Ice age vertebrates had mixed responses to climate change

Science Daily - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 7:26pm
New research examines how vertebrate species in the eastern United States ranging from snakes to mammals to birds responded to climate change over the last 500,000 years. The study reveals that contrary to expectation, the massive glaciers that expanded and contracted across the region affected animal populations in different ways at different times. The analysis provides a window into how animals might react to any kind of climate change, whether glacial cycles or global warming.
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Scientists improve predictions of how temperature affects the survival of fish embryos

Science Daily - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 7:26pm
Researchers found the thermal tolerance of Chinook salmon embryos in the Sacramento River is much lower than expected from laboratory studies. Exploring the cause of this discrepancy led to new insights into how egg size and water flow affect the survival of fish eggs.
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Sea ice hit record lows in November

Science Daily - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 7:26pm
Unusually high air temperatures and a warm ocean have led to a record low Arctic sea ice extent for November, according to scientists. In the Southern Hemisphere, Antarctic sea ice extent also hit a record low for the month, caused by moderately warm temperatures and a rapid shift in circumpolar winds.
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Improving child-teacher interactions can reduce preschoolers' stress levels

Science Daily - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 7:26pm
A school-based intervention that promotes warm and caring interactions between a teacher and child can reduce the child's stress in the classroom, a new study has found.
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Happy salmon swim better

Science Daily - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 7:25pm
What makes young salmon decide to leave their rivers and head out to Sea has been a hot topic for decades now. Current research shows that the young salmon's desire to migrate can partly be limited by anxiety.
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Samsung's Upcoming Galaxy S8 Flagship Smartphone Won't Have a Headphone Jack: Report

Slashdot - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 7:20pm
Samsung is planning to ditch headphone jack in its next flagship smartphone, called the Samsung Galaxy S8, reports SamMobile, a Samsung-focused blog that has a pretty good track record with these things. From the report: Removing the 3.5mm headphone jack enables Samsung to make the Galaxy S8 thinner while also freeing up more space inside for a bigger battery. Samsung may also integrate stereo speakers which some believe will be made in collaboration with Harman, a company that Samsung is acquiring for $8 billion.

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YouTube Pays Music Industry $1 Billion From Ads

Slashdot - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 6:40pm
YouTube, the music industry's enemy No. 1 earlier this year, said Tuesday it has paid more than $1 billion in advertising revenue to artists, labels and publishers in the last 12 months. From a report on CNET: The milestone, released in a blog post by business chief Robert Kyncl, is a stab by Google's giant video site at mending fences with music industry critics. At least, it's YouTube hoping to convince some of them that the massive amount of free, ad-supported music listening that happens there is a valuable complement to music subscriptions, the industry's main area of growth right now.

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Supreme Court Rules For Samsung in Smartphone Fight With Apple

Slashdot - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 6:00pm
The Supreme Court on Tuesday sided with Samsung in its high-profile patent dispute with Apple over design of the iPhone. The justices said Samsung may not be required to pay all the profits it earned from 11 phone models because the features at issue are only a tiny part of the devices. From a report on Reuters: The justices in their 8-0 ruling sent the case back to the lower court for further proceedings. The decision gives Samsung another chance to try to get back a big chunk of the money it paid Apple in December following a 2012 jury verdict that it infringed Apple's iPhone patents and mimicked its distinctive appearance in making the Galaxy and other competing devices. The court held that a patent violator does not always have to fork over its entire profits from the sales of products using stolen designs, if the designs covered only certain components and not the whole thing.

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The Latest Rogue One Trailer Will Put You in a Trooper-Stupor

Wired News - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 5:59pm
Strap yourself in! The latest Star Wars movie will be here sooner rather than Vader. The post The Latest Rogue One Trailer Will Put You in a Trooper-Stupor appeared first on WIRED.
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Bacteria produce aphrodisiac that sets off protozoan mating swarm

Science Daily - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 5:54pm
Scientists have demonstrated that bacteria can drive mating in eukaryotes raises possibility that environmental bacteria or bacterial symbionts may influence mating in animals.
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Scientist uses clam shells to help build 1,000-year record of ocean climate

Science Daily - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 5:53pm
Scientists have sorted and studied thousands of clam shells to build a 1,000-year record of ocean conditions and climate changes at a spot just off North Iceland.
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Predicting unpredictability: Information theory offers new way to read ice cores

Science Daily - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 5:53pm
A new technique based in information theory promises to improve researchers' ability to interpret ice core samples and our understanding of Earth's climate history.
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How to turn white fat brown

Science Daily - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 5:52pm
The browning program in white fat cells is normally suppressed by a protein called FLCN, researchers have found. It performs this function in cooperation with a major cellular signaling hub, a protein complex known as mTOR. Harnessing this knowledge may one day provide the key to better treatments for obesity.
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Inactive lifestyle linked to ozone-related lung disease

Science Daily - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 5:52pm
An inactive lifestyle may increase the risk of environmentally induced asthma symptoms. In a new study, researchers found that sedentary rats exposed to varying degrees of ozone, a type of air pollution, had higher markers for chronic disease when compared to counterparts that were more active.
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Researchers uncover new evidence linking inflammation and increased prostate cancer risk

Science Daily - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 5:52pm
Researchers have discovered a previously unrecognized type of progenitor cell that, though rare in most regions of the human prostate, is found in uncommonly high numbers in inflamed areas of the gland. These progenitor cells have the ability to initiate prostate cancer in response to genetic changes. New study results suggest inflammation increases overall risk for the disease by increasing the available pool of progenitor cells that can develop into prostate cancer.
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Uterine microbiota play a key role in implantation and pregnancy success in in vitro fertilization

Science Daily - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 5:47pm
Endometrial microbiota (bacteria in the uterine cavity) play an important role in determining whether women are able to get pregnant via in vitro fertilization (IVF), according to a new study.
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Lung cancer: Protein as potential tool for predicting survival

Science Daily - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 5:47pm
The biomarker PD-1, a protein, could potentially be used to predict survival or disease-free survival of lung cancer patients who have had the tumour surgically removed, a new study has concluded.
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Improving the resolution of lithography

Science Daily - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 5:47pm
Flow-lithography is a lithographic method for continuously generating polymer microstructures for various applications such as bioassays, drug-delivery, cell carriers, tissue engineering and authentication. A team of researchers has demonstrated the use of a wobulation technique to enhance the resolution of flow lithography produced nanostructures.
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The Circle Trailer: Emma Watson Takes on Silicon Valley

Wired News - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 5:23pm
The adaptation of Dave Eggers' dystopian novel comes with bike paths, kale smoothies, and idealism run amok. The post The Circle Trailer: Emma Watson Takes on Silicon Valley appeared first on WIRED.
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Supreme Court Considers When US Patent Violations Are 'Induced' Abroad

Slashdot - Tue, 06/12/2016 - 5:20pm
The US Supreme Court today will take up a case that will determine how much help an overseas manufacturer can get from the U.S. without running afoul of US patent laws. From a report on ArsTechnica: The case originates in a dispute between two competitors in the field of genetic testing. Both Promega Corporation and Life Technologies (selling through its Applied Biosciences brand) make DNA testing kits that can be used in a variety of fields, including forensic identification, paternity testing, medical treatment, and research. Promega licensed several patents to Applied Biosystems that allowed its competitor to sell kits for use in "Forensics and Human Identity Applications." The license forbade sales for clinical or research uses. In 2010, Promega filed a lawsuit in federal court, saying that Life Technologies had "engaged in a concerted effort to sell its kits into unlicensed fields," thus infringing its patents. A Wisconsin federal jury found that Life Tech had willfully infringed and should pay $52 million in damages. But the district judge overseeing the case set aside that verdict after trial, ruling that since nearly all of the Life Tech product had been assembled and shipped from outside the US, the product wasn't subject to US patent laws.

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