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Remote orthopedic care may successfully, cost-effectively treat common conditions

Fri, 04/03/2016 - 2:19pm
Orthopedic care for patients living in remote areas may be managed through phone or email, allowing patients to receive treatment without traveling to a larger, urban hospital for care, according to a new study.
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Reducing opioid use prior to joint replacement surgery linked to better outcomes

Fri, 04/03/2016 - 2:19pm
Two research studies link decreased opioid use prior to joint replacement surgery with improved patient satisfaction and outcomes, fewer complications, and a reduced need for post-surgical opioids.
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Poor helmet fit associated with concussion severity in high school football players

Fri, 04/03/2016 - 2:19pm
High school football players with ill-fitting helmets are at greater risk for more severe concussions, according to a new study.
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Digital fitness devices help patients monitor health and activity, improve outcomes

Fri, 04/03/2016 - 2:18pm
A digital fitness device, technology already owned by 1 in 10 Americans, provides a unique opportunity for patients to monitor their activity levels, medication use, weight, sleep patterns, rehabilitation progress, and other personal health data, ultimately empowering them to improve clinical outcomes, according to a new study.
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Efficacy of self-guided and accelerated post-surgical therapy programs

Fri, 04/03/2016 - 2:18pm
Research challenges two common rehabilitation standards: physical therapy following total hip replacement at an outpatient facility, and gradual movement of the quadriceps tendon following total knee replacement surgery.
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Study offers clearest picture yet of how HIV defeats a cellular defender

Fri, 04/03/2016 - 2:18pm
The first atomic-scale view of an interaction between the HIV capsid -- the protein coat that shepherds HIV into the nucleus of human cells -- and a host protein known as cyclophilin A has been illuminated by a recent study. This interaction is key to HIV infection, researchers say.
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CPAP may improve glycemic control in sleep apnea patients

Fri, 04/03/2016 - 1:42am
Continuous positive airway pressure, or CPAP, appears to improve glycemic control in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and type 2 diabetes that is not well controlled, according to research. The research has advanced understanding of the biological relationship between two major public health problems, which epidemiological studies have indicated are related.
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Super elastic electroluminescent 'skin' will soon create mood robots

Thu, 03/03/2016 - 8:02pm
Engineers have developed an electroluminescent "skin" that stretches to more than six times its original size while still emitting light. The discovery could lead to significant advances in health care, transportation, electronic communication and other areas.
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There goes the neighborhood: Changes in chromosome structure activate cancer-causing genes

Thu, 03/03/2016 - 8:02pm
In a finding with enormous implications for cancer diagnostics and therapeutics, scientists have discovered that breaches in looping chromosomal structures known as “insulated neighborhoods” can activate oncogenes capable of fueling aggressive tumor growth.
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(Rain)cloud computing: Researchers work to improve how we predict climate change

Thu, 03/03/2016 - 7:59pm
Two scientists work on simulations that project what the climate will look like 100 years from now. Last year, they completed the highest-resolution climate forecast ever done for North America, dividing the continent into squares just over seven miles on a side -- far more detailed than the standard 30 to 60 miles.
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The secret to 3-D graphene? Just freeze it

Thu, 03/03/2016 - 7:59pm
Engineers have used a modified 3-D printer and frozen water to create three-dimensional objects made of graphene oxide. The structures could be an important step toward making graphene commercially viable in electronics, medical diagnostic devices and other industries.
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Cancer expert says public health, prevention measures are key to defeating cancer

Thu, 03/03/2016 - 7:59pm
Is investment in research to develop new treatments the best approach to controlling cancer? Many people believe that the time is right for another big push to defeat cancer, including President Obama, who called for a major cancer-fighting campaign in his final State of the Union address. But in a new paper, this kind of effort will never cure cancer without public health and prevention.
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Groundbreaking text mining project highlights 'gender gap' in scientific research

Thu, 03/03/2016 - 7:57pm
The sexes can have markedly different responses to the same investigations. Not reporting on the sex and age of animal models could significantly reduce the reliability and reproducibility of studies, and lead to drugs that won't work for half of the population.
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Greenland's ice is getting darker, increasing risk of melting

Thu, 03/03/2016 - 7:57pm
Greenland's snowy surface has been getting darker over the past two decades, absorbing more heat from the sun and increasing snow melt, a new study of satellite data shows. That trend is likely to continue, with the surface's reflectivity, or albedo, decreasing by as much as 10 percent by the end of the century, the study says.
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Selfish or altruistic? Brain connectivity reveals hidden motives

Thu, 03/03/2016 - 7:57pm
Often, it is hard to understand why people behave the way they do, because their true motives remain hidden. Researchers have now shown how peoples' motives can be identified as they are characterized by a specific interplay between different brain regions. They also show how empathy motives increase altruistic behavior in selfish people.
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Researchers overturn landmark study on the replicability of psychological science

Thu, 03/03/2016 - 7:57pm
An in-depth examination of a 2015 landmark study showing that more than half of all psychology studies cannot be replicated has revealed serious mistakes that make its pessimistic conclusion completely unwarranted.
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Parasites help brine shrimp cope with arsenic habitat contamination

Thu, 03/03/2016 - 7:55pm
Do parasites weaken their hosts' resilience to environmental stress? Not always, according to a study. Rather than weakening its brine shrimp intermediate host, tapeworm infection enhances the shrimps' ability to cope with arsenic contamination in the water -- and the same holds true in the warmer waters predicted by climate change models.
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Fuel or food? Study sees increasing competition for land, water resources

Thu, 03/03/2016 - 6:36pm
About one-third of the world's malnourished population could be fed by using resources now used for biofuel production, new research indicates. As strategies for energy security, investment opportunities and energy policies prompt ever-growing production and consumption of biofuels like bioethanol and biodiesel, land and water that could otherwise be used for food production increasingly are used to produce crops for fuel.
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Mating without males decreases lifespan

Thu, 03/03/2016 - 6:36pm
Roundworm species reproducing self-fertilization instead of mating with males have shorter lifespans.
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New maps reduce threats to whales, dolphins

Thu, 03/03/2016 - 6:35pm
Biologists have created highly detailed maps charting the seasonal movements and population densities of 35 species of whales, dolphins and porpoises -- many of them threatened or endangered -- in US Atlantic and Gulf waters. The maps give government agencies and marine managers better tools to protect these highly mobile animals and guide ocean planning, including decisions about the siting of wind energy and oil and gas exploration along US coasts.
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