Researchers evaluated the overall and site-specific incidence of cancer among patients registered in USIDNET, and found increased cancer incidence rates, especially in lymphomas, among patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases.
A new study used advanced imaging methods to evaluate obesity, and suggests a relationship between obesity and disease relapse.
A drug being used to treat alcohol problems in the UK was licensed for use despite insufficient evidence to prove its effectiveness, new research has found.
Cell biologists’ most notorious approach to detect and semi-quantify proteins, western blotting, could well be on its way down. Researchers have developed a set of universal protein tags that warrant protein quantification via targeted proteomics techniques.
New synthetic models of human tissues have been developed that simulate the electromagnetic properties of different tissues and organs. Known as phantoms, these models may be of interest for the development of new technologies for use in medical screening, as well as for the evaluation of 5G mobile communication devices. The researchers have also devised a methodology for creating these phantoms.
Utilizing information from all the senses is critical for building a robust and rich representation of our surroundings. Given the wealth of multisensory information constantly bombarding us, however, how does our brain know which signals go together and thus need to be combined? And how does it integrate such related signals? Scientists have proposed a computational model that explains multisensory integration in humans utilizing a surprisingly simple processing unit.
Small animals that decompose fallen leaves in the forest form complex food webs and are essential to a functioning ecosystem. A study comprising over 80 forests in Germany and on Sumatra (Indonesia) has now shown that two factors particularly influence this function when examined over larger landscapes: the number of animals and their species diversity. In previous studies, the connection between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning had been investigated mostly in small test areas.
It seems to be the stuff of pure fantasy: a hand made of rubber feels as if it belongs to the owner’s body. Although it is hardly conceivable, it is an illusion which is in fact well-known in the field of psychology – and one that can be produced in skillful experimental setups. Psychologists have now shown for the first time how test persons can also integrate their own smartphones into their bodily selves. This means that whether an object is felt to belong to the owner’s own body does not only depend on whether it has a form similar to that of a human hand. The extent to which the object is used also appears to play an important role.
Phosphorus is the biggest cause of water quality degradation worldwide, causing 'dead zones', toxic algal blooms, a loss of biodiversity and increased health risks for the plants, animals and humans that come in contact with polluted waters. This threatens the loss of economic and social benefits from freshwaters upon which society relies. Scientists are now assessing how geo-engineering in lakes can control phosphorus pollution.
The way we work is fundamentally changing, with a rise in mobile working -- people who travel away from home for long or short periods of time. Some people, such as truck drivers, may be away from home as part of their normal working life, while other workers may have occupations that require them to travel and represent their organization regionally, nationally or even internationally. For mobile workers and their families, this kind of travel can have consequences for daily family life. A team of researchers has investigated the consequences of mobile working and what it means for family life.
The diverse and delicious fragrances of flowers brighten our days and inspire poetry. The more practical reason that flowers produce scent is to attract pollinating insects to the flowers' reproductive organs, thereby ensuring the continued existence of plant species. New research has now indicated that increases in ambient temperature also lead to a decrease in the production of floral scents.
Thanks to new methods of precision diagnostics, such as DNA sequencing and epigenetic analyses, it is becoming increasingly possible to identify specific central nervous system (CNS) tumors accurately and to provide targeted treatment. Researchers have now been actively involved as authors in the latest edition of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of CNS tumors.
One third of cold-pressed rapeseed press cake consists of nutritionally valuable protein that could have many other uses besides animal feed. A researcher has developed enzyme-aided methods for rapeseed protein enrichment. Her study also provides estimates of the costs of different protein extraction schemes.
Women are almost twice as likely to experience anxiety as men, according to a review of existing scientific literature. The study also found that people from Western Europe and North America are more likely to suffer from anxiety than people from other cultures.
Galaxies 'waste' large amounts of heavy elements generated by star formation by ejecting them up to a million light years away into their surrounding halos and deep space, according to a new study.
New research into the ringing-ear condition known as tinnitus indicates an alarming level of early, permanent hearing damage in young people who are exposed to loud music, prompting a warning from a leading researcher in the field.
Rogue fishing vessels are able to secure insurance including those that have been flagged by international watchdogs for unlawful activity, new research indicates.
The first study to quantify nutritional quality of food and drinks endorsed by music celebrities popular among teens has concluded that almost all such products are unhealthy. None of the music stars identified in the study endorsed fruits, vegetables, or whole grains. Only one endorsed a natural food deemed healthy--pistachios.