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Growing perfect crystals by filling the gaps

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 2:42pm
Be it in physics, metallurgy, gemology or engineering, the applications of crystals are very broad. A research team has now developed a new method to assemble large, periodic crystals.
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Back to the future: Space-age exploration for pre-historic bones

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 2:42pm
Scientists roped in the use of high-tech laser scanning, photogrammetry and 3-D mapping technology to map Homo naledi's Dinaledi chamber.
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Bee populations expanded during global warming after the last Ice Age

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 2:42pm
Population sizes of the Australian carpenter bee have increased dramatically during the global warming following the last Ice Age. This matches previous studies on bees in North America and Fiji, showing that bees from diverse habitats respond strongly to climate change.
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Gels go drugs: New polymer gels for targeted drug-delivery are closer than ever

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 2:42pm
New work from physicists will help in development of the new polymer gels for the targeted drug-delivery. The study invokes the methods of theoretical analysis, and particularly a coherent combination of the self-consistent field approximation and the method of scaling.
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Seeing 'living' nanofibers in real time

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 2:40pm
Scientists observe artificial nanofibers self-sorting into organized structures in real-time. This brings scientists closer toward developing intelligent, next-generation biomimics that possess the flexibility and diversity of functions that exist in a living cell.
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It pays to increase energy comsumption

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 2:40pm
Extensive theoretical mappings have been developed of the way private consumers can save money for heating in a modern supply system based on electricity. Surprisingly enough, the mapping shows that by using approximately 10 percent more energy for heating, it is possible to save about 10 percent on the heating bill, at the same time as protecting the environment with lower carbon dioxide emission.
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Vicious circle of platelets

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 2:40pm
Inhibition of platelets in Alzheimer's disease patients may become important in therapy in future, say researchers whose findings could be of great importance for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease patients.
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Implanted neuroprosthesis improves walking ability in stroke patient

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 2:40pm
A surgically implanted neuroprosthesis--programmed to stimulate coordinated activity of hip, knee, and ankle muscles -- has led to substantial improvement in walking speed and distance in a patient with limited mobility after a stroke, according to a single-patient study.
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Flatworms left in sunlight spur investigations into rare metabolic disorders

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 2:40pm
A type of flatworm could be a new weapon in the hunt for better ways to treat a group of diseases that can cause extreme sensitivity to light, facial hair growth, and hallucinations, according to a study.
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Better combustion for power generation

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 2:40pm
As US utility companies replace coal-fired power plants with natural gas, a collaboration between two parties is contributing to efficiency gains in GE's H-class gas turbines. GE researchers produced the first simulation involving multiple gas turbine combustors to study combustion interactions that are impractical to test physically. Advanced simulation is projected to results in a full percentage-point gain in turbine efficiency.
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New findings linking abnormalities in circadian rhythms to neurochemical to changes in specific neurotransmitters

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 2:40pm
Scientists have published results of the first study of its kind to link abnormalities in circadian rhythms to changes in specific neurotransmitters in people with bipolar disorder. The study was conducted using postmortem brains in which 15 brains were used from healthy controls, 15 with bipolar disorder, and 12 with schizophrenia.
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Tobacco smoke makes germs more resilient

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 12:26pm
A dental researcher explores microbiological mechanisms as World Health Organization urges for a day of abstinence from tobacco use on May 31. Cigarette smoke and its components promote biofilm formation by several pathogens including Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans, Klebsiella pneumonia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, report scientists.
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When it comes to claws, right-handed attracts the girls

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 12:26pm
A tiny marine crustacean with a great big claw has shown that not only does size matter, but left or right-handedness (or in this case, left or right-clawedness) is important too.
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Protein that could prevent tumor growth in cervical cancer identified

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 12:26pm
Scientists have identified a protein that has the potential to prevent the growth of cervical cancer cells. The discovery could lead to the development of new treatments for the deadly disease, they say.
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Attosecond camera for nanostructures

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 12:24pm
Physicists have observed a light-matter phenomenon in nano-optics, which lasts only attoseconds.
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Roadmap for biomarker research on Alzheimer's disease should lead to better results

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 12:24pm
Biomarkers could revolutionize the early detection of and therapy for Alzheimer’s disease. However, experts have criticized that the big breakthroughs are slow in coming because of a lack of priorities in research. A roadmap should help to push along advances in this area.
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Antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy: Folic acid could help to prevent autism

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 12:24pm
If pregnant women take antiepileptic drugs, the child can develop autistic traits. The administration of folic acid preparations appears to be a suitable means of preventing this serious side-effect, suggest researchers.
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Migraine prevention: Monoclonal antibodies could become additional therapy option

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 12:24pm
Researchers are focused on preventing or shortening the duration of migraine attacks by looking at established drug treatment options and those that could shape future therapies.
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Whiplash syndrome: Better prediction of long-term consequences

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 12:23pm
Possible long-term consequences from a whiplash trauma can be effectively predicted if the injured persons are subdivided into different risk groups shortly after the car accident.
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The mysterious sexual life of the most primitive dragonfly

Tue, 31/05/2016 - 12:23pm
The dragonfly considered the most primitive in the world lives in Australia and Tasmania, and was believed to be extinct four decades ago. But it is far from being so. A researcher has observed thousands of these insects in one of the few habitats in which it has been detected and it displays sexual behavior that is unique, not only directed towards reproduction.
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