In some dialects of Greek pi is phi. Now, if we take the word Pyramid, its stem pyr usually translated as 'fire', could be, quite acceptably, taken as phyr in some versions of Greek. Now, phyr is the stem of phyro, the imperfect case of ephyron, which means 'to mix something dry with something wet'. Interesting, that it should translate in such a way. The ending of Pyramid often varies and is much more open to interpretation BUT amydis means ‘altogether at the same place and time’. Pyramid could actually be Phyramydis which would mean ‘to mix something dry with something wet all at the same time’. Furthermore, Cheops, as in the Pyramid of, could come from the Greek Cheo, meaning 'to pour', and Opias 'cheese curdled from milk'. So, two possible references to the geopolymer theory arise out of associated names.
So, what's the brief text book style story of blood group system ABO? Blood group O originated in Africa along with humans, and we have had blood group O for millions of years, then not so long ago there just happen to be a few successful mutations to both A and B alleles, which, rather strangely, just happen to both be dominant to O, rather than co-dominant with it, or any other combination, and O hasn't yet been put in its place by its relatively recent recessive status. Although, for millions of years, our cousins, the gorillas, have had the B allele, and the chimps, the A allele. Perhaps, the alleles jumped species to humans. Or perhaps chimps, gorillas, and humans were all O originally and then recently humans developed the A and B alleles, whereas chimps develop the A, and gorillas the B - and so with the smaller populations of chimps and gorillas the new alleles take over relatively quickly, but A doesn't get a look in with gorillas and B doesn't get a look in with chimps for whatever reason.
So, does O really originate in Africa? Or for that matter, is there really anywhere that can be ascribed to be the origin of O, or A or B for that matter? Or that A and B are later developments? It seems to me that disease that selectively attacks people with certain blood groups could account for the often rather arbitrary distribution of indiginous, or otherwise, blood type. It could be the case that all populations had every type but certain diseases wiped out or severely depleted those people with certain blood types, A or B for example. Besides the ABO system is rather over-simplified when it comes to an actual analysis of blood. It serves for medicine but not necessarily as a way to understand evolution, or origins.
Just to turn things around a bit try O as less opportunistic for diseases than either A and/or B (meaning in this case AB/A/B). Diseases learn to attack A and/or B and selectively wipe out people with A and/or B. Leaving people without A and/or B, that is O, as dominant, or increased relatively in the population. So, where there has been a lot of disease, or especially virulent disease, one might expect O to be the dominant blood type, but where disease has been less pronounced one might expect A and/or B to still exist. One could perhaps correlate this with zones of the planet - areas where diseases can thrive would be more likely to be O blood type dominant. But, of course, diseases can be somewhat arbitrary and conditions for their success can vary not only in the long term but in the short term. Epidemics spread and then burn themselves out due to geographical or man-made barriers. Weather patterns and temperatures of areas change. Opportunities rise and fall. So, rather than explaining migration, the ABO system might explain the demographic of some specific diseases, or, indeed, of variations in climate, or some combination of the two, mixed with other salient factors.
Explaining the preponderance of the O allele in human populations would seem rather difficult, unless there is a selective advantage to it - considering it is recessive. That advantage could be explained by it being less susceptible to disease than either A and/or B. Or indeed, it could be that both A and/or B are much younger than O. But O is not the oldest a priori though many text books put forward the idea of it being some kind of original blood group. If there are, or have been, diseases that found A and/or B (but not O) an opportunity or niche for population growth then it would guarantee the O allele a stronger place in the genome than it otherwise would have. In this sense, the phenotypical expression of the O allele might indeed offer no opportunity for an attack by some disease - in this sense O is minimalistic and thus difficult to attack. Whereas, A and B alleles being expressed as, arguably, more complex structures, may offer a niche for some disease that O does not. Looking at this, one could even suggest A and/or B as original with O the evolutionary response to environmental pressures such as disease.
Although, some additional thought on this matter might yield some quite interesting conclusions. Since chimps are A with a little O and gorillas are B and a little O then we could speculate that chimps are evolutionary descendents of type A humans (if consistent with other blood groups), and that gorillas are evolutionary descendents of type B humans (if consistent with other blood groups), or we could speculate than humans are a chimp/gorilla cross. I've seen enough in this world to think that any one of those speculations could be true. Although, the common connection made with the concept of evolution and the concept of progress, whether correct or otherwise, might make chimps and gorillas as descendents of humans a heresy - personally, it could be argued that it is progress.
Another scenario could be that the alleles of A and B somehow jumped from one species to another. But since gorillas and chimps are minimal O then it would seem that if O were original to humans then it suggests that the jumping genes were from chimps and gorillas to humans. But that human genes don't seem to jump very well because if O were original one would expect it to have had many tens of thousands, if not millions, of years to jump to both chimps and gorillas. Or perhaps, it is just one incredible just-so story. One could tear ones hair out thinking about all the permutations and possibilities. Because it is almost certain that even population fluctuations are involved as well as the mean size of populations. Population explosions do occur, and with them comes disease, but then also treatment of disease, though for animals of the wild this is almost certainly a much more limited factor than for humans.
Anyway, one alternative is that the original blood type if there ever was one is unknown, that is, all three may have always been present, or one, or, indeed, two may have been original with another one or two coming later, with perhaps the occasional extinction of mutations and previously entrenched groups. I think that O may have been less susceptible to disease in the past and may still be so, and thus, even though recessive, it gained from this lower susceptibility in the past. So, the people that have been more susceptible to disease in the past have the following allele combinations... AA, AO, BB, BO, AB. The O blood type may still have this lower susceptibility and this hypothesis can be tested.
So, how does the O blood type do in terms of susceptibility to disease? Well, it is good to be O type if you are present in a small pox epidemic, but is not good if you are in the midst of bubonic plague. O is less susceptible to cancer but cancer cannot have that much of an effect on the success of O because cancer is a disease usually of later life (unless, of course, some series of events in the distant past caused cancer in the young on a massive scale). Now, of course, the research conclusions are only tentative, but if one looked at thousands of diseases would one find that O tends to do better on the whole, and better with the particularly vicious diseases? I think it is an hypothesis worth testing. After all, the medical benefits resulting from research into blood type and disease susceptibility could be in both diagnosis and treatment.
But, for me, the really interesting part of this theory are the subtle implications: comparing with climates, time and civilization. For, if areas or zones of relatively cooler climates have a high prevalence of O, then, given that the climates have been relatively stable for many millennia, and given that cooler climates do not suffer virulent disease as often as hotter climates, then the populations with high levels of O may well be the oldest of all populations. Of course, this sort of thing depends on a great many factors, a problem easy enough to appreciate. But one ought to admit, the notion is indeed rather provocative when one looks at the demographic of blood types world wide. So, it is probable, given the nature of the desire for simplicity within scientific and research communities, that the blood type O is more of a default original blood type than an actual one.
The film King Arthur made recently has brought out a few stories on King Arthur at TDG - not surprising really. Personally, I'd doubt any King Arthur film will ever beat the brilliant film Excalibur, worth a watch if you ever get the chance. However, considering the actual literature and the numerous locations linked to Arthur, I thought I'd have a rummage around the internet and see what I could find.
The piece of work I liked best is a short book written simply and straightforwardly - a pleasure to read and strangely compelling. The evidence gathers pace and fits together, and makes a lot of sense to me.
I'm not going to spoil it for you, so, with my recommendation, have a read of Arturius: A Quest For Camelot.
If you want to buy the book then follow this link.
An interesting website shows some of what was available for people to buy before someone decided that people shouldn't be entitled to make their own decisions about what they put into their bodies.
There is a really interesting endorsement, or patronage, by a famous person for the scrumptious Vin Mariani - no wonder he's smiling.
Was the inspiration for the Typhoios, the coiled winged serpent, a twin cyclone or a storm of a similar pattern? The wings denote a phenomenon of the sky, and the figure-eight serpent coils represent the shape the storm took in the sky. Typhoios is depicted battling with Zeus and his bolts of lightning, and it is curious that lightning in such storms is more common on the periphery of the body of the storm which would fairly represent the attack of a foe. At Newgrange in Ireland there is a stone covered with these spirals, and it forces one to confront the possibility that there was a time when the sky was literally filled with such storms.
The recent research on Atlantis that made its way to the BBC has had a severe reaction from certain hispanic researchers that appeared on Atlantis Rising Forum to create havoc. I have to admit that I encountered them before and was accused of being a liar and a fanatic. Well, fair play, I have both lied in my life and I am a fanatic football fan, but it is just unfortunate for them that I did not lie concerning the debate I had with them on GHMB. I must admit that I feel much more sorry for Dr. Kuhne no matter how mistaken he is about concentric circles that don't exist and a place which was nothing at the right time and was not even at the right place. However, he has had his work meddled with on Antiquity (currently unavailable), and as a believer in the need for absence of dirty tricks in science, I have to say that he has been thoroughly shafted.
Anyway, if you take an interest in stuff of that sort then have a look at poor Dr. Kuhne's post on Atlantis Rising Forum. There are others associated with it and some people are really suckered in. Good internet stuff. Enjoy.
One could view Jung's concept of Synchronicity as an example of the activiation of a vestige of the bicameral mind after the rise of consciousness in human history and experience. The upshot of accepting Jaynes' proposal that many of the early civilisations started with a bicameral mind is that when the breakdown occurred there would still be a remnant, a shadow of bicamerality surviving in the minds of individuals, a vestige of the organizing principle which governed those societies, a collective unconscious, as Jung would put it, or the Gods of the Ancient World as Jaynes would put it. Jaynes supposed that this vestige was to be found in the modern world with the auditory hallucinations of schizophrenics - involving what these days would be called an external locus of control - in this case, a voice appearing to come from the outside guiding the schizophrenic to specific actions.
So, how does that link in with experiencing a synchronicity for most of us, considering the auditory hallucinations with those of abnormal consciousness would not be present in normal individuals? Despite the general absence of abnormal states of consciousness in normal individuals, the vestige of bicamerality would still exist. One might consider the effect of this vestige as drowned out by the hustle and bustle of the world of consciousness. Thus, the guiding principle takes more subtle and more arbitrary forms by guiding conscious attention via the preconscious: hence, when this vestige of the bicameral mind is activated more than usual, individuals may experience a meaningful coincidence, or a series of them. Whereas, with the Schizophrenic, many more threads of experience enter consciousness simultaneously, bringing with them a more complex notion of causality that is simply not accessible, or indeed intelligible, to the normal individual with a more or less fully modern consciousness. Schizophrenia, as Jaynes' might have put it, is at the boundary of modern consciousness and bicamerality, a form of being caught between two worlds.
The thesis Jaynes' presented involved the activiation of the right side of the brain - specifically the right side equivalent of Wernicke's area. This area and the local areas surrounding it are associated with music and poetry and decision making. Everyone knows that music and poetry have a rhythm to them - a rhythm filled with motifs, basic feelings and archetypes. An analysis of synchronicities would bear out much the same. It is quite clear in the individual experience of a meaningful coincidence that it is poetic and burdened with metaphor and has a rhythm to it. Even if an individual cannot pin down a cause to the synchronicity which makes the experience feel uncanny, the consequences, the effects often can. Jung presents examples in his book. The feeling of uncanniness associated with synchronicity, in this thesis, would be the result of modern consciousness and its internal locus of control which impedes understanding by the very fact that it is a left-brain analytical phenomenon rather than a right-brain intuitive and poetic phenomenon.
Here I think it is important to include Rupert Sheldrake, the originator of the concept of Morphic Resonance. In Part One of his essay, Mind, Memory and Archetype Morphic Resonance in the Collective Unconscious, Sheldrake emphasises the importance of holism for his work. With regards to rat psychology he had this to say about the development of form, structure or organisation,
"There are quite a number of experiments that can be done in the realm of biological form and the development of form. Correspondingly, the same principles apply to behavior, forms of behavior and patterns of behavior. Consider the hypothesis that if you train rats to learn a new trick in Santa Barbara, then rats all over the world should be able to learn to do the same trick more quickly, just because the rats in Santa Barbara have learned it. This new pattern of learning will be, as it were, in the rat collective memory-in the morphic fields of rats, to which other rats can tune in, just because they are rats and just because they are in similar circumstances, by morphic resonance. This may seem a bit improbable, but either this sort of thing happens or it doesn't.
Among the vast number of papers in the archives of experiments on rat psychology, there are a number of examples of experiments in which people have actually monitored rates of learning over time and discovered mysterious increases. In my book, A New Science of Life, I describe one such series of experiments which extended over a 50-year period. Begun at Harvard and then carried on in Scotland and Australia, the experiment demonstrated that rats increased their rate of learning more than tenfold. This was a huge effect-not some marginal statistically significant result. This improved rate of learning in identical learning situations occurred in these three separate locations and in all rats of the breed, not just in rats descended from trained parents."
Now, whilst rats (in some cases?) are not humans, Sheldrake thinks that the same kind of phenomenon can apply to us. In terms of Jaynes' work, the bicameral mind, the organising principle of ancient cultures, was the outcome of morphic resonance in ancient human societies, which is to say that it was the resultant morphic field, and in modern societies, relating Jaynes' to Jung's work, Synchronicity is the result of modern consciousness drowning out the vestiges of the bicameral mind. As an aside, it can be seen that some of the analogous achievements of ancient culture might not be through traditional modes of communication, but by morphic fields, by not only full bicamerality, but by its vestiges as modern consciousness emerged from its breakdown. Indeed, the vestiges of bicamerality in association with the the concept of morphic resonance might bear out an explanation for the virtual simultaneity of many inventions, though, of course, individuals with access to the same kind of information may come to similar conclusions purely through the left-brain analytical means of thought, text and speech. However, it remains the case that, with this alternative thesis, another form of communication may also be at work, leading to synchronous developments via subtle cues, rhythms and resonances, a language accessible only to the musical, and poetic right-brain. In that world, mankind sings.
I've just been listening to Coast to Coast AM with Art Bell and Richard Hoagland, and it has been reported on the show that Dr. Eugene Mallove has been murdered.
Hoagland contacted the police regarding what he thought may be a hoax, and the police have confirmed Mallove's death. Hoagland paid tribute to Mallove's work on Cold Fusion and claimed that the murder came on the eve of the announcement of a great discovery.
Despite great protests as to the aggregious disregard of civil liberties, the new laws against smoking in pubs in Ireland were passed recently. They were designed to improve the health of the people, and since government is always right, they made it so.
However, it has come to my attention that it will have the opposite effect. People are going to take up smoking so that they can go outside and smoke. It turns out that it is a real ice-breaker between people. Whereas, when smoking in the pub, people had bums on seats watching the footy or talking in little cliques.
So, I reckon that there will be a great deal of friendship and romance forged this way. Non-smokers will be encouraged to take up smoking in order to be a part of this new phenomenon and smoking in Ireland will get completely out of the control the government hopes for until everyone is doing it just for the craic of having to leave the pub and actually meet people. Once this has been achieved the government will have no choice but to end the smoking laws because everyone will be smoking.
The question is: will the government really get rid of the smoking laws just to keep in tune with being against what people actually want? And furthermore, will people protest the repeal of those laws because it might destroy their social lives? And finally, would such a state of affairs finally prove that the Irish get everything right because they think backwards?