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In a recent study, combat exposure among Army enlisted women was associated with an increased likelihood of developing behavioral health problems post-deployment, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and at-risk drinking.
Ronan the sea lion can keep the beat better than any other animal; a new study found out more.
There is insufficient evidence to show that any of the short questionnaires used by physicians to ask about symptoms of depression accurately screen 6- to 18-year-olds for the disease.
A new article makes the case that developing meaningful climate projections depends upon a better understanding of the role of 'soil carbon turnover.'
A new system has been developed that uses transformed human stem cells to speed up screening of existing drugs that might work against rare brain and other cancers.
Mathematical and mechanical modeling shows that whisker sensory neurons fundamentally encode mechanical information.
Since time immemorial, older generations have fretted over the sexual habits of young people. In today's world, however, elders might just be wondering why young people are having so little sex. Researchers analyzed data from 26,707 respondents to the General Social Survey and found that today's young people are less likely to have had sex since turning 18.
Scientists show which molecular features distinguish the subset of exhausted T cells that can be re-energized, when mice with chronic viral infections are treated with PD-1-blocking agents. Useful information for optimizing cancer immunotherapy and combinations with other drugs.
Invisibility cloaks have less to do with magic than with metamaterials. These human-engineered materials have properties that don't occur in nature, allowing them to bend and manipulate light in weird ways. For example, some of these materials can channel light around an object so that it appears invisible at a certain wavelength. Now researchers have designed a new kind of metamaterial whose properties can be changed with a flick of a switch.
Researchers examined trends in seniors' use of digital health technology in the US from 2011-2014.
Early use of vasopressin to treat septic shock did not improve the number of kidney failure-free days compared with norepinephrine, according to a new study.
Concrete is everywhere -- a ubiquity owed to its strength as a building material. Despite its strength, however, it has a pernicious but inescapable tendency to 'creep,' or deform progressively under mechanical stress, which leads to crumbling bridges and cracked roads. Despite the obvious relevance this holds for the safety of infrastructure, however, the physical origin of the mechanism has remained poorly understood, and even scientifically contested.
Among patients recently hospitalized with heart failure and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF; a measure of heart function), the use of the drug liraglutide did not lead to greater post-hospitalization clinical stability, according to a new study.
Among non-critically ill patients, use of standardized cardiac telemetry with an off-site central monitoring unit was associated with detection and notification of cardiac rhythm and rate changes within one hour prior to the majority of emergency response team activations, and also with a reduction in the number of monitored patients, without an increase in cardiopulmonary arrest events, according to a new study.
Researchers have studied the best possible regeneration measures for athletes after strenuous training and competition phases. Using blood tests, questionnaires and performance tests, they compared the effects different recovery measures have on top athletes and investigated if effective regeneration strategies for specific types of sport do exist. Their results are meant to help athletes and coaches choose different recovery measures in practice.
Geoscientists have discovered accumulations of magma in the Andes sufficient to have set off a super-eruption but which, in fact, did not. Such eruptions, which expel enormous quantities of magma, are the largest volcanic events on earth. They have discovered that magma volumes of supervolcanic proportions have been continuously accumulating in the Altiplano-Puna region since the last super-eruption nearly 2.9 million years ago. These magmas, however, did not reach the surface to trigger a catastrophic eruption but instead slowly cooled at depth and hardened into plutonic rock.
The high levels of caffeine in energy drinks may lead to cardiac complications, suggests a case report by experts. The case adds to previous reports of adverse cardiovascular events related to consuming energy drinks, including abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias).
Thanks to global warming, waterways that make up important habitat for fish are likely to experience an increased frequency of such extreme conditions. Researchers wanted to know the impact of severe storms on fish populations that have to make sudden and unexpected trips downstream, away from their preferred habitat, to more hospitable waters.
A new review finds lack of comparability between current clinical assays for CTX is evident, indicating possible limitations of combining such data for meta-analyses; to improve interpretation of patient results harmonization of units for reporting serum/plasma CTX (ng/L) and PINP Further study of the relationships between clinical assays for CTX and PINP and physiological and pre-analytical factors contributing to variability in BTM concentrations is required.
New research shows how Geobacter bacteria grow as films on electrodes and generate electricity -- a process that's ready to be scaled up to industrial levels.