted spice rack.
- U.S. town repeals its ban on Wiccan magic, clairvoyants and tarot card readers.
- Archaeologists continue Stonehenge excavations, and the public is invited.
- French-Afghan team unearth head of a Bamiyan Buddha statue.
- Priceless gold wreath unearthed in an ancient Greek city puzzles experts.
- More pics of the pre-Incan Wari mummy found in Peru.
- Evidence of pre-Columbian towns found in the remote jungle of western Brazil.
- Rare fossilised skull of a steppe mammoth unearthed in southern France.
- Largest collection of antique shipwrecks ever found in Norway.
Thanks Kat and RPJ.
Quote of the Day:
People have the power
To dream, to rule,
To wrestle the world from fools.
Patti Smith, 'People Have The Power'
Ok, it's a U2 cover, not the original, and it's a snippet at the end of the song.
Oops! I just received a short message that our friend Jameske went out to fight Crime & Injustice, so here I am giving you a quick fix of news in his place:
- Abandoned Space Technology. Sort of like a real-life verion of Watto’s junkyard store.
- Is it possible to assemble a car with glue? I hope the assemblers have better modelling skills than I (Damn you to Hell, Testors!)
- Hamletsaurus? Hefty dinosaurs trampled Denmark.
- Iceland's Ragnarokkin' New Opera House is designed to be ‘elf-friendly‘. Will the elves living under that hill work as scalpers?
- Gods, Demons and Imaginary Friends, at Reality Sandwich.
- Comic bio of Jack Parsons, rocket scientist and magician—Now THAT is an awesome resumè!
- And here’s another great webcomic for all you alien-lovin’ fans: Bugsport.
- Greg Bishop discusses the fascinating modern myth of the Black Eyed Kids (BEK), at UFO Mystic.
- Are you a Miyazaki fan? Then surely you must know about the Totoro Forest Project… right??
- The Unraveling of the
BifgootBigfoot Hoax, by Loren Coleman (part 1).
- 7 million-year-old skull was confirmed as first hominid (back in 2002, thanks Loren!), but it's age is being contested. It’s OK, though! Tom Biscardi is not involved with this one ;-)
- Whatever happened to the Rules of Engagement?? Human Rights Watch says both Russia & Georgia used cluster bombs.
- Seems old habits die hard at the Kremlin: Russian police kill anti-government website owner.
- ...Is that the US? Scenes from St. Paul at the Republican Convention o_O
Thanks, Kat & Rick
Quote of the Day:
"Materialism is a philosophical position, affirming that nothing exists beyond “matter,” that which we can experience with our senses. I would say that science is methodologically materialist: it can deal only with the world of matter. But it is not philosophically materialist; it does not imply that nothing can exist beyond what we experience with our senses, as religion requires. One can accept scientific principles and also hold religious beliefs."
Francisco Ayala, professor of Biology and Philosophy at the University of California, Irvine (For more information about the National Academy of Sciences/Institute of Medicine report, “Science, Evolution, and Creationism,” visit www.nap.edu/sec.)