Egypt's Great Sphinx - Function and Ancient Name

Egypt's Great Sphinx - Function and Ancient Name


I found some interesting information on the Sphinx that we were in discussion on. I did speak with Robert and he said he might be able to locate some info on a name, but, there was not much to go by. I did not want to wait so I did my own homework and dug through some books again. In the book titled "Sphinx: History of a Monument," by a Ms.Christine Zivie-Coche, I read up on the Sphinx and found what I have been wanting to understand - so I will write a little bit to convey some info for you about what we have been discussing; what was the function of he Sphinx ( why I asked, was it feline in nature? ) and what was its original name?

The Egyptian's did have a name for the Sphinx beginning in the 18th Dynasty of the New Kingdom. It was 'Haremakhet' in Egyptian and 'Haremakhis' in Greek and the Sphinx's name meant "Horus in the Horizon." This was in context to some of the new Deities that were born of that era and were derived from foreign sources. Yet there is no evidence or documentation from the Old Kingdom or Middle Kingdom (Giza was mostly abandoned during this period) to provide us with its original name or function.

Haremakhet was designated to the Great Sphinx of Giza to define it as the 'King of Egypt' ( a King was a physical carnation of Horus in his lifetime and reigned as Horus as legend tells as ruler of all of the lands - 'Osiris and Isis legend' ) as there were other Sphinxes in Egypt as well as other countries. So this particular name was born from the God or Deity 'Horus' (which is in great controversy as Horus is depicted by a Falcon not a Lion - and every Pharaoh reigned as a depiction of Horus ) and also as far fetched as being related to Solar worship. The name 'Haremakhet' did not appear until Amenophis I and the Great Sphinx images on the stele of Amenophis II and Tuthmosis IV were actually the image of the existing Great Sphinx which was previously sculpted. It is thought that the face of the Great Sphinx is that of Chephren's as the Sphinx somewhat over looks Chephren's Funerary - Mortuary Temple Complex on the Giza Plateau.

Note: ( I am thinking it is possible that in this era the face of the Sphinx was carved into a human face {Chephren's} and the Lion's face was removed {if indeed it was originally a Lion's face} - I also wonder if it was at that time the upper mantle of the Sphinx's skull was removed or was it at a different point in time due to religious rituals because the upper crown mantle {19th/18th of a human's anatomical proportions} is symbolic of consciousness in Egypt's Pharaonic Anthropocosmic Man.)

There is confusion whether the Sphinx was actually an original "Guardian or Protector" of the Mortuary Complex as Lions were known as protectors of the Netherworlds (This seems odd to me as the Sphinx seems to have been constructed before the Mortuary Complex) ....The Sphinx represents a God according to the inscriptions and text found accompanying the beginning of the18th Dynasty. So the Sphinx has in a sense, a double interpretation, as "God and Guardian." Also, the Sphinx dated earlier than the 18th Dynasty, as it was already covered with sand and then was cleared to its temenos (sacred space or within an enclosure). The lack of documentation of any kind previous to the 18th Dynasty concerning the Great Sphinx is what is so frustrating in order to study its historical past. During the Graeco Roman era, surprisingly, Herodotus never even mentioned the Sphinx in his famous papers of Egypt and of those concerning the Giza Plateau, and yet the Sphinx was partially uncovered.

You might want to check out the little outline of the Ancient Egyptian Timeline that shows the dates of Dynasties and other periods of interest along with other pertinent notes I placed in it. This may help you follow what I am referring to. Ok, well, I hope this was of interest to you.

Ha ha - I wrote and spelled check this on my mail program so I would not misspell the Egyptian names. I can not even pronounce them.


Dr. Colette M. Dowell ND
Circular Times
Moving Forward Publications


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plw12752anderson's picture
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Colette, I found the same information and provided links to the articles or the webpages/sites. All of it is on the other blog. Well, we were heading in the same direction anyway! Love, Pam -----------------------------Truth is stranger than fiction.

Colette M. Dowell's picture
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Haremakhet - Sekhmet - Horus

Hello Pam & folks,

Note: I am on the new post now, I am copying this over from the other post so there is coherency with the topics.

Wow, you sure get around the internet, you must have lots of time to do searches. Good for you. My browser sucks lately, something is up with it, can't go anywhere, usually only the unknown zone, the reason being is unknown to me. I must figure it out.

I had dug up some information on the Egyptian name of the Sphinx, Haremakhet ( "Horus in the Horizon" ), I see on one of your links near the end you have one that speaks of Hor-em-akht -most likely the same, just different spelling circa 1500. That is the New Kingdom. The Solar God that was "In" at the time was Amun -Re. Looks like the Hor-em-akht has roots of Horus in the first sylable as in the Hor.....hmmmmmm, (Horus the Falcon - Protector and Ruler of all the lands) I bet they are the same as the timeframe is the same. I am not even going to try to go to that link.

I see you found a link to Sekhmet. When we took some people to Egypt, Robert and I wrote a 38 page booklet for their education on where and what we were seeing, we wrote about many things. That is when I wrote up that Ancient Egyptian Timeline so a person could more easily follow Egyptology's lingo and the timeframe of the sites we were taking them to.

We have been discussing the Sphinx and of cat/felines and lions. Sekmet was a female Goddess with a female lioness face intertwined in her human physique. She is a very important Goddess in Egyptian lore. In the complex of Karnak, down far to the left on the grounds is a little temple of worship. Inside one of the rooms is a huge statue of Sekmet. One day I will post the pic of her on CT. Below is a paragraph Robert wrote about the Temple Dendera. Dendera is famous for its Temple of Hathor. In this paragraph you will read about HATHOR, her OPPOSITE SIDE was that of SEKMET. In the booklet I have a pic of Hathor that is a statue of her. Actually,I think if you look on the Ancient Egyptian Timeline on the CT site, you will see a pic of Dendera, and there are columns on it, near the top of the columns there are faces of Hathor, you can see them on the pic. Hathor was a good gal, but, she could be a real bitch too when needed, and that is Sekmet. A lioness warrior-ess! Yin-Yang grade.

Here is the excerpt Robert wrote from our book on Hathor/Sekmet.......

The Temple at Dendera dates to late Ptolemaic and Roman times, although it was claimed by the ancients to have been built on the site of an earlier Temple (or Temples) that dated back to remotest antiquity. The Temple and compound is dedicated to the Hathor, Goddess of love, healing, birth, motherhood, and nourishment. She is often depicted as a cow, or with the attributes of a cow (particularly cow ears), and the shape of her face is sometimes interpreted as mimicking that of the human womb.

Hathor also had a cruel and destructive side, and in the form of a raging lioness (associated with Sekhmet) she was sent by the God Re to punish humankind. She is so thorough in her mission that Thoth must go after her and calm her down or else all humans might be destroyed. Thoth gets under control by intoxicating her with wine (which, according to one version of the tale, she takes to be human blood), and ever since festivities involving drunkenness and Dionysian-style festivities were associated with Hathor. The worship of the Golden Calf described in the Old Testament apparently refers to Hathor.

The name Hathor means House of Horus and Hathor was both associated with Isis as “mother” of Horus (Isis was the daughter of Hathor by one version of the myths) and the Dendera Hathor was the consort of the Horus of Edfu.

Here is a passage I wrote on Horus from the Legend of Osiris and Isis. Now this will help you to understand about Horus and the lineage. This is important to know about Horus as you see his Falcon image everywhere and every King would emanate Horus. That is why it is odd they refer to the Great Sphinx as a King and as Horus....there is great debate about that because of the Falcon, but, as a King, you must be as Horus in Egypt's ritualistic ways. So, just close your eyes, have visions of a female. However, if the Sphinx is female, as her anatomical proportions possibly indicate as those of an Upper Egyptian Female, maybe that is the link to Horus as in Hathor and her opposite side being that of Sekmet to protect and destroy any intruders????Could be something like that...The Sphinx is often related to as a She or Her....It is not common to refer her as male, as in He, or Him.....

Read on now about who Horus is please.

Osiris, an Egyptian King who according to Legend was murdered by his brother Seth. Osiris’s body was cut into pieces. Seth was a villain seeking the Throne and Crown of Egypt. Osiris’s sister, Isis gathered his pieces and restored Osiris back to Life. Horus, was then born as a Son unto both Osiris and Isis When Osiris became King of the Underworld, the Throne was vacant but Seth was prevented from securing it by Horus. Horus kept Seth away from the Crown; thus Horus is the All Mighty Protector and Great Deity of Egypt. During the fight with Seth, Horus lost his eye. Legend says that the gods eventually intervened and declared Horus the rightful King of Egypt. In honor of his father Osiris, Horus offered the recovered eye to his father. His own wound was covered with the divine serpent, Uraeus. This is why this serpent was considered the emblem of the Egyptian Pharaohs. Horus is depicted by a Falcon/Owl.

Egyptian Kings were believed to be the living embodiment of Horus and also the son of the Sun God Re, the most important Deity of Egypt When a King/ Pharaoh died he passed into the Land of the Dead to reunite with Re, the Successor became the new Horus. Kings were Divine Intermediaries between the Mortal World and the Gods. Ritualistic Offerings ensured order and prosperity.

End of quotes from our booklet.

Also, Osiris became King of the Underworld, Lions are Kings of the Netherworlds, so there is also the relationship there with the Lion, Osiris and Protectors -- as in the Sphinx being a Lion, and not a Falcon, they just kind of shifted gears maybe and used facets of Osiris kind of as he was such a great God too and father of Horus.

Hope this is helpful. I have more info we wrote I can post on these topics.

Oh, another thing, Cornwall my kitty, would not like to know he is little, I call him Tiger sometimes, like, "Come here you little Tiger," and when we are in the pastures, he stalks like a Tiger on the prowl...Meow, Meow...


Dr. Colette M. Dowell ND
Circular Times

ciamarra's picture
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great sphinx at giza = aker,
few others gods could use the eye of ra and take
lion form - and at times flaming lady.

but when one takes in account the theme at giza
and egypt aker wins in my books.

and yes aker was allow to have the head of men or women
thus the sphinx
also - someone mention sphinx meaning - binding together -

also is shadows back - greg said she was welcome back?
did greg or anyone email her after i gave the solution to
the bug on his website i hoped he would have - any news there?

RealityTest's picture
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If you like Sekhmet you might want to visit the Temple of Dendur at New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art. The building housing the Temple includes a number of statues of Sekhmet.

(I last visited in 1997 -- see this site. )

"Tuning in" to the Sphinx is an interesting experience; it sure has been sitting there, silently guarding, for a very long time -- it surely ranks as one of the world's most precious relics.

Tonight only, RealityTest is featuring an etheral video of the sphinx, a documentary of its creation complete with awesome side effects, at no charge; this is entirely complimentary.

You can view this in either of two ways:

1.) Close your eyes, take a few long, slow, deep breaths, and gradually allow your body to relax, your mind to quiet; allow your inner flat-screen monitor to form in your mind, then focus on the opening shot (A close-up of the main subject). The rest will follow.

2.) Tell yourself before going to sleep that you will dream of the Sphinx's creation and -- important -- that you will remember your dream upon awakening.

This technology is still very experimental, of course; any feedback on the process (as well as the production itself) will be greatly appreciated -- with your help we can work out the bugs and create a superior experience.

RealityTest's customers always come first.


Bill I.

ciamarra's picture
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other than programming books and two on stock market =
i dont buy books - but i purchased
An Experiment with Time - by J. W. Dunne

its 80 years old and a great piece of work on precoginitive
dreams and tells about the do's or donts

basics for inducing these precoginitve dreams have been on-line for quite soon time. also remote viewing too.

i mention in a post few months ago about dreams i had about newscast 1 week prior to it being air.

we have so many dreams - also best to write them down soon after awakeing,- you can pick up the book used for a few bucks. -

thefloppy1's picture
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"precognitive" is trying to read or see the future through dreams. Very few can do this. Time is such a complex thing that it makes no sence to try and read an "absolute" in the future.

What "reality test" was suggesting is to enter the "theta" state of sleep with your request in your mind. This should give you the answers you request. In this case it is the past so the answer will or should be determined.

As for preconitive, the future is all changeing. Therefore no future that is seen is absolute. Any who state they can read the future are in fact deceiving you. There are simply too many variations to each individuals circumstance to be accuate.

"Life can be whatever you want it to be, as long as you do what your told."

ciamarra's picture
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dreams - do involve the past too - as dunne stated-
i think the term precognitive suggests its just the future only - thoughts are a electo-magnetic wave that we can get in tune with others.

that reminds of 2 deaths that were dear to me - when my uncle was killed in a t-accident and there were no sideairbags from someone running from the police chase - my cousins were young - so i slept over there with my mother because they were so upset. anyhow - i slept in the living room - and their CAT was up most of the nite - meowing so upset as if it could read our thoughts and knew what had happened.

Kathrinn's picture
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Just remembered another couple of cat sayings for you.

"Cats are like comets - they have tails and do as they please." (Gene Shoemaker of Shoemaker-Levy Comet fame.)

".. a cat is no less liquid than it shadow, offering no angles to the wind."

(I don't know the origin of this last saying but it was a favourite of a friend of mine, and he often repeated it when he looked at either or both of my cats. So true, too.)

Regards, Kathrinn

plw12752anderson's picture
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Is a website with lovely photos of Egyptian cats, history and lore.

...when the Egyptians started identifying the lions that roamed around their land with the Sun. They believed that at sunset, Ra, the Sun God, would die and descend through the underworld in the West, to be born again in the East, at sunrise. During the night, however Ra was always in great danger, as his enemies, headed by the great serpent Apophis would not hesitate to attack him, thus putting the whole Universe in danger.

However, the lions would look unto the setting sun, and keep its rays in their eyes, for they, like domestic felines, have eyes that reflect in the dark. With that fire burning in their eyes, the lions would go forth and kill the serpents of the night, as we were going to do afterwards, when the domestic cat was bred in the temples of the Black Land (Kemet, the name applied by the Ancient Egyptians to their country).

With the image of the lion in mind, the Egyptians built the Sphinx, a huge effigy of the Sun God, with the body of a lion and the head of a Pharaoh, and they also worshipped the goddess Sekhmet, who with the head of a lion (see picture) was the goddess of war, who descended to the earth to destroy the enemies of Ra, and was known as the Eye of Ra. Amongst the list of Egyptian feline goddess we find Mau, a personification of Ra as a cat (Mau being the ancient Egyptian word for cat); Tefnut, a lion headed goddess whose name means Moisture and represents one of the most primeval forces of creation; and Mafdet, a goddess of protection. In an Ancient Egyptian spell which repels snakes, the protection of Mafdet is invoked: 'O cobra, I am the flame which shines on the brows of the Chaos-gods of the Standard of Years. Begone from me, for I am Mafdet!'

For the full article plus much more here is the link.
Also, on this link below there are several diagrams worthy to take the time to look over. It's quite long and packed with information. -----------------------------Truth is stranger than fiction.

ciamarra's picture
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i still like my ciamarra theory that i stated theory that great sphinx is aker.

in an ancient hymn to the sun god, it is said:
'Oh Amun-Ra, the gods have gone from thee. What flowed forth from thee became Shu, and that which was emitted by thee became Tefnut;

thou didst create the nine gods at the beginning of all things, and thou wast the Lion God of the Twin Lion Gods.'

The Twin Lion Gods were Shu and Tefnut.
Collectively, they could be known as the Aker gods,
the lions of yesterday and today, each facing away from one another.

Tefnut represented the setting sun, while Shu represented the rising sun.

Aker was also seen as symbolic of the borders between each day

Over time, the heads became full figures of lions
(still facing away from each other), one representing the concept of yesterday (Sef in Egyptian), and the other the concept of today (Duau in Egyptian).

Aker was said to guard the entrance and exit to the underworld,
opening them for the sun to pass through during the night.

As the guard, it was said that the dead had to request Aker to open the underworld's gates, so that they might enter. Also, as all who had died had to pass Aker, it was said that Aker annulled the causes of death,
such as extracting the poison from any snakes that had bitten the deceased, or from any scorpions that had stung them.

As the Egyptians believed that the gates of the morning and evening were guarded by Aker, they sometimes placed twin statues of lions at the doors of their palaces and tombs.

so its clear great sphinx is aker, and since great sphinx its facing the rising sun, shu gate is being guarded and Tefnut guarded the western gate

Jameske's picture
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Perhaps herodotus never mentioned the Sphinx because it wasn't made at his time. in other words, the Sphinx is much younger than currently thought.

reverance for cats. perhaps because they are very clean animals. They kill insects and rodents. people borrowed their reflexes and instincts to serve the purpose of sanitation.

Colette M. Dowell's picture
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Hello Jameske - Thank you for doing the news when you do.

That is what is odd about Herodotus's papers - the Sphinx was there and half uncovered.

Cats are very clean animals when domesticated. I have seen some pretty knarred looking wild ones that stink like black slithering evil lurking. I actually killed one in my house going after Cornwall last fall. I tried to impale it with my woodstove poker, I kept stabbing at it, no kidding. It had a very bad odor to it and when it finally died, it let out a terrible smell. Well, I actually never pierced the skin of it, I clubbed it to death and broke its neck when it went behind my washer and dryer set. I got up on top of the dryer on my hands and knees and put that poker behind it and bam bam bam on the head and a crushing blow to the throat where I held the poker and put all my weight into it, over and over, bam bam bam, and it screamed real loud, Oooooowel, Ooooowel, and then finally a last horrific growl and combined was quite an adrenalin rush and hair raising moment for sure. It was not a nice experience, but, I had to save my cat and this cat was creaming Cornwall as he was twice the size and had infected him once before. I would leave my door open to let the breeze come through and he would come in the house and eat Cornwall's food and I happened on it one day in the kitchen. So I ran and closed the front door and cornered it in the washroom. Bam bam bam, gross gross gross.....

Now there is another wild one that got Cornwall just today while I was resting. We had thunder storms, so I let the door open to cool the house. I heard a fight and it was a wild one again whacking on Cornwall. Cat hair was flying every which way and lots of cat screams. I picked up my big branch of wood with a knot on the end that I found in the woods one day (it is in my living room for decoration) and I hit that damn cat on the head and it went running off. Cornwall is hurt now and laying low on my bed. We are going to shoot it next time it comes around. No more bam bam bam with my poker or clubbing with my wood stick. Cats are hard to kill. I know, I know ---off topic. Sorry, I was thinking about all of the posts and cats..and then that one to day......unreal psycho cat drama. Sanitary -- phooey, some stink like sh*t. One time I used anti-freeze in tuna, that worked....

I like the saying about the cat and the comet, very cute indeed, the other one with the wind went over my head - I did not get it???? I am dense at times.

That must be a huge museum or building to house a temple like that. I have been to the Pergamon Museum in East Berlin. That is huge, the temple is erected inside this building with large windows on the ceilings and sides of the building to let light in. That is the only housed temple I have ever seen. I think it is amazing they can re-construct the temples and house them like that. I think it is also a very thoughtful and a nice deed to do. I would like to see more money & energy placed in creative venues like that instead of money & energy used to build 'temples' to house military equipment.

Tonight, I will look at the Sphinx in my mind and ask to dream of her. I will see what happens. I will pray for that wild cat to go away and no more problems. That is kind of weird that happened today when we are talking about cats and all.


Dr. Colette M. Dowell ND
Circular Times

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How Seth murdered Osiris and how Horus avenged his father

In the days before Ra had left the earth, before he had begun to grow old, his great wisdom told him that if the goddess Nut bore children, one of them would end his reign among men. So Ra laid a curse upon Nut - that she should not be able to bear any child upon any day in the year.

Full of sorrow, Nut went for help to Thoth, the thrice-great god of wisdom and magic and learning, Ra's son, who loved her. Thoth knew that the curse of Ra, once spoken, could never be recalled, but in his wisdom he found a way of escape. He went to Khonsu, the Moon-god, and challenged him to a contest at draughts. Game after game they played and always Thoth won. The stakes grew higher and higher, but Khonsu wagered the most, for it was some of his own light that he risked and lost.

At last Khonsu would play no more. Then Thoth the thrice-great in wisdom gathered up the light which he had won and made it into five extra days which for ever after were set between the end of the old year and the beginning of the new. The year was of three hundred and sixty days before this, but the five days which were added, which were not days of any year, were ever afterwards held as days of festival in old Egypt.

But, since his match with Thoth, Khonsu the moon has not had enough light to shine throughout the month, but dwindles into darkness and then grows to his full glory again; for he had lost the light needed to make five whole days.

On the first of these days Osiris, the eldest son of Nut, was born, and the second day was set aside to be the birthday of Horus (the son of Isis and Osiris). On the third day the second son of Nut was born, dark Set, the lord of evil. On the fourth her daughter Isis first saw the light, and her second daughter Nephthys on the fifth. In this way the curse of Ra was both fulfilled and defeated: for the days on which the children of Nut were born belonged to no year.

When Osiris was born many signs and wonders were seen and heard throughout the world. Most notable was the voice which came from the holiest shrine in the temple at Thebes on the Nile, which today is called Karnak, speaking to a man called Pamyles bidding him proclaim to all men that Osiris, the good and mighty king, was born to bring joy to all the earth. Pamyles did as he was bidden, and he also attended on the Divine Child and brought him up as a man among men.

When Osiris was grown up he married his sister Isis, a custom which the Pharaohs of Egypt followed ever after. And Set married Nephthys: for he too being a god could marry only a goddess.

After Isis by her craft had learned the Secret Name of Ra, Osiris became sole ruler of Egypt and reigned on earth as Ra had done. He found the people both savage and brutish, fighting among themselves and killing and eating one another. But Isis discovered the grain of both wheat and barley, which grew wild over the land with the other plants and was still unknown to man; and Osiris taught them how to plant the seeds when the Nile had risen in the yearly inundation and sunk again leaving fresh fertile mud over the fields; how to tend and water the crops; how to cut the corn when it was ripe, and how to thresh the grain on the threshing floors, dry it and grind it to flour and make it into bread. He showed them also how to plant vines and make the grapes into wine; and they knew already how to brew beer out of the barley.

When the people of Egypt had learned to make bread and cut only the flesh of such animals as he taught them were suitable, Osiris, went on to teach them laws, and how to live peacefully and happily together, delighting themselves with music and poetry. As soon as Egypt was filled with peace and plenty, Osiris set out over the world to bring his blessings upon other nations. While he was away he left Isis to rule over the land, which she did both wisely and well.

But Set the Evil One, their brother, envied Osiris and hated Isis. The more the people loved and praised Osiris, the more Set hated him; and the more good he did and the happier mankind became, the stronger grew Set's desire to kill his brother and rule in his place. Isis, however, was so full of wisdom and so watchful that Set made no attempt to seize the throne while she was watching over the land of Egypt. And when Osiris returned from his travels Set was among the first to welcome him back and kneel in reverence before "the good god Pharaoh Osiris".

Yet he had made his plans, aided by seventy-two of his wicked friends and Aso the evil queen of Ethiopia. Secretly Set obtained the exact measurements of the body of Osiris, and caused beautiful chest to be made that would fit only him. It was fashioned of the rarest and most costly woods: cedar brought from Lebanon, and ebony from Punt at the south end of the Red Sea for no wood grows in Egypt except the soft and useless palm.

Then Set gave a great feast in honour of Osiris; but the other guests were the two-and-seventy conspirators. It was the greatest feast that had yet been seen in Egypt, and the foods were choicer, the wines stronger and the dancing girls more beautiful than ever before. When the heart of Osiris had been made glad with feasting and song the chest was brought in, and all were amazed at its beauty.

Osiris marveled at the rare cedar inlaid with ebony and ivory, with less rare gold and silver, and painted inside with figures of gods and birds and animals, and he desired it greatly.

"I will give this chest to whosoever fits it most exactly!" cried Set. And at once the conspirators began in turn to see if they could win it. But one was too tall and another too short; one was too fat and another too thin - and all tried in vain.

"Let me see if I will fit into this marvelous piece of work," said Osiris, and he laid himself down in the chest while all gathered round breathlessly. "I fit exactly, and the chest is mine!" cried Osiris.

"It is yours indeed, and shall be so forever!" hissed Set as he banged down the lid. Then in desperate haste he and the conspirators nailed it shut and sealed every crack with molten lead, so that Osiris the man died in the chest and his spirit went west across the Nile into Duat the Place of Testing; but, beyond it to Amenti, where those live for ever who have lived well on earth and passed the judgments of Duat, he could not pass as yet. Set and his companions took the chest which held the body of Osiris and cast it into the Nile; and Hapi the Nile-god carried it out into the Great Green Sea where it was tossed for many days until it came to the shore of Phoenicia near the city of Byblos. Here the waves cast it into a tamarisk tree that grew on the shore; and the tree shot out branches and grew leaves and flowers to make a fit resting place for the body of the good god Osiris and very soon that tree became famous throughout the land.

Presently King Malcander heard of it, and he and his wife, Queen Astarte, came to the seashore to gaze at the tree. By now the branches had grown together and hidden the chest which held the body of Osiris in the trunk itself. King Malcander gave orders that the tree should be cut down and fashioned into a great pillar for his palace. This was done, and all wondered at its beauty and fragrance: but none knew that it held the body of a god. Meanwhile in Egypt Isis was in great fear. She had always known that Set was filled with evil and jealousy, but kindly Osiris would not believe in his brother's wickedness. But Isis knew as soon as her husband was dead, though no one told her, and fled into the marshes of the delta carrying the baby Horus with her. She found shelter on a little island where the goddess Buto lived, and entrusted the divine child to her. And as a further safeguard against Set, Isis loosed the island from its foundations, and let it float so that no one could tell where to find it.

Then she went to seek for the body of Osiris. For, until he was buried with all the needful rites and charms, even his spirit could go no farther to the west than Duat, the Testing-Place; and it could not come to Amenti. Back and forth over the land of Egypt wandered Isis, but never a trace could she find of the chest in which lay the body of Osiris. She asked all whom she met, but no one had seen it - and in this matter her magic powers could not help her. At last she questioned the children who were playing by the riverside, and at once they told her that just such a chest as she described had floated past them on the swift stream and out into the Great Green Sea.

Then Isis wandered on the shore, and again and again it was the children who had seen the chest floating by and told her which way it had gone. And because of this, Isis blessed the children and decreed that ever afterwards children should speak words of wisdom and sometimes tell of things to come.

At length Isis came to Byblos and sat down by the seashore. Presently the maidens who attended on Queen Astarte came down to bathe at that place; and when they returned out of the water Isis taught them how to plait their hair - which had never been done before. When they went up to the palace a strange and wonderful perfume seemed to cling to them; and Queen Astarte marveled at it, and at their plaited hair, and asked them how it came to be so.

The maidens told her of the wonderful woman who sat by the seashore, and Queen Astarte sent for Isis, and asked her to serve in the palace and tend her children, the little Prince Maneros and the baby Dictys, who was ailing sorely. For she did not know that the strange woman who was wandering alone at Byblos was the greatest of all the goddesses of Egypt. Isis agreed to this, and very soon the baby Dictys was strong and well though she did no more than give him her finger to suck. But presently she became fond of the child, and thought to make him immortal, which she did by burning away his mortal parts while she flew round and round him in the form of a swallow. Astarte, however, had been watching her secretly; and when she saw that her baby seemed to be on fire she rushed into the room with a loud cry, and so broke the magic.

Then Isis took on her own form, and Astarte crouched down in terror when she saw the shining goddess and learned who she was. Malcander and Astarte offered her gifts of all the richest treasures in Byblos, but Isis asked only for the great tamarisk pillar which held up the roof, and for what it contained. When it was given to her, she caused it to open and took out the chest of Set. But the pillar she gave back to Malcander and Astarte; and it remained the most sacred object in Byblos, since it had once held the body of a god.

When the chest which had become the coffin of Osiris was given to her, Isis flung herself down on it with so terrible a cry of sorrow that little Dictys died at the very sound. But Isis at length caused the chest to be placed on a ship which King Malcander provided for her, and set out for Egypt. With her went Maneros, the young prince of Byblos: but he did not remain with her for long, since his curiosity proved his undoing. For as soon as the ship had left the land Isis retired to where the chest of Set lay, and opened the lid. Maneros crept up behind her and peeped over her shoulder: but Isis knew he was there and, turning, gave him one glance of anger - and he fell backwards over the side of the ship into the sea.

Next morning, as the ship was passing the Phaedrus River, its strong current threatened to carry them out of sight of land. But Isis grew angry and placed a curse on the river, so that its stream dried up from that day. She came safely to Egypt after this, and hid the chest in the marshes of the delta while she hastened to the floating island where Buto was guarding Horus.

But it chanced that Set came hunting wild boars with his dogs, hunting by night after his custom, since he loved the darkness in which evil things abound. By the light of the moon he saw the chest of cedar wood inlaid with ebony and ivory, with gold and silver, and recognized it. At the sight hatred and anger came upon him in a red cloud, and he raged like a panther of the south. He tore open the chest, took the body of Osiris, and rent it into fourteen pieces which, by his divine strength, he scattered up and down the whole length of the Nile so that the crocodiles might eat them.

"It is not possible to destroy the body of a god!" cried Set. "Yet I have done it - for I have destroyed Osiris!" His laughter echoed through the land, and all who heard it trembled and hid.

Now Isis had to begin her search once more. This time she had helpers, for Nephthys left her wicked husband Set and came to join her sister. And Anubis, the son of Set and Nephthys, taking the form of a jackal, assisted in the search. When Isis traveled over the land she was accompanied and guarded by seven scorpions. But when she searched on the Nile and among the many streams of the delta she made her way in a boat made of papyrus: and the crocodiles, in their reverence for the goddess, touched neither the rent pieces of Osiris nor Isis herself. Indeed ever afterwards anyone who sailed the Nile in a boat made of papyrus was safe from them, for they thought that it was Isis still questing after the pieces of her husband's body.

Slowly, piece by piece, Isis recovered the fragments of Osiris. And wherever she did so, she formed by magic the likeness of his whole body and caused the priests to build a shrine and perform his funeral rites. And so there were thirteen places in Egypt which claimed to be the burial place of Osiris. In this way also she made it harder for Set to meddle further with the body of the dead god

One piece only she did not recover, for it had been eaten by certain impious fishes; and their kind were accursed ever afterwards, and no Egyptian would touch or eat them. Isis, however, did not bury any of the pieces in the places where the tombs and shrines of Osiris stood. She gathered the pieces together, rejoined them by magic, and by magic made a likeness of the missing member so that Osiris was complete. Then she caused the body to be embalmed and hidden away in a place of which she alone knew. And after this the spirit of Osiris passed into Amenti to rule over the dead until the last great battle, when Horus should slay Set and Osiris would return to earth once more

But as Horus grew in this world the spirit of Osiris visited him often and taught him all that a great warrior should know - one who was to fight against Set both in the body and in the spirit.

One day Osiris said to the boy: "Tell me, what is the noblest thing that a man can do?" And Horus answered: "To avenge his father and mother for the evil done to them." This pleased Osiris, and he asked further: "And what animal is most useful for the avenger to take with him as he goes out to battle?" "A horse," answered Horus promptly. "Surely a lion would be better still?" suggested Osiris. "A lion would indeed be the best for a man who needed help," replied Horus; "but a horse is best for pursuing a flying foe and cutting him off from escape."

When he heard this Osiris knew that the time had come for Horus to declare war on Set, and bade him gather together a great army and sail up the Nile to attack him in the deserts of the south.

Horus gathered his forces and prepared to begin the war. And Ra himself, the shining father of the gods, came to his aid in his own divine boat that sails across the heavens and through the dangers of the underworld.

Before they set sail Ra drew Horus aside so as to gaze into his blue eyes: for whoever looks into them, of gods or men, sees the future reflected there. But Set was watching; and he took upon himself the form of a black pig - black as the thunder-cloud, fierce to look at, with tusks to strike terror into the bravest heart.

Meanwhile Ra said to Horus: "Let me gaze into your eyes, and see what is to come of this war." He gazed into the eyes of Horus and their color was that of the Great Green Sea when the summer sky turns it to deepest blue.

While he gazed the black pig passed by and distracted his attention, so that he exclaimed: "Look at that! Never have I seen so huge and fierce a pig." And Horus looked; and he did not know that it was Set, but thought it was a wild boar out of the thickets of the north, and he was not ready with a charm or a word of power to guard himself against the enemy. Then Set aimed a blow of fire at the eyes of Horus; and Horus shouted with the pain and was in a great rage. He knew now that it was Set; but Set had gone on the instant and could not be trapped.

Ra caused Horus to be taken into a dark room, and it was not long before his eyes could see again as clearly as before. When he was recovered Ra had returned to the sky; but Horus was filled with joy that he could see, once more, and as he set out up the Nile at the head of his army, the country on either side shared his joy and blossomed into spring.

There were many battles in that war, but the last and greatest was at Edfu, where the great temple of Horus stands to this day in memory of it. The forces of Set and Horus drew near to one another among the islands and the rapids of the First Cataract of the Nile. Set, in the form of a red hippopotamus of gigantic size, sprang up on the island of Elephantine and uttered a great curse against Horus and against Isis:

"Let there come a terrible raging tempest and a mighty flood against my enemies!" he cried, and his voice was like the thunder rolling across the heavens from the south to the north. At once the storm broke over the boats of Horus and his army; the wind roared and the water was heaped into great waves. But Horus held on his way, his own boat gleaming through the darkness, its prow shining like a ray of the sun.

Opposite Edfu, Set turned and stood at bay, straddling the whole stream of the Nile, so huge a red hippopotamus was he. But Horus took upon himself the shape of a handsome young man, twelve feet in height. His hand held a harpoon thirty feet long with a blade six feet wide at its point of greatest width.

Set opened his mighty jaws to destroy Horus and his followers when the storm should wreck their boats. But Horus cast his harpoon, and it struck deep into the head of the red hippopotamus, deep into his brain. And that one blow slew Set the great wicked one, the enemy of Osiris and the gods - and the red hippopotamus sank dead beside the Nile at Edfu. The storm passed away, the flood sank and the sky was clear and blue once more. Then the people of Edfu came out to welcome Horus the avenger and lead him in triumph to the shrine over which the great temple now stands. And they sang the song of praise which the priests chanted ever afterwards when the yearly festival of Horus was held at Edfu:

"Rejoice, you who dwell in Edfu! Horus the great god, the lord of the sky, has slain the enemy of his father! Eat the flesh of the vanquished, drink the blood of the red hippopotamus, burn his bones with fire! Let him be cut in pieces, and the scraps be given to the cats, and the offal to the reptiles!
"Glory to Horus of the mighty blow, the brave one, the slayer, the wielder of the Harpoon, the only son of Osiris, Horus of Edfu, Horus the avenger!"
But when Horus passed from earth and reigned no more as the Pharaoh of Egypt, he appeared before the assembly of the gods, and Set came also in the spirit, and contended in words for the rule of the world. But not even Thoth the wise could give judgment. And so it comes about that Horus and Set still contend for the souls of men and for the rule of the world.

There were no more battles on the Nile or in the land of Egypt; and Osiris rested quietly in his grave, which (since Set could no longer disturb it) Isis admitted was on the island of Philae, the most sacred place of all, in the Nile a few miles upstream from Elephantine. But the Egyptians believed that the Last Battle was still to come - and that Horus would defeat Set in this also. And when Set was destroyed forever, Osiris would rise from the dead and return to earth, bringing with him all those who had been his own faithful followers. And for this reason the Egyptians embalmed dead and set the bodies away beneath towering pyramids of stone and deep in the tomb chambers of western Thebes, so that the blessed souls returning from Amenti should find them ready to enter again, and in them to live for ever on earth under the good god Osiris, Isis his queen and their son Horus.

from: The Encyclopedia Mythica

-----------------------------Truth is stranger than fiction.

Colette M. Dowell's picture
Member since:
26 February 2005
Last activity:
8 years 4 weeks

WEll, it did not happen. I did look at the Sphinx in my mind and was there in the enclosure too. Nada, nothing, I think I was thinking too much about those other wild cats as I had just writtene about them as that one had jumped Cornwall and had freaked me out. It is roaming around today too, already outside the door, brave wild cat he is. Cornwall is perched looking out the window, I will not open the door until he splits.

Precognitive dreams.........depending on interpretation of time as FLoppy brought up, I have had them. I do not ask for them, they just happen and I do not know they are precognitive until the event happens, and that is usually within a day to a week.

A few weeks ago I had a dream about my friend I had not been in touch with for a very long time, in the dream we were conversing. I was thinking abou thim the hwole next day. Well, that evening he called me. He too had had a dream about me that night , the same night i had a dream about him. That is mental telepathy I think, not precognitive, but it depends on which way you view it.


Dr. Colette M. Dowell ND
Circular Times

Robincm86's picture
Member since:
5 April 2011
Last activity:
6 years 19 weeks

The Great Egyptian sphinx was known to the ancient Egyptians as Horus of the Horizon. Traditionally it has been accepted that the face of the sphinx is that of Khafre due to the location of the causeway and his valley temple, but there are some schools of thought who believe that it was dedicated to and represents Khufu.

I still agree that it is far more likely to be Khafre than Khufu, especially when you consider the computer reconstruction done of the facial feature's of the sphinx with the face of Khafre that used over 2 million reference points this work was undertaken by Mark Lehner who along with Dr Hawass would be the current world authority on the monuments of the Giza Plateau

There is a small underground tunnel that leads into a small area in the left paw, but other than the masonry boxes that are positioned on each side of the body but don't enter into the body of the sphinx itself, there are no other cavities entrances or tunnels.