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Prenatal exposure to air pollution linked to impulsivity, emotional problems in children

Thu, 17/03/2016 - 1:45pm
Exposure to common air pollutants during pregnancy may predispose children to problems regulating their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors later on, according to a new study.
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Hope for veterans with an overlooked form of post-traumatic stress disorder

Thu, 17/03/2016 - 12:45pm
Veterans with subclinical PTSD not only respond to evidence-based therapy but respond better than those with full PTSD, a new study concludes. Just like patients with full PTSD, those with subclinical PTSD have experienced a traumatic event and are regularly re-experiencing it, often in nightmares or flashbacks.
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Researchers crack 50-year-old nuclear waste problem, make storage safer

Thu, 17/03/2016 - 1:51am
Researchers have adapted a technology developed for solar energy in order to selectively remove one of the trickiest and most-difficult-to-remove elements in nuclear waste pools across the country, making the storage of nuclear waste safer and nontoxic - and solving a decades-old problem.
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Interventions to minimize high-risk prescribing can cut emergency admissions

Thu, 17/03/2016 - 1:51am
High-risk prescribing and preventable drug-related complications in primary care are major concerns for health care systems internationally, responsible for up to 4 percent of emergency hospital admissions, a study has shown.
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Health effects of sit-stand desks, interventions aimed to reduce sitting at work are still unproven

Thu, 17/03/2016 - 1:51am
A new review says that the benefits of a variety of interventions intended to reduce sitting at work are very uncertain.
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Public transport, walking and cycling to work are all associated with reductions in body fat for adults in mid-life

Thu, 17/03/2016 - 1:51am
Adults who commute to work via cycling or walking have lower body fat percentage and body mass index measures in mid-life compared to adults who commute via car, according to a new study.
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Vegans may lack essential nutrient intake, study reports

Wed, 16/03/2016 - 11:45pm
The health benefits of a plant-based diet is well-known, but the question remains: Could vegans be at risk for deficiency of essential nutrients? A retrospective review indicated that vegans should ensure adequate intake of a few nutrients.
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'Coral on a chip' cracks coral mysteries

Wed, 16/03/2016 - 11:45pm
The world’s corals are dying, with tremendous effects on climate and ocean health – however, much about why coral dies is still unknown. Now, a team of researchers has created a new experimental platform – a “coral on a chip” – that lets them grow coral in the lab to study the structures’ complicated lives at microscale resolution.
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Temporary disconnects shed light on long-term brain dysfunction

Wed, 16/03/2016 - 11:45pm
Using optogenetics to study long-range communication across the brain, a team of researchers temporarily silenced long-range axons so as to determine their role in the brain’s conversation. As mental and neurological diseases are thought to be related to disrupted long-range connectivity, the team’s findings could lead to better understanding and treatment of such disorders.
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Genomic profiling helps provide targeted therapy options for hard to treat cancers

Wed, 16/03/2016 - 11:45pm
Research examining difficult to treat tumors through genomic profiling shows that tumors with alterations in a signaling pathway responsible for cell regulation may respond to targeted therapy regardless of where the tumor originated in the body.
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10-minute urine test can measure specific compounds from food consumed

Wed, 16/03/2016 - 11:45pm
Can we say goodbye to unreliable food diaries and diet recall in exchange for a urine test that will better aid researchers in figuring out what foods might help prevent cancer? Researchers have developed a method that can quickly evaluate specific food compounds in human urine.
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Within six families, a path to personalized treatment for an immune disorder

Wed, 16/03/2016 - 11:45pm
The most common immune disorder, common variable immunodeficiency disorder (CVID), is notoriously difficult to diagnose early, before serious complications develop. Genetic analysis of six families from across the U.S. and Europe has revealed that mutations in IKAROS, known for its central role in immune cell development, define a new class of CVID. This study's results open the door to personalized health care tailored to patients with this disorder.
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Autoimmune attack underlying kidney failure

Wed, 16/03/2016 - 11:44pm
Interstitial nephritis, a common cause of kidney failure, has a complex and largely unknown pathogenesis. In a new published paper, a team of researchers shows how interstitial nephritis can develop from an autoimmune attack on the kidney’s collecting duct.
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Viruses 'piggyback' on host microbes' success

Wed, 16/03/2016 - 11:42pm
It has generally been assumed that in a growing population of microbes, viruses also multiply and kill their hosts, keeping the microbial population in check. A recent study of virus-host dynamics near coral reefs suggests that, under certain conditions, viruses can change their infection strategy. As potential host microbes become more numerous, some viruses forego rapid replication and opt instead to reside peaceably inside their host, thereby reducing their the viruses' numbers.
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Aging is portrayed as mainly negative in popular music lyrics

Wed, 16/03/2016 - 11:42pm
A recent analysis of popular music reveals that while older age and aging are represented both negatively and positively in music lyrics, negative representations predominate.
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Biomarkers can help guide immune-suppressing treatment after organ transplantation

Wed, 16/03/2016 - 11:42pm
Recently discovered biomarkers may provide valuable new approaches to monitoring immunosuppressive drug therapy in organ transplant recipients -- with the potential for individualized therapy to reduce organ rejection and minimize side effects
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New work-family research shows how team makeup, 'virtuality' affect social loafing

Wed, 16/03/2016 - 11:42pm
Is virtual teamwork productive? Are managers really getting the most out of their teams when virtuality is involved? A new study argues that productivity and effectiveness of virtual teamwork centers heavily on the makeup of the team and how that affects accountability.
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Sorghum: Not so ho-hum

Wed, 16/03/2016 - 11:42pm
Researchers recently released 40 varieties of early-flowering sorghum bred for use in cooler, more temperate areas. These early-flowering varieties of sorghum are critical for the spread of the crop to more new locations.
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Healthy heart equals healthy brain

Wed, 16/03/2016 - 11:42pm
Achieving the metrics that define a healthy heart may translate to healthier brain function as people age. More ideal cardiovascular health measures meant less decline in brain processing speed and, to some extent, thinking ability and memory.
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Women may keep verbal memory skills longer than men in the early stages of Alzheimer's

Wed, 16/03/2016 - 11:42pm
Women may have a better memory for words than men despite evidence of similar levels of shrinkage in areas of the brain that show the earliest signs of Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study.
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