Based on a study of 85 Gulf War Veterans, Veterans Affairs researchers have developed a tentative panel of blood markers they say can verify a diagnosis of Gulf War Illness with 90 percent accuracy.
Researchers have determined the existence of at least four separate subtypes of human insulin producing beta cells that may be important in the understanding and treatment of diabetes.
A synthetic molecule with a rhenium core glows when attached to an amyloid fibril in the process of aggregating into a plaque, and brighter still when hit with ultraviolet light, report scientists. The molecule may therefore allow for real-time experimental monitoring of amyloid plaques implicated in Alzheimer's disease, they say.
The subtropical weather in Cornwall, England means new exotic crops such as quinoa and Japanese persimmon are now more likely to succeed, according to a new technique developed experts to monitor the climate.
In an advance that helps pave the way for next-generation electronics and computing technologies -- and possibly paper-thin gadgets -- scientists have developed a way to chemically assemble transistors and circuits that are only a few atoms thick.
New research from a large international team of scientists offers a more complete picture of the genes responsible for type 2 diabetes, demonstrating that previously identified common alleles shared by many in the world are the biggest culprits -- not the less common variants some scientists had hypothesized might play a large role in who gets the disease.
State mandates requiring commercial health plans to cover the cost of services for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have resulted in an increased number of children being diagnosed and treated for ASD, according to new research.
Nicole Stott, a former NASA astronaut who was the first person to paint what she saw out the window while still in space, continues to document the celestial view back on Earth.
Cancer centers promoting their services dramatically increased their advertising spending from 2005 to 2014, with the bulk of the spending by for-profit organizations, according to the results of a newly published study.
Girl Scouts and their parents reported increases in energy-saving behaviors, such as turning off power strips at night and washing clothes in cold water, after the children participated in an intervention program, according to a study.
Female academic physicians at public medical schools had lower average salaries than their male counterparts, a disparity that was only partly accounted for by age, experience, medical specialty, faculty rank and other factors, according to a new article.
A study in mice shows for the first time that visual stimulation can help damaged retinal neurons regrow optic nerve fibers (retinal ganglion cell axons). In combination with chemically induced neural stimulation, axons grew further than in strategies tried previously. Treated mice partially regained visual function. The study demonstrates that adult regenerated CNS axons are capable of navigating to correct targets in the brain.
A link between blood donor characteristics and transfusion recipients' outcomes has been uncovered by researchers. This is the first study to suggest that red blood cell transfusions from young donors and from female donors may be associated with poorer survival in recipients.
A study of health insurance claims showed that patients undergoing 11 of the most common types of surgery were at an increased risk of becoming chronic users of opioid painkillers, say researchers.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) with a loss of consciousness (LOC) may be associated with later development of Parkinson's disease but not Alzheimer's disease or incident dementia, new research indicates.
Are pomegranates really the superfood that will counteract aging? Scientists have discovered that a molecule in pomegranates, transformed by microbes in the gut, enables muscle cells to protect themselves against one of the major causes of aging. In animals, the effect is nothing short of amazing. Clinical trials are underway.
Sometimes, saying 'I don't know' may be the best way for sports stars and other celebrities to gain favor with the public when faced with tough questions.
The maneuvers of flying insects are unmatched by even the best pilots, and this might be due to the fact that these critters don't obey the same aerodynamic laws as airplanes, a team of researchers has found.
Sauropod dinosaurs were the largest land-dwelling animals of all time, with highly elongated necks and tails that were held suspended above the ground. Holding up such massive body parts would have placed huge stresses on the spine, especially at the flexible joints between the vertebrae. How was the sauropod skeleton able to bear such tremendous loads without causing injury or compromising mobility?
Imaging all of the brain's connections after stroke in addition to imaging only the areas of cortical tissue damage could better predict which patients will have language deficits and how severe those deficits will be. Such imaging could also be used to guide rehabilitative therapy.