The Jewish Revolt

The following is an excerpt (#17 of 20) from:

"Jesus Among the Julio-Claudians"
copyright 2017 Charles N. Pope

The Jewish Revolt (Three Jesus Figures)

Despite siring a large number of sons (up to eight) Caesarion only had two royal grandsons by the mid-30’s AD, at which time his advanced age made it imperative to declare a successor. His eldest grandson would have actually been Herodian (the future Agrippa II, born around 27 AD). Herodian was the son of future Emperor Claudius. His second grandson would have been Aristobulus (Jesus Justus/Otto, born 32 AD), who was the son of Marcus Junius Silanus Torquatus (Aristobulus of Chalcis, husband of Salome). A third grandson, Agrippa III (Josephus/Josephes, second son of Jesus) was not born until around 37 AD. A likely fourth grandson, the future Emperor Titus (son of Vespasian, the former Drusus III) was born in 39 AD, and a fifth, Brittanicus, in 41 AD. Brittanicus would have been the second royal son (after Herodian) of Claudius.

Note: Titus (son of Vespasian) would have been viewed as a prospective neo-Seti (son of Ramses), who emerged during the Amarna Period as a vigorous and capable replacement for the abortive Joshua figure, Tutankhamun.

The two true sons of Torquatus/Jesus (the “Jewish Alexander the Great”) were born after his “Passion Play” in Jerusalem, even as the two sons of Alexander the Great were born after his own “Passion Play” in Babylon. Although, Claudius was older than Torquatus and produced Caesarion’s first grandson, Torquatus won the race to produce two grandsons (ala Ptolemy IV). Torquatus was himself the grandson of Julia the Elder, whereas Claudius was probably the son of the lower-ranking Antonia Minor. Claudius was the older of the two (by about ten years), but his genetic defects were an obvious factor. Even so, there could have been genuine debate as to whether Claudius or Torquatus was the proper choice as successor. It is possible that the succession of Caesarion remained in limbo until the birth of the second true son of Torquatus (“Jesus”) in 37 AD. The second son was born to Claudius by 41 BC, but this likely came too late to impact the succession, i.e., after the actual death of Caesarion. Regardless, due to the severe infertility of the royal family, collateral branches remained essential. Any viable male lines stemming from Claudius (or even other royal males) could conceivably gain the succession in following generations were the dynastic “House of Jesus” to fail.

If the succession had not been decided before the reign of Caligula began (in 37 AD), it certainly was by the time it ended (41 AD). Caligula was unable to sire a royal son, whereas Torquatus and Claudius now had two apiece. And, this may have been the reason Caligula’s reign was made mercifully short (less than four full years). With Caligula typecast as the Roman Akhenaten, it fell to Claudius to follow him as a tragic Roman Smenkhkare (first successor of Akhenaten). Claudius was in fact a John/Osiris figure in his personal birth position and role playing. Nero then logically followed Claudius in the role of an ill-fated Roman Tutankhamun. However, intriguingly, the reigns of Caligula and Nero summed up to 17 years (the same length as that of Akhenaten and Ptolemy IV).

Nero was the putative (if not actual) son of Ahenobarbus/Lucius Caesar, who (as previously noted) was originally typecast as Antiochus III before that role was abruptly usurped by Caesarion/Drusus. Nero was born when Ahenobarbus was in his mid-50’s and had (by then) already been written off for succession. Nevertheless, Nero was evidently allowed a share of the Akhenaten/Ptolemy IV role, and infamously fulfilled it in addition to that of the Roman Tutankhamun/ Ptolemy V. Nero (or more likely his unfortunate surrogate) was subjected to a traumatic death, even as King Tut had been savagely attacked and killed. The martyrdom of Ptolemy V occurred when he was officiating under the guise of High Priest Jonathan and was treacherously induced to enter the city of Ptolemais with a relatively light guard during a declared truce. Jonathan was said to have been ambushed, taken captive and just as treacherously executed a short time later.

Note: The fatherhood of Emperor Nero (born 37 AD) is very much in doubt. He is considered the son of Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus, but this seems doubtful. Tiberius, Germanicus or even others could be proposed. If he was born to Ahenobarbus (as is generally assumed), then he was the grandson of Tiberius. Tiberius carefully cultivated the career of Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus, but in the end became frustrated with his lack of a son, even as Caesarion/Sejanus eventually lost his patience with Germanicus and Drusus II. This Ahenobarbus emerges as the likely aristocratic identity used by Lucius Caesar after his royal identity was suppressed (also due to infertility). If Nero was a true son of the former Germanicus, then he would also have been a grandson of Caesarion/Drusus I. If he was a true son of Tiberius (a more likely scenario), then his birthdate was shifted as a dynastic precaution to avoid the appearance of having been born posthumously to Tiberius.

It was late in the reign of Nero that the Jewish Revolt began, and which was violently put down by order of Nero. However, it was of course the decision of the current Great King, Torquatus/Aristobulus of Chalcis/Jesus, to go through with a planned Roman repetition of the Ptolemaic sacking of Jerusalem. This event may have had to wait until the literal passing of Claudius/Agrippa I. In any event, the son of Claudius/Agrippa I, namely Herodion/Agrippa II, did not resist the invasion (and to some extent even supported it). He was rewarded with a comfortable retirement in Rome thereafter. The apparent delay in the fulfillment of tradition with regard to the expected pillaging of the Jewish temple may also have served to better fulfill that tradition. The Egyptian Amarna Period lasted only about 30-40 years, depending upon how one defines it. However, the Great Revolt of the Ptolemaic Period last around 60 years.

In the lead-up to Jewish Revolt of Jesus’ generation, there was bitter contention over control of the High Priesthood, even as in Ptolemaic times. The High Priest Ananias son of Ananias was sacked for having over-stepped his authority in the “killing” of the Apostle James. He was replaced by one Jesus son of Damnaius/Damneus, a name or epithet with a number of very interesting connotations. Damnaius/Damneus could refer to the same James that was unjustly condemned to die by the previous High Priest Ananias son of Ananias. In other words, the son of this James was given the priesthood as compensation for “wrongful death.” Alternately, Damneus might also allude to the (condemned/rejected) daemon/spirit of an Alexander-figure. In that case, the priesthood was instead being bestowed upon a son of the rejected and “crucified Christ.”

When this second Jesus (whoever he might have been) was deposed as High Priest, he was replaced by yet another Jesus, Joshua ben Gamla, who we are told had essentially bought the High Priesthood, even as a certain Jason (Greek form of Jesus) had done in Ptolemaic times just prior to the attack and “abomination of desolation” of Antiochus (IV) Epiphanes. Finally, this second Jesus was also removed and replaced by a Mattathias ben Theophilus, in whose tenure the Jewish Revolt broke out. This particular name would have been an excellent pseudonym for a third Jesus, that being Jesus son of John the Elder (Caesarion/Drusus/ Jonathan/Sejanus/ Junius) in the role of Ptolemy VI (a.k.a. Mattathias son of Johanan/John, leader of the Maccabean counter-revolution). The handwriting was on the Western Wall. The revolution, its suppression and the subsequent counter-revolution of Ptolemaic times were being combined into a single conflict and cataclysm in the Roman Era. Another Jewish temple was about to be ruined, but this time only a non-Jewish New Jerusalem was envisioned to replace it.

The precedent for three Jesus figures can also be found in the Amarna Period, at which time Harsiese (“Joash”) and Seti (“Jehoash”) stood ready to replace the frail and dying Tutankhamun (“Elisha/Jehonadab”) in the “Joshua son/successor of Moses” role. In the Ptolemaic Period, a triad of messiahs again found expression in the persons of Ptolemy V (“Jonathan/Johanan”), Ptolemy VI (“Mattathias”) and Alexander Balas (“Judas Maccabee”). All three were associated with the High Priesthood. However, the first two of these three were tender, even effeminate saviors (after Tut and Harsiese of the Amarna template). Only Alexander Balas (patterned after Seti) was overtly manly and militant. The Julio-Claudian Messiah, Aristobulus of Chalcis, assumed the role of both Ptolemy V and Ptolemy VI. He was not placed in the role of an overthrowing/counter-revolutionary leader. That role was instead divided between Paul/Judas Iscariot and Simon Peter/Simon Gioras, and was deliberately scripted to fail this time.

Note: Of the three men “on the cross” in the Gospels, only two were “politically correct.”

Note: The “Roman Amarna Period” also lasted around 60 years, or about the same duration as that in contemporary Herodian Jerusalem (i.e., ~60 years between the Herodian Akhenaten, Archelaus successor of Herod the Great, and the devastation wrought by the “Coming of Titus”). There was also an expectation at this time that Rome itself would fall. Certainly, the Roman Emperors of this period did all they could to disgrace the Julio-Claudian Dynasty and justify its demise. Jerusalem was destroyed by fiat of Jesus, but Rome was spared (“saved”) by will of Torquatus.

Note: It would have been the decision of Jesus to go forward with the invasion, however he chose not to personally lead it. The informed aristocrat would have known that the Roman name of Antiochus IV Epiphanes had also been Titus, and more specifically, Titus Flamininus.

Previous blog in the series:

Next blog in the series:

First blog in the series:

The prequel "Heroes of the Hellenistic Age" is posted at the page below: