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Mothers' relationship happiness may influence infant fussiness

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 3:07pm
How happy a mother is in her relationship and the social support she receives may affect the risk of infant colic, according to researchers.
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New approach to improve detection of landfill-related pollution

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 3:07pm
A method known as laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) offers a cleaner, faster and simpler approach than existing technologies for detecting contaminants in the fluids coming from landfills, known as leachates.
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Cancer in the family: One spouse's diagnosis can lower household income

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 3:07pm
Caring for a husband or wife with cancer significantly diminishes family income, according to researchers who tracked changes in employment and income among working-age couples in Canada.
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Growing body of evidence supports use of mind-body therapies in breast cancer treatment

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 3:07pm
In newly updated clinical guidelines, researchers analyzed which integrative treatments are most effective and safe for patients with breast cancer. This systematic review adds to the growing literature on integrative therapies for patients with breast cancer and other cancer populations.
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Freezing lithium batteries may make them safer, bendable

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 2:16pm
A new method that could lead to lithium batteries that are safer, have longer battery life, and are bendable has now been developed, providing new possibilities such as flexible smartphones. His new technique uses ice-templating to control the structure of the solid electrolyte for lithium batteries that are used in portable electronics, electric vehicles, and grid-level energy storage.
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Financial strain tied to low-birth-weight babies

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 2:16pm
A financially strapped pregnant woman's worries about the arrival and care of her little one could contribute to birth of a smaller, medically vulnerable infant, a new study suggests.
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Recommendation against inhaled flu vaccine is good -- for now

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 2:12pm
Recent federal recommendations against offering the inhaled nasal influenza vaccine due to lack of effectiveness could lead to more flu illness in the US if the inhaled vaccine becomes effective again or if not having the choice of the needle-less vaccine substantially reduces immunization rates, according to a new analysis.
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Alternating skimpy sleep with sleep marathons hurts attention, creativity in young adults

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 2:12pm
Skimping on sleep, followed by 'catch-up' days with long snoozes, is tied to worse cognition -- both in attention and creativity -- in young adults, in particular those tackling major projects, researchers have found.
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Photosynthesis in the dark? Unraveling the mystery of algae evolution

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 2:12pm
Researchers compared the photosynthetic regulation in glaucophytes with that in cyanobacteria, to elucidate the changes caused by symbiosis in the interaction between photosynthetic electron transfer and other metabolic pathways. Their findings suggest that cyanelles of the glaucophyte Cyanophora paradoxa retain many of the characteristics observed in their ancestral bacteria, and that C. paradoxa is the primary symbiotic algae most similar to cyanobacteria than other lineages of photosynthetic organisms in terms of metabolic interactions.
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New breakthrough in battery charging technology

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 2:12pm
A new study has introduced a new battery charging technology that uses light to charge batteries. This newly-developed power source is designed to work under sunlight and indoor lighting, allowing users to power their portable electronics anywhere with access to light. In addition, the new device could power electric devices even in the absence of light.
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Novel method to detect toxic effects of chemicals could reduce need for animal testing

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 2:12pm
Traditional toxicological investigations performed on animals (in vivo) are expensive, time-consuming and may cause animal suffering. But new research demonstrates that a neuronal cell model, derived from mouse, can be used to evaluate the neurotoxic effect of chemicals. The alternative toxicity risk assessment could reduce reliance on animal testing while also enable quick large scale toxicity evaluations.
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Metastatic breast cancers: Characterizing the profile of metastases for improved treatment

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 2:12pm
A new study offers a better understanding of the progression of breast cancer. The conclusions could have an impact on care for patients suffering from a metastatic breast cancer. This is one of the first studies based on the analysis of multiple metastases obtained at the time of patient autopsies.
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Maternal high-fat diet may increase offspring risk for liver disease

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 2:11pm
A new mouse study suggests that exposure to a high-fat diet in the womb and immediately after birth promotes more rapid progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease later in life. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common chronic liver disease diagnosed in adults and children.
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Self-assembled nanostructures can be selectively controlled

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 1:40pm
DNA self-assembly allows the unprecedented control of the optical properties of plasmonic metamolecules, report scientists.
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Climate change clues revealed by ice sheet collapse

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 1:39pm
The rapid decline of ancient ice sheets could help scientists predict the impact of modern-day climate and sea-level change, according to new research.
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Polymeric fluids behavior revealed at the microscopic scale

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 1:39pm
An important concept in future healthcare is the development of devices called "lab on a chip". These "chips" are injected to fill specifically designed microscopic channels. These channels contain biosensors which detect, for example, specific markers for diseases within the fluid and provide a quick diagnosis. However, an arising issue is the size of the fluid sample injected inside the chip, with tiny volumes down to a billionth of a liter. Due to lack of available technologies, researchers do not yet fully understand how fluids -- particularly complex ones of biological origins -- behave at such small scales.
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Women in a tenure committee may even make it more difficult for a woman to get a job

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 1:39pm
Having women in scientific committees may decrease women’s opportunities to get a nomination for a professor. According to a study from Finland, male evaluators become less favorable toward female candidates as soon as a female evaluator joins the committee. At the same time, female evaluators are not significantly more favorable toward female candidates.
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Synchronized voltage rhythms could maintain the body's clock

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 1:39pm
Cells in the brain’s master circadian clock synchronize voltage rhythms despite asynchronous calcium rhythms, which might explain how a tissue-wide rhythm is maintained.
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Ambulances respond more slowly in summer and winter

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 1:39pm
Ambulance response times in London worsen when air temperatures rise or fall beyond certain limits in summer and winter, according to a new study. 
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Could genetics influence what we like to eat?

Mon, 24/04/2017 - 12:40pm
Gene variants could affect food preferences in healthy people, according to a new study. The findings could lead to new strategies that make it easier for people to stick to an optimal diet.
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